英语自然拼读44个基本音_图文

实用文档

44 个基本音;代表 44 个基本音的字母和字母组合;468 个不间断音;30-40 常用的前缀和 后缀;
二十六个辅音

b+e=be

k+e=ke

d+e=de

f+e=fe

g+e=ge

b

c

d

f

g

h+e=he

zh+e=zhe

l+e=le

m+e=me

n+e=ne

h

j

l

m

n

p+e=pe

k+uo=kuo

r+uo=ruo

s+e=se

t+e=te

p

qu

r

s

t

*v+e=ve

w+e=we

ke+se=kse

y+e=ye

z+e=ze

v

w

x

y

z

ch+e=che

sh+e=she

ch+uo=chuo

zh+uo=zhuo

**s+e=se

z+e=ze

ch

sh

tr

dr

*发此音时,上齿咬著下嘴唇 **发此两个音时,把舌尖伸出上下齿间

英辅

b

c

d

f

字母组合 b

c k, ck, ch

d

f, ph

th or th
g g, gu, gh

h

j

l

m

n

h,

wh

j ,dge, g (i,e,y)

l

m

n, kn, gn

p

qu

r

s

t

p

qu

r, wr

s, c (i,e,y)

t

v

w

x

y

z

v

w, wh

x

y

z

ch

sh

tr

dr

th or th

ch,

tch sh, ti, si, ci

tr

dr

th

注:表中下划线不发音,g(iey)表示 g 在字母“i,e,g”前可发“j”音。C 在字母“i,e,y”前必

须发“s”音

十八个元音

i

A

a

e

i

o

*u

ei

i

ai

ou

iu

a_e

**ee

i_e

o_e

u_e

a

e

ao

u

ar

or

ur

ow

oo

air

eer

oi

our

*此音要发的比汉语拼音中的“a”要短而窄。**此音要发的比汉语拼音中的“i”要长而窄。

a

e

i

o

u

a

ea e

yi

ao

o, ou, oo,u

a _e

ee

i_e

o_e

u_e

ai, ay, ey, eigh,ea

ea, ie,ei,ee

y, igh, ie

o, oa, ow, oe

ue, ui, ew

ar

or

ur

ow

oo

ar

aw, au, al ,or ir,er,ear,(w)or,ur

ou , ow

oo,ui, ew, ue

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air

ear

oi

eir,air,ear,are,ere Eer, ear, ere

oy,oi

英语单词的构成

元音是单音节英语单词中的王,因为它们决定着一个单词最终的发音.

在单音节英语单词中,级别最高的辅音是元音前面紧挨着它的那个辅音. 一个元音和它前面紧挨着它的那个辅音共同组成一个不间断音.

多音节词是由不同的不间断音和其他辅音组成或词缀组成的。

长元音“a_e” 代表长元音“a_e”的字母: 不间断音: b+ a_e=ba_e 26 个不间断音

第二部分: 五个长元音 ai, ay, ey, eigh,ea

ba_e

ca_e

da_e

fa_e

ga_e

ha_e

ja_e

la_e

ma_e

na_e

pa_e

qua_e

ra_e

sa_e

ta_e

va_e

wa_e

xa_e

ya_e

za_e

cha_e

sha_e

tra_e

dra_e

tha_e

真词认读(1)

真词认读(2)

真词认读(3)

table

favor

tailor

bailey

navigate

generate

cable

savor

sailor

frailty

graduate

celebrate

label

hasty

mailer

mailing

fascinate

devastate

fatal

tasty

drainer

sailing

candidate

demonstrate

able

hasten

rainy

fainting

suffocate

emigrate

paper

famous

brainy

training

calculate

delegate

baby

capable

dainty

draining

fabricate

estimate

baker

patriotic

daily

drainage

activate

legislate

bakery

patience

daisy

failure

tabulate

lemonade

bacon

gaily

faintness

grainy

要点

在由“-tion”结尾的单词中,重音一般落在“-tion”前面紧挨着的不间断音上,而且元音字 母发其字名音,如:“education”。但是如果“-tion”和前面紧挨着的不间断音被一个辅音字 母隔开,前面这个不间断音的元音字母发其短元音的音, 如:“transaction”。

