一、 目标导航: 1、学习本单元新单词的读音、意义、构词法。 2、掌握部分音标规则和构词法规则。 3、通过不同的语言活动较好地熟悉本单元新单词的音、形、义、 二、 目标起航： （一）观察与联系：构词法规律观察与联系 例：poison (n.毒药；毒害)---poisonous(adj.有毒的) 1. injury (n.损伤；伤害)---____________(v.损伤；伤害)---____________ (adj.受伤 的) 2. bleed(v.流血)---_____________________(n.血)---____________ (adj.血污的) 3.variety(n. 多 样 性 )---_____________________(v. 变 化 )--___________________(adj.各种各样的) 4. swell(vt.肿胀；隆起)---_______________(n.肿胀处)---________________(adj.隆 起的；肿胀的) 5.unbearable(adj. 难 以 忍 受 的 )---__________________(v. 忍 受 )--____________________(adj.忍受得住的) 6.infection(n. 传 染 ； 感 染 )--- __________________(v. 传 染 ； 感 染)---_________________(adj.受到感染的) 7.tight(adj. 紧 的 )---__________________(adv. 紧 地 )---________________(n. 紧)---_________________(v.使变得更紧) 8.firm(adj. 稳 定 的 ； 坚 定 的 )---_________________(n. 稳 固 ； 结 实)---________________(adv.稳定地) 9.bravery(n. 勇 敢 ； 大 胆 )---__________________(adj. 勇 敢 的 )--_______________(adv.大胆地) 10.apply(v. 申 请 ； 应 用 )---________________(n. 申 请 ； 申 请 书)---_________________(n.申请人) 11.pressure(n. 压力；挤压 )---_________________(v. 挤压 )--________________(adj. 有压力的) （二）你中有我：构词法实践应用 1. He was very__________about his operation, and his___________moved us deeply.(brave) 2. The____________of the water will cause the dam to crack, so it should be____________with sand and earth.(press) 3. All the ________________should know the rule that theory should be_____________to practice. (apply) 4. Those who are_____________with the ______________disease will be treated in the special place.(infect) 5.My mother is______________when she is in a bad temper, which often happens after I failed in the exam.(bear) 6.His____________on his face made all of us face the challenge_______________.(firm) 7.He got______________in the accident, and the severe___________made him
stay in bed for two months.(injure) 8.They kept the window _____________closed, and now it is too_____________for me to open it.(tight) (三)亲亲单词：在句中学单词 1. You can slow _______________( 流 血 ) by _______________( 应 用 ) _______________(压 力) to the ___________________(损伤). 2. While waiting for the __________________(救护车) to come, we should perform __________________________(急救). 3. The teenager showed great ________________(勇敢) when he tried to stop the man _________________(刺伤) the woman. 4. Her ______________( 症状 ) showed that she got first degree burns on her _____________(手腕). 5. Our _______________( 皮肤 ), which is one of the ______________( 最重要 的)____________(器官), has three _____________(层次). 6. The skin can protect our body against disease, _____________(毒害) and the sun’s harmful ______________(射线). 7. At the _____________(典礼), the host shook hands ____________(稳定地) with the guest. 8. A heavy rain _____________( 倒 ) down and the land soon became _____________(潮湿的). 9. Burnt by hot _____________(液体), his finger is ______________(肿胀的) and red. 10. It is __________(至关重要的) to __________(治疗) ____________(瘀伤) properly. (四)正中下怀：选词填空 aid, injury, poison, treat, variety, vital, pour, tight, firm, apply, pressure, fall ill, 1. The policeman suffered severe ______________ to his right arm in the fight. 2. Water and air are ______________ to us. 3. People go traveling for a ________________ of reasons. 4. My feet hurt because the shoes are too _______________ for me. 5. We usually ______________ some oil into a pan before frying vegetables. 6. A kind man kept _____________ her to continue her study. 7. Burning rubbish will send out ____________ gas.. 8. Now many young people suffer from the _____________ of modern life. 9. He is going to _______________ for a higher position in the company. 10. This chair is not _______________ enough for such a fat man to sit on. 学案 二 Intensive Reading 一、 目标导航： 1. 掌握略读技巧，把握文章的中心主旨要义。 2. 掌握寻读技巧，快速把握关键细节。 3. 进一步学习用关键词和概括性词语归纳文章摘要。 4. 能就文章内容进行口头问答和口头复述文章大意。 二、目标起航：
