100测评网初中英语资料-中考英语语法讲解资料及练习第1讲:名词

中考英语语法讲解资料及练习
第 1 讲:名词 名词当然是大家都很熟悉的了,我们吃的 food,喝的 drinks,穿的 clothes 都是 名词。It is easy, right? 但是你可能被名词的单复数变化、名词作定语以及名词所 有格等问题搞得糊里糊涂的,到底该怎么用呢?OK,follow me。 First, 名词复数的特殊变化。 普通名词的复数我们知道是直接加-s 或 -es,可是偏偏有一些名词不听话, 变化不规则。这些小调皮是: a. class, box, watch, brush 等词以 s, x, ch, sh, 结尾,复数要加-es; b. story, factory 等以"辅音字母+y"结尾的词复数要先将-y 变成-i 再加-es; c. knife, wife, life 等以-f 或-fe 结尾的词一般先将-f 或-fe 变为-v, 再加-es; d. 以-o 结尾的名词,一般来说,末尾是"元音字母+o" 的词加-s,我们学过 的有 radio,zoo。 末尾是"辅音字母+o"的词, 变复数加-es。 如: tomato, hero, potato, 当然其中的 piano 和 photo,又是一个例外,他们的结尾只能加-s。 e. child(children), foot(feet), tooth(teeth), mouse(mice), man(men ), woman(women )等词的复数变化全不遵循规则。 注意: 与 man 和 woman 构成的合成词, 其复数形式也是 -men 和-women。 如: an Englishman, two Englishmen. 但 German 不是合成词, 故复数形式为 Germans; f. deer,sheep 等词更是懒得可以,竟然单复数同形。好记好记。 people,police, cattle 等词,以单数形式出现,但实为复数,所以它们的谓语当然也是复数形式, 这就是集体名词。the English,the French,the Chinese 等名词表示国民总称时, 也作复数用。 注意:maths,politics,physics 等学科名词,虽然以-s 结尾,仍为不可数名词。 还有 theUnited States(美国) ,the United Nations(联合国)等应视为单数。 别奇怪,名词有时也可以作定语的。它作定语时一般用单数,但也有以下例 外。 a. man, woman 等作定语时,它的单复数以其所修饰的名词的单复数而定。 如:men workers, women teachers。 b. 数词+名词作定语时,这个名词一般保留单数形式,中间加连字符。如:a ten-mile walk 十里路,two-hundred trees 两百棵树。 哇!这些问题好复杂,我好想轻松一下。那我们就轻轻松松地面对名词所有 格问题。 这里面内容可谓少之又少,可也不能小视呦。 名词所有格: 表示“??的”通常是在名词的后面加-s,如:Children's day,father's shoes。但 以-s 结尾的名词因为已经有 s 了,只需加 ' 就 OK 了。如果两个名词并列,并且 分别有's,.则表示“分别有” 。.如:John's and Mary's room(约翰和玛丽各有一间, 共两间) ;两个名词并列,只有一个's,则表示"共有"。如:John and Mary's room (约翰和玛丽共有一间) 。 还有些无生命名词的所属要用介词 of 来帮助一下, 如: a map of China, the end of this term。

好,名词部分我们已经学完,It's a piece of cake? 接下来到了我们趁热打铁 的时间了, Are you ready? 练习: 1. All the _____teachers and______students are having a meeting there. A. women ?girls B. women? girl

C. woman?girls D. woman?girl 2. Mr Black is a friend of _________. A. Jack's aunt's B. Jack's aunt C. Jack aunt's D. aunt's of Jack 3. This toy was made by a ____ boy. A. ten-year-old B. ten-years-old C. ten-year-older D.ten-years-older 4. The farmer raised ten _________. A. sheeps B. deers C. horse D. cows 5. She looked at us sadly with her eyes as large as_________. A. her grandmother B. her grandmother's C. her grandmothers' D. that of her grandmother 6. We have moved into a ________. A. two- storey house B. house of two storey C. two-storeys house D. two storeys house 7. The ______ was too much for the child to carry. A. box's steel B. box of a steel C. steel box D. box of the steel 8. We'll give our English teacher a card for _________.

A. the Teacher's Day B. Teacher's Day C. a Teacher's Day D. Teachers' Day 9. Li Ping met an old friend of _______on a train yesterday. A. he B. him C. his D. her 10. _________are big and bright. A. The classroom window

B. The window of the classroom C. The windows of the classroom D. The classroom's windows 实战: 1. Don't worry. Your son will come back in ______hour. A. a B. an C. the D. / 2. This nice blouse isn't mine. It's ______. A. you B. your C. Lucy D. yours 3. What's " potato" in Chinese? -It's _____ . A. 香蕉 B. 大白菜 C. 西红柿 D. 土豆 4. The ninth month of a year is _______. A. December B. November C. September D. October 5. A: Must I leave now? B: No, you _______. A. needn't B. mustnt C. don't

D. won't 6. We have a history lesson ______Wednesday afternoon. A. on B. of C. at D. to 7. Suan has made quite ______friends since she came to China. A. few B. a few C. little D. a little 8. A: Have you ever ______to the West Lake? B: Yes, I ______there last winter. A. gone, went B. been, went C. gone , have been D. been, have 9. Do you ________English? A. tell B. say C. talk D. speak 10. A: May I _______your ruler? B: OK, I'm glad to _______it to you. A. lend, borrow B. lend, lend C. borrow , lend D. borrow, borrow 11. We'll go to the museum if it _______tomorrow. A. can't rain B. won't rain C. don't rain D. doesn't rian 12. Do you know ________? A. where does he study B. he studies where C. where he studies D. he where studies 13. A: _______do you go to see your grandparents? B: Once a month A. How often B. How long C. how much

D. how many 14. A: Would you like another cup of orange? B: ______I'm full. A. No, thanks B. Yes, please. C. Here it is. D. I don't like. 15. You must be tired. Why not ________a rest? A. to stop to have B. stop having C. stop to have D. to stop having

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