真词认读(4)

真词认读(5)

真词认读(6)

desolation

justification nomination fabrication desolation plantation

punctuation decoration liberation

graduation punctuation legislation

generation plantation elevation

ventilation generation investigation

destination legislation estimation

inspection destination domination

population investigatio modernizatio television population occupation

transportatio n

n

benedictio transportation education

n

domination filtration

n

demonstratio nomination

demonstratio occupation suffocation connection n

liberation

n

education federation

separation obligation

elevation

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obligation

inspection deliberation

connection television immigration

separation

benediction constitution

declaration

短句认读

immunization

I hate to be late on such a date.

Jane wants to save my face.

Don’t make the same mistake.

We were born on the same date.

You can bake a cake in the same way.

I will wait to play a game with Jane.

Can you stay in the shade?

Just call a spade a spade. Please wait at the gate.

Shame on the snake.

fabrication graduation ventilation suffocation federation

justification decoration modernizatio n filtra tion

estimation revolution dedication communicatio n

You need to pray on such a day. Can you stay away from the tray? I will pay for the delay on payday. Do you want to ride in the train in the rain? That is a main gain in the game. He will stay in a jail in Spain for eight days. No pains, no gains! I saw eight whales in the lake. Stay and pray! He is such a brave slave. Stay awake!

长元音“ee” 长元音“ee”的代表字母和字母组合: ea ie 不间断音: b+ ea=bea 26 个不间断音

bea

cea

dea

fea

gea

hea

jea

lea

mea

nea

pea

quea

rea

sea

tea

vea

wea

xea

yea

zea

chea

shea

真词认读(1)

trea

drea

真词认读(2)

thea 真词认读(3)

fever

median

eagle

steamer

bleacher

breeding

lever

media

beadle

gleaner

preacher

creeping

lethal

mediate

beagle

eater

cheater

beaming

legal

Medium

needle

meaner

teacher

beamish

levis

lethargic

feasible

teaser

eaten

bleakish

meter

dealer

beaker

leaner

neaten

seeding

peeler

stealer

cleaner

leaser

beaten

dreaming

peeper

healer

speaker

sneaker

weaken

meaning

meeker

deceit

meager

bleaker

reason

cleaning

belief

receive

beamer

leader

season

feeling

defeat

receipt

weaker

seeker

Seaton

relief

repeat

relieve

squeaker

heeler

deceive

believe

retreat 短句认读

He is in such a deep sleep.

Can you increase the speed?

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Check the steering wheel? I feel such a sweet breeze in the field. Can you give him a kiss on the cheek? He seems to be asleep in the ship. Where do you want to preach the creed? Read the lease and sign the deeds. Please repeat the speech. It is just a cheap steel wheel. I see three sleeping geese in the field. I need more cheese.

长元音“i_e” 长元音“i_e”的代表字母和字母组合: i_e y ie igh 不间断音:b+ i_e=bi_e 26 个不间断音

bi_e

ci_e

di_e

fi_e

gi_e

hi_e

ji_e

li_e

mi_e

ni_e

pi_e

qui_e

ri_e

si_e

ti_e

vi_e

wi_e

xi_e

yi_e

zi_e

chi_e

shi_e

真词认读(1)

tri_e 真词认读(2)

dri_e

thi_e 真词认读(3)