Step 1 Lead-in What is first aid? First aid is a__________________ given to someone who suddenly ___________ or _____________ before a doctor can be found. Step 2 Skimming Task1: Skim the text and summarize the main idea of the text by drawing out the mind map of the text. The passage mainly tells us the __________ of skin and the________, _________, __________ for ____________ ____________ burns. ( Mind map) Part 1. The functions of the skin First aid for burns Part 2. Causes of burns first degree Part 3. Types of burns Part 4: Characteristics of burns Part 5: First aid treatments The text mainly tells us the functions of the skin and the causes, characteristics, treatments for different degree burns. second degree third degree
Step 3 Scanning for detailed information. Task2: Read part 1 and find out the functions of the skin: The functions of the skin: 1) Protect you against , 2) Keep you or . 3) Prevent you from ____________________ . 4) Give you .
Task3: Read part 2-5 and find out more information about the causes, characteristics and treatments for different degree burns.(mind map)
Step 4: Practice Task4: Tell the types of burns in these pictures and explain your reason according to what you have learnt.
( ) ( ) ( ) Task 5: Look at the pictures and tell what types of burns they are and give your first aid treatments to them.
Task 6: Find out the Dos and Don’ts in the first aid treatment for burns in Part 5.(pre-set exercise 前置性作业)
Step 5: Retell the text. Step 6: Discussion Task 7: Please tell whether they give the correct treatment in the following accidents. If not, give your reason. (Ex 4 on page 35) (1). Sam knocked over a kettle full of boiling water onto this legs. His legs became red, swollen and covered with blisters. Sam broke the blisters and poured icy water from the fridge onto the skin. ( ) (2). While ironing clothes, Miss Good accidentally touched the iron. Her wrist blistered and became watery. It hurt a lot. She put her wrist under the cold water tap and then kept placing cool, clean, damp cloths on it until it was less painful. Then she went to see the doctor. ( ) (3). Mrs Casey’s sleeve caught fire while she was cooking. Her arm looked terrible but it didn’t hurt. The skin was charred. Her husband took off her blouse and picked off bits of the blouse stuck to the burn. He then placed butter on the burn and covered it with a wet bandage. ( ) (4). After an hour in the sun, Lily noticed her arms were red and hurt a bit. She went home and put them under cool running water. ( ) Step 7: Assignment: 1. Search as much information as you can about first aid http://www. healthy. net/clinic/first aid/ http://kids health. org/parent/first aid_ safe/ 2. Read the text aloud and find out the difficult sentences in the text （三）细节阅读：阅读课文，然后选出最佳答案 1. What is the main idea of the passage? A. Types of burns B. Causes of burns C. First aid treatment for burns D. Characteristics of burns 2. Which function of skin is not mentioned in the passage? A. To keep you warm or cool. B. To prevent your body from losing too much water. C. To give you your sense of touch. D. To breathe. 3. Which type of burns affect all three layers of the skin? A. First degree burns. B. Second degree burns.