rifle

prior

library

baptize

galvanize

minimize

trifle

fiber

primary

empire

memorize paralyze

stifle

tiger

finance

franchise

centralize

describe

rival

cipher

priority

tranquilize westernize prescribe

arrival

primer

hibernate

maximize

enterprise Americanize

dilate

giant

migrate

transcribe summarize sometime

digest

pious

tripod

tantalize

recognize

apologize

digress

lilac

bicycle

scandalize standardize moralize

bilingual

digestible

tricycle

satellite

humanize

subsidize

trilingual

baptize

microbe

sacrifice

modernize fantasize

philosophize empire

galvanize

minimize

philosophize sympathize

criticize

franchise

memorize paraliye

criticize

characterize

jeopardize tranquilize centralize describe

jeopardize capitalize

pressurize maximize

westernize prescribe

pressurize moralize

symbolize transcribe enterprize Americanize symbolize subsidize

emphasize tantalize

summarize sometime

emphasize fantasize

revolutionize scandalize recognize

apologize

revolutionize humanize

sympathize satellite

standardize capitalize

characterize modernize

短句认读

sacrifice

Out of sight, out of mind.

We had a good time on a wild night.

She is my bright child.

This is my fight in my life.

I drank five glasses of wine last night.

This is just the right time.

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What a bright night! It is just a little harmless white lie. I often ride a bike to school. We had a big fight last night. Can you stay by my side? This isn’t a right size for my child. I wish I could fly in the sky. Don’t cry, my child.

实用文档
Just write her a nice letter. Rain or shine. She is not my wise wife. Can you fly a kite in the sky? Mike has such a nice sweet smile. He might be in his prime time. Sam might be right. Don’t bribe a child.

长元音“o_e”

长元音“o_e”的代表字母和字母组合: o_e oa ow o oe 不间断音: b+ o_e=bo_e

26 个不间断音

bo_e

co_e

do_e

fo_e

go_e

ho_e

jo_e

lo_e

mo_e

no_e

po_e

quo_e

ro_e

so_e

to_e

vo_e

wo_e

xo_e

yo_e

zo_e

cho_e

sho_e

tro_e

dro_e

tho_e

真词认读(1)

真词认读(2)

真词认读(3)

moment

focal

boaster

moaning

narrow

buffalo

locust

total

coaster

floating

shallow

potato

locus

social

roaster

boating

gallows

tomato

focus

local

toaster

loading

sallow

tango

gofer

logo

boater

loader

shadow

solo

sober

solo

boastful

poacher

fellow

echo

donor

mojo

roaming

loather

barrow

memo

motor

token

coaxing

moaner

pillow

Kilo

molar

tonus

coating

roamer

widow

video

polar

rodent

loafer

telescope

swallow

radio

solar

rodeo

loathing

microscope repose

propose

Polish

roman

toasting

telephone

expose

interpose

coordinate rotate

soaking

headphone depose

impose

cooperate

sodium

loadable

suppose

dispose

oppose

coworker

podium

Poland

compose

短句认读

Go home to impose.

ET phone home。

So old to propose. No hope to expose the host.

Show me the gold。 To feel cold in the boat。

Gold coast to compose. Make a toast to the host. Holy ghost。 I know how to tow Joe’s slow boat. Joe knows the owner of the boat.

Step on my toe。 He chose some rose for Rose。 Who wrote those prose。 Close the road。 A moaning goat。

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Rose grows so slow in the snow. Throw Joe his coat. No joke on the road.

Show Joe the toad。 Wind blows the snow。 A floating boat。

长元音“u_e” 长元音“u_e”的代表字母和字母组合: u_e ue ew 不间断音:b+u_e=bu_e 不间断音

bu_e

cu_e

du_e

fu_e

gu_e

hu_e

ju_e

lu_e

mu_e

nu_e

pu_e

su_e

真词认读(1)

tu_e

vu_e

真词认读(2)

thu_e 真词认读(3)

nuclear

bugle

institute

numerous regulate

capitulate

nutrient

duty

destitute

university calculate

enthusiastic

tutor

funeral

verisimilitude universal

peculate

habituate

human

museum

attitude

universe

articulate gesticulate

humor

music

altitude

unique

multitude unilateral

mutual

nutrition

latitude

unity

assume

duplicate

tumor

numerous aptitude

ubiquitous resume

student

educate

第三部分: 五个普通元音

普通元音“ar” 普通元音“ar”的代表字母和字母组合: ar

不间断音: b+ar=bar 26 个不间断音

bar

car

dar

far

har

jar

lar

mar

par

quar

rar

sar

var

war

xar

yar

char

shar

trar

drar

真词认读(1)

真词认读(2)

market

martyr

archly

barnacle

target

smarter

starchy

cardiac

carpet

larder

sparkly

carcass

garden

harder

cargo

cardinal

harden

darker

embargo

charcoal

Darden

barker

Fargo

cardiology

carbon

barber

charming

carnival

farther

marker

darling

carpenter

garter

sparker

barbecue

cartoon

darter

Barkley

bargain

garlic

barley

army

barbarian gargle

hardly

Darby

department garnish

gar

nar

tar

zar

thar 真词认读(3)

garment

Marxism

garbage

marvelous

margin

harmonious

martial

Barnyard

marbles

barracks

harmony

carrot

harmonic

barrel

barren

tardy

barricade

hardy

barrier

barmy

barrow

harpy

carriage

farthest

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starkly

lardy

barbershop harmless

chargeable

普通元音“or” 元音“or”的代表字母和字母组合: or aw au 不间断音: b+ or=bor 26 个不间断音

bor

cor

dor

for

hor

jor

lor

mor

por

quor

ror

sor

vor

wor

xor

yor

chor

shor

tror

dror

真词认读(1)

真词认读(2)

border

Norman

corkage

formalize

porter

shorten

corporal

immortalize

sorter

formal

corpulent

formation

order

normal

dormant

Cordial

former

mortal

dormitory formula

corner

sordid

normality borderline

dormer

morbid

mortality

forthright

Mormon

orbit

formality

forthcoming

gorgon

torrid

normalize fortnight

cordon

torpid

portfolio

gor

nor

tor

zor

thor

真词认读(3)

morning

fortunate

mordant

fortress

moreover

forward

morpheme fortitude

morphology gorgeous

corporate

formidable

formulate portrait

mortgage

portray

normative sorghum

普通元音“ur”

普通元音“ur”的字母和字母组合: ur ir er ear (w)or 不间断音: b+ur=bur

26 个不间断音

bur

cur

dur

fur

hur

jur

lur

mur

pur

quur

rur

sur

vur

wur

xur

yur

chur

shur

trur

drur

真词认读(1)

真词认读(2)

dirty

furbish

hurdle

ferment

thirty

further

turtle

Bermuda

thirsty

murder

girdle

burbling

jerky

burner

burglar

fermentable

Gerber

murmur

turbo

fermentation

merger

earner

herder

gur

nur

tur

zur

thur

真词认读(3)

hurdler

learner

hurter

jerkins

hurler

girlish

gurgle

skirmish

turner

turbot

普通元音“ow” 普通元音“ow”的代表字母和字母组合: ow ou 不间断音: b+ ow=bow 26 个不间断音

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bow

cow

how

jow

pow

quow

vow

wow

chow

show

真词认读(1)

coward

tower

cowardly

chowder

dowdy

shower

nowadays drowning

powder

drowsing

powerful

drowsily

powerfully drowsiness

powerhouse townsman

powering

chowchow

towel

drowsy

dow

fow

gow

low

mow

now

row

sow

tow

xow

yow

zow

trow

drow

thow

真词认读(2)

真词认读(3)

bouncer

foully

founding

loudmouth

bouncing

loudly

fountain

bouncing

bouncy

lousy

foundation boundary

bounty

lousily

loudness

bounden

boundary bouncy

loudspeaker boundless

bounden

bounty

lousiness

bounteous

bounder

lounger

mountain

bountiful

boundless bouncer

mounting

powerless

bounteous bounder

pounding

founder

bountiful

普通元音“oo” 普通元音“oo”的代表字母和字母组合: oo 不间断音: b+ oo=boo 26 个不间断音

boo

coo

doo

hoo

joo

loo

poo

quoo

roo

voo

woo

xoo

choo

shoo

troo

真词认读(1)