C. Third degree burns. D. All the three types of burns. 4. Which of the following statements is NOT true？ A. Remove clothing unless it is stuck to the burn. B. Place burns under cool water unless they are third degree burns. C. Put butter, oil or ointment on burns if necessary. D. Send the victim to the doctor or hospital at once if the burns are severe. 5. What can be concluded from the passage? A. The skin is the most important part of our body. B. We should carry out different treatment for different types of burns. C. There are three types of burns. D. We should send the injured to the hospital whenever someone is burned. （四）课文复述：根据课文内容完成空格，然后脱稿口头复述。 You have three layers of skin which act as a 1._______________ against disease, poisons and the sun’s harmful rays. You can get 2.____________ by a variety of things. There are three types of burns 3._______________ on which layers of the skin are burned. Different burns have different 4.________________. First aid is a very important step in the 5.______________ of burns. You should remove 6._____________ using scissors if necessary unless it is 7.____________ to the skin. It is best to place burns under 8.___________________ for about 10 minutes. Do not rub, as this may break any 9.____________ and the wound may be 10._______________. Never put 11._____________________on burns as they keep the heat in the wounds and may cause 12._____________. If the injuries are second or third degree burns, it is vital to get the victim to the 13._______________at once. （五）角色扮演：口语训练：假设你遇见了 Lily, 你问她 1-3 的问题；你向同桌 了解急救的情况，问了 4-8 的问题。 Pair work: Ask and answer the following questions. 1. 皮肤的功能是什么？ 2. 为什么急救在我们日常生活中很重要？ 3. 烧伤后你知道怎么办吗？ 4. How many layers of skin do we have? 5. How many types of burns are there? 6. Which layer of the skin do the second degree burns affect? 7. Which type of burns can’t be put cold water on? 8. If the injuries are third degree burns, what should you do at once to the victim? 学案三 Grammar Study
一、目标导航: 1. 学习并掌握省略句的省略规律。 二、目标起航 ★单元同步语法：省略句 （一） 观察与归纳：从课文句子中观察语法现象并归纳总结其规律。 1. Burns are called _______, _______ or third degree burns. 2. First degree burns turns white when ________. 3. These burns are not serious and _______________ better within a day or two. 4. Remove clothing using scissors if _________ unless it is stuck to the burn. 5. If burns are on arms or legs, keep them higher than the heart, if ________. 总结归纳： 为了使句子简洁，避免重复，省略句中的一个或几个句子成分，这种语法现象 叫作省略。 1. 省略某些相同成分。 I think English easy and (I think) Russian difficult. My mother is a teacher and my father (is) a doctor. 2. 在 when, though, if, unless, once, until 等引导的状语从句中，如果从句中的谓 语有助动词“be”，且从句和主句的主语相同，则主语和 be 助动词可以省略。 If (I am) invited, I will attend his wedding. I made a lot of friends while (I was) studying in Beijing University. 3. when / if / as soon / as fast as / + possible / necessary, 可理解成中间省略了 it is (was). 4. 省略宾语从句，用 so 或 not 代替上文中的一部分或整句。 ---I think this scenic spot is worth visiting. ---I think so. ---Can you come to take part in my birthday party? ---I am afraid not. 5. 省略不定式 to 后动词，常见于 be afraid / glad / able / going to 等结构，或 try, want, would like, ask 等动词后。 ---Would you like to attend the wedding? ---I would love to 6. 省略比较状语从句中主语后部分。 He is taller than I (am tall). She runs faster than I (run). （二） 模仿应用(将下列句子中累赘的部分省去)： 1. When I am in trouble, I always solve it by myself. ____________________________________________. 2. If it is necessary, you can call me even at midnight. ____________________________________________. 3. His suggestions are useful, but Jack’s suggestions are useless. ________________________________________________________. 4. Mrs Benert thinks that a rich man always need a wife and her daughters also think that a rich man always need a wife. __________________________________________________________________. （三）完成下列句子。