真词认读(2)

cooker

rooster

lunar

booby

looker

booster

cookie

booty

booker

tooter

bookish

boozy

roomer

pooper

foolish

hooky

boomer

scooter

booking

loony

footer

snooper

cooking

loopy

goober

Spooner

looking

sooty

cooler

roofer

booming

toothy

hooter

puller

shooting

moody

hooker

ruler

mooting

goopy

Hooper

rumor

soothing

goody

Hoover

foo

goo

moo

noo

soo

too

yoo

zoo

droo

thoo

真词认读(3)

oozy

Rudy

roomy

Ruby

groovy

Judy

kooky

July

goofy

pulley

woody

looming

gloomy

loosen

Spooky

noodle

gooey

poodle

goosey

goodness

rookie

googol

普通元音“air” 代表双元音“air”的字母: air are ere 不间断音: b+are=bare 26 个不间断音

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bare hare pare vare chare
bare care dare fare

care jare quare ware share 真词认读(1) share ware glare snare

dare

lare

rare

xare

trare

真词认读(2)

air

mare

fair

pare

hair

rare

lair

pair

fare

gare

mare

nare

sare

tare

yare

zare

drare

thare

真词认读(3)

scare

chair

aware

flair

spare

stair

square

hare

普通元音“ear” 双元音“ear”的代表字母和字母组合: ear eer

不间断音: b+ eer=beer 26 个不间断音

beer

ceer

deer

feer

heer

jeer

leer

meer

peer

queer

reer

seer

veer

weer

xeer

yeer

cheer

sheer

treer

dreer

真词认读(1)

真词认读(2)

ear

tear

jeer

steer

rear

year

shear

peer

sneer

near

fear

clear

queer

here

sear

gear

smear

seer

mere

deer

dear

spear

cheer

leer

beer

hear

appear

sheer

volunteer

普通元音“oi”

双元音“oi”的代表字母和字母组合: oi oy 不间断音: b+ oi=boi

26 个不间断音

boi

coi

doi

foi

hoi

joi

loi

moi

poi

quoi

roi

soi

voi

woi

xoi

yoi

choi

shoi

troi

droi

真词认读(1)

真词认读(2)

boy

oil

coin

point

soil

coy

boil

join

moist

broil

soy

coil

noise

joist

spoil

joy

foil

poise

toil

joint

geer neer teer zeer theer 真词认读(3)
auctioneer cannoneer engineer mountaineer pioneer
goi noi toi zoi thoi 真词认读(3)
Roy toy ploy voice

特殊多音节词(1)

第四部分: 特殊多音节词

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由 “ic”组成的多音节词的重音问题

要点: 一般来讲,由“ic”结尾的多音节词的重音几乎全部落在倒数第二个音节上。

由“ic”结尾的多音节词(1)

由“ic”结尾的多音节词(2)

specific

optimistic

idiotic

diplomatic

geologic

pessimistic

deterministic

authentic

acrobatic

demonic

individualistic

enthusiastic

alcoholic

infrasonic

intergalactic

gymnastic

academic

harmonic

geographic

systematic

economic

nationalistic

atomic

linguistic

epidemic

democratic

autocratic

magnetic

idealistic

ironic

symbolic

特殊多音节词(2) 由 “sive”组成的多音节词的重音问题 要点: 一般来讲,由携带前缀的动词派生来的形容词其原有重读音不变。

由 “sive”组成的多音节词

aggressive

intensive

destructive

objective

defensive

offensive

constructive

perspective

decisive

extensive

effective

collective

excessive

attractive

productive

addictive

expensive

incentive

protective

特殊多音节词(3) 三个音节以上单词如何处理重音问题

要点:一般来讲,三个音节以上单词的重音几乎全部落在倒数第三个不间断音上。

三个音节以上的多音节词 三个音节以上的多音节词(2) 三个音节以上的多音节词

(1)