1. _____________________(除非有必要), I keep silent at the meeting. 2.____________________________( 一 旦 被 看 见 ) ， you will be punished for cheating in the exam. 3. His father wanted him to attend the wedding, but his mother ______________(叫 他不要去). 4. You should be careful _________________________________(当进行急救时). 5. Somebody lent me a pen, but I don’t remember _________(是谁). 6. I would be glad to help him if he __________________（叫我的话）. 7. She got up earlier ______________(比预计要早). （四）单项选择。 1. ---Have you finished your homework? ---No, but __________________. A. I am B. I’m just going to C. I’m about D. I’m just going 2. Visitors from different countries come to visit the Forbidden City；some are Americans, some _______ Europeans . A. are B. being C. / D. do 3. Our school decided to make uniform for us, though ________ by us. A. being refused B. refused C. was refused D. having been refused 4. ---Can I play computer games, mom? ---Didn’t I tell you not ______ before you finish your homework? A. to do B. to play C. to D. / 5. ---Can you pass the exam? ---I’m afraid ______. That’s too difficult. A. I can’t B. not C. I can’t do so D. I can’t do well 6. ---I haven’t finished the project yet. ---Well, you _____. A. ought to have B. ought C. ought to D. ought to do 7. ---You want to join us? ---________? The activity is very interesting. A. Why not B. Why C. Why so D. Why me
一、目标导航： 1. 能认识并运用与该单元话题（急救）相关的单词、短语造句。 2. 能运用与 first aid 相关的单词、短语和句子进行篇章翻译或模仿写作。 3. 学习并模仿写一篇有关急救的短文。 4. 写作微技能指导： 二、目标起航： ★单元话题写作： （一） 根据词意写出单词的汉语意思或英文单词。 1. 急救__________________
2. 起重要作用_____________________ 3. 缓解痛苦__________________ 4. 挽救生命____________________ 5. 流血_______________ 6. 包扎__________________ 7. 人工呼吸_______________ 8. 给急救中心打电话________________________ 9. 伤口____________________ 10. 受伤的____________________ 11. 急救车______________________ 12. 毫无疑问____________________________ 13. 有影响，发挥作用.________________________________ 14. First aid plays an important part in our daily life.___________________________ （二）完成句子翻译。 1.急救知识在我们生活中发挥着重要的作用，适当的急救处理可以缓解病人的痛 苦，甚至挽救一个人的生命。 （play an important part in, ease sb’s pain, save one’s life…） 2. 毫无疑问，学习一些急救知识是很必要的。 （there is no doubt that, it is +adj.+to do…） （四）话题写作 (A) 范文学习-------[写作情景] 一天在放学回家的路上， 李明和张浩看到一位骑车的老人摔了下来，伤了一 条腿，流着血，躺在地上不能动弹，不少人围了过去。这时老人没有呼吸了，李 明让张浩给急救中心打电话，他为老人做人工呼吸，另一村民帮助止血。没过十 分钟，老人开始能动弹了。急救中心的医护人员赶到，说就是李明的勇敢和聪明 救了这位老人。 (范文) One day, on their way home after school, Li Ming and Zhang Hao saw an old man fall off his bicycle. The old man was lying on the ground still with one of his legs injured and bleeding and many people crowded around him. Li Ming had learned some knowledge about first aid before. He said that they ought to leave the old man where he was and check him first. Now the old man was not breathing. Li Ming asked Zhang Hao to call for the First Aid Center and then lay quickly to open the old man’s mouth and tried to breathe him using the mouth-to-mouth way. Another villager helped press a handkerchief onto the bleeding point. Within ten minutes, the old man began to move a little and the doctors and the nurses from the First Aid Center arrived. They all said it was Li Ming’s bravery and cleverness that saved the old man. （Ｂ） 模仿写作------急救知识在我们日常生活中发挥着重要的作用，适当的急救 处理可以缓解病人的痛苦，甚至挽救一个人的生命。请根据以下要点，写一篇有 关被狗咬后的急救处理的英语短文。 1. 用肥皂水清洗伤口若干分钟
2. 冲洗后继续用酒精擦洗以杀死细菌 3．伤口不宜包扎，应尽可能暴露 4. 立即给急救中心打电话或者往最近的医院注射狂犬病疫苗 (vaccine injection)