(3)

legitimate

habituate exhilarate expatriate

ubiquitous apostrophe

inveterate

gesticulate discrepanc expedient

topograph antipathy

invigorate

gastronom y

equilibrium

y

anthropolog

intoxicate

y

degenerate empirical

tautologica y

hegemony

galvanize debilitate elucidate

l

antithesis

hereditary

fabricate decimate duplicity

telepathy affiliate

hallucinate escalate fidelity

coordinate

revivify

acidulous

hermaphrodit ephemeral facilitate parathyroidectom asseverate assimilate

e

disseminat curriculum y

articulate aboriginal

contaminate e

benevolent velocity

apostatize unanimous

consecutive capitulate autonomy unilateral

subsidiary

conglomerate calamity astrology unequivocal

clemency

commiserate chimerical vicissitude verisimilitude

特殊多音节词(4) 由 “ous”结尾的多音节词的重音问题 要点: 在认读由“ous”结尾的多音节词时,切记不要把“ous”和前面的元音划在一起,否

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则重音的确认将会出现问题。

由“ous”结尾的多音节词(1)

ambiguous

mysterious

ambitious

nutritious

conspicuous

fictitious

contemptuous

conscious

continuous

unconscious

courageous

subconscious

impetuous

religious

hilarious

hilarious

由“ous”结尾的多音节词(2)

gregarious

adventurous

supercilious

ubiquitous

simultaneous

anonymous

spontaneous

glamorous

superstitious

solicitous

advantageous

autonomous

tenacious

tremendous

about above abuse accept accord account accuse achieve across adapt attend attract avail
because become before begin behave
combine commit commend commute compact compare compel compete comparable
concede conceive

address adhere adjust admit adopt advance advice affair affect affirm aware away await
beside betray between beyond beguile
complete comply compose compress comprise compute combust command compromise
confide confirm

前缀“a-”

afflict

alive

afford

allow

afraid

alone

against

along

ago

aloud

agree

amaze

ahead

among

alarm

amount

alert

amuse

alike

announce

attain

assume

attempt

attach

attack 前缀“be-”

bequeath

believe

berate

belong

beseech

below

besiege

beneath

behead 前缀“com-”

computer

companion

composer

commiserate

commander communicate

combustor compassiona

comfort

te

combat

compatible

comment

compensate

company

compensatio

n

前缀“con-”

consent

consume

conserve

contain

annoy apart apparent appeal appear applaud apply appoint approach approve avert avoid
belittle beloved bewildered bewitched
comparison commissione r competent complement compliment complicate compression
convert convey

around arrange array arrest arrive aside assault assert assess assist awake award
bestow bewail befuddled behind
common complex commune commute compile complain comprehend compass
consultant container

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concern conclude condemn condense conduct confer confess confine conscience contract conscious confederate conglomerat e congratulate congratulatio n congregate congregation
debar debate debug decay deceive decide declaim declare decline decease despair detach detail detain detect deter determine detest
disagree disappear disappoint disapprove disarm

conform confront confound confuse congeal congest connect connote confederatio n conference confession confidence confident confirmation confrontatio n confidential confiscate
decipher decrease decoy decrypt deduce deduct defeat defend defer define develop devise devote devour delighted despite decade desert
discharge disclaim disclose disconnect discount

consist

contend

consider

contest

console

continue

conspire

contrive

constrain

control

construct

convene

construe

converge

consult

converse

congenital consequent

congestion consequence

congestive conservative

congressman considerable

congruous considerate

connecticut consideratio

connection n

connotation considering

consecutive consolidate

consensus consolidation

convent

consonant

前缀“de-”

deflate

delay

defog

delight

defrost

deliver

defraud

deluge

default

demand

defy

demean

degrade

demise

degree

demolish

deject

denote

delete

denounce

decadent

delirious

decadence demonstrate

deciduous demonstratio

dedicate

n

decimal

departure

decision

depreciate

decisive

depressive

declassify

前缀“dis-”

disguise

disperse

disgust

displace

disjoin

display

dislike

dispose

dismay

dispute

convict convince convoke concise content contrite contempt consistent conspicuous conspiracy conspirator constitute constitution constitutiona l construction convertible congenial
deny depart depend depict deplete deplore deploy deport deposit depress destiny determinate detriment detrimental deviate detract devalue
distil distinct distort distract distress

controller contact contest context constant conflict congress conquest contaminate continent continuation continuous contribute contribution conversation consumption constructive contagious
deprive derail derive descend describe desert deceit deserve design desire deputy designate deficit delicious decimate depressing depression
discrete disorder discriminate discriminatio n

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disarray disbar disburse discern discard
educe effect effuse eject elate elect elapse eleven elicit elude
embattle embark embed embezzle
enable enact encage encode encroach enclose endanger
exact excess exotic extinct extreme exam extent expense example
incept incline
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discourse discover discrete discuss disgrace
emerge emit equip erase erect erode erupt escape estate evade
embroider empty empire

dismiss

disregard

dismount

disrupt

dispatch

dissect

dispel

dissent

dispense

dissolve

前缀“e-”

event

electricity

evict

eliminate

evoke

elucidate

evolve

elusive

elaborate

elusion

elastic

emancipate

elevate

emotion

element

emotional

elementary evacuate

election

evaluate

前缀“em-”

emplace

emperor

employ

empress

empower

embody

distrust disturb distance distant discreet
evaporate evasive eventual emergency emigrate emigration eminent educate economy economics
emphasize empirical emphasis

distinction distinguish distribute
eccentric economical edifice editor effective efficient establish emergent eligible
embrace embroil embassy

endure enforce engage engrave engulf enhance enjoy
exceed excel except exchange excite exclaim exclude excuse exempt

前缀“en-”

enrich

entreat

enroll

entrench

ensure

entrust

ensue

envision

entail

entangle

entire

encounter

entice

encumbe

前缀“ex-”

exhale

explode

exhaust

exploit

exhibit

explore

exist

export

expand

expose

expect

express

expel

extend

expend

extort

expire

exert

前缀“im-”

endorse endow enlist enquire endear

entreat entrench enlighten entitle enlarge

exaggerate exaggeration examination exchangeable excursion execute execution exertion expert

experience explicit external exercise experiment extract extrude explain

infest infer

inlay inquire

前缀“in-” insult intact

invert invest

innocent integrate

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include increase incur indent induce induct indulge infect

inflict inflame inflate inflect inform inhabit inhale inherit

anger cancer manner scanner spanner banner canter packer lacquer cracker thunder blunder muster bluster cluster

slacker slander cander gangster transfer grammer hanger acter facter tracter upper supper utter butter shutter

desolation punctuation generation destination population transportatio n demonstratio n

plantation legislation investigation domination occupation education nomination

lantern pattern happen barren sadden madden

melon felon beckon lesson lemon reckon

vanish banish

Kurdish Danish

insane

inland

insert

intend

insist

intense

inspect

intent

inspire

intrigue

install

intrude

instead

invade

instruct

invent

后缀“-er”

janiter

bett

chapter

lett

rattler

ledg

scamper

tell

barrier

sell

caliber

sett

passenger cent

calender

ent

bacheler

gend

plunder

tend

under

slend

bunker

sputt

hunger

clutt

hunter

lust

invite invoke involve indeed inside in-depth indicate innovate
cind hind ging ling sinn winn inn spinn singul wint slumb lumb numb plumb

后缀“-tion”

modernizatio revolution

n

dedication

filtration

communicati

suffocation on

federation connection

fabrication separation

graduation deliberation

ventilation immigration

constitution declaration immunizatio n liberation elevation estimation

后缀“-ern,-en,-on ”

bitten

blacken

sicken

flatten

loosen

slacken

weaken

fatten

brighten

worsen

whiten 后缀“-ish”

publish

blandish

rubbish

famish

cheapen straighten sharpen tighten lighten
Irish Scottish

intimate intoxicate institute investigate invigorate
lock rock socc doct pond conqu shopp hopp logg chopp stutt gutt cumb
inspection televition benediction obligation justification decoration
thicken stiffen quicken kitten widen
Turkish punish

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Spanish British Jewish

lavish ravish

tragic traffic panic Slavic plastic

frolic toxic tonic conic republic

pacify ratify gasify satisfy magnify classify testify edify fatty snappy smoky snowy hardy corny

shaggy happy brandy handy candy bandy cranky shanty scanty sexy cloudy roomy gloomy

regulate educate peculate desolate decorate hesitate dedicate delicate

delegate emigrate destitute desperate generate celebrate devastate escalate

baptize empire franchise tranquilize maximize transcribe Americanize

tantalize scandalize satellite sacrifice minimize paralyze describe

atomic idiotic

optimistic pessimistic

sluggish lumpish

polish snobbish

Polish Swedish

foolish radish

单个辅音结尾的单词

rabbit

candid

habit

rapid

tacit

valid

profit vomit

solid gossip 后缀“-y”

sketchy

tinny

density

lofty

entity

foggy

brevity

stocky

chemistry blotchy

melody

bulky

felony steady

dusty stumpy

itchy shifty

sunny dumpy

worthy

gastronomy

earthy

mortality

sturdy

normality

civic ironic optics tonsil
husky musty stuffy stubby muddy rugby ugly grumpy jumpy hubby wary hegemony weary

topic logic comic nostril
touchy rainy tasty hasty leafy sneaky cheeky dreamy seedy mighty horny dirty murky

后缀“-ate”

bellicose

degenerate

envelope

debilitate

gesticulate decimate

legitimate exhilarate

inveterate elucidate

invigorate coordinate

intoxicate facilitate

habituate 后缀“-ize”

galvanize

apologize

memorize moralize

centralize subsidize

westernize fantasize

enterprise philosophize

summarize criticize

prescribe

sometime

后缀“-ic”

intergalactic symbolic

geographic naturalistic

expatriate contaminate conglomerat e commiserate capitulate estimate legislate
symbolize emphasize revolutionize sympathize characterize capitalize
graphic panic

asseverate articulate apostatize fabricate hallucinate demonstrate lemonade
humanize modernize jeopardize pressurize recognize standardize
idealistic deterministic

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ironic specific geologic acrobatic alcoholic
active massive aggressive attractive
ambiguous ambitious conspicuous contemptuou s continuous
cautionary discretionary fragmentary momentary monetary contrary granary primary
airless flawless useless meaningless speechless
armful bagful mouthful glassful spoonful bottleful handful
accessibility eligibility legibility

demonic infrasonic nationalistic democratic
affective effective excessive expensive
conscious unconscious subconscious religious hilarious gregarious
mercenary customary honorary imaginary inflationary precautionar y preliminary
motionless spotless careless helpless nameless
pocketful bucketful roomful thankful teaspoonful cupful careful
responsibilit y plausibility

autocratic socialistic

diplomatic periodic

authentic

classic

enthusiastic organic

gymnastic prophetic

后缀“-ive”

objective

defensive

extensive

detective

perspective decisive

collective

constructive

后缀“-ous”

advantageou impetuous

s

mysterious

tenacious

nutritious

adventurous fictitious

ubiquitous courageous

anonymous

后缀“-ary”

secondary incendiary

solitary

literary

subsidiary legendary

temporary military

dignitary

necessary

voluntary luminary

arbitrary

missionary

auxiliary

secretary

后缀“-less”

endless

listless

restless

stainless

lifeless

wireless

seedless

hairless

regardless relentless

后缀“-ful”

dutiful

harmful

helpful

painful

hopeful

shameful

joyful

successful

peaceful

awful

playful

grateful

plateful

后缀“-ibility”

visibility

audibility

credibility feasibility

artistic automatic systematic linguistic magnetic

individualist academic economic epidemic harmonic

invective productive protective offensive

intensive incentive addictive destructive

solicitous autonomous tremendous glamorous

simultaneous spontaneous superstitious supercilious

visionary vocabulary dictionary probationary proprietary sanitary

contemporar y extraordinar y ordinary hereditary

childless hopeless powerless thoughtless tactless

motherless spineless brainless heartless harmless

fruitful lawful wrongful wonderful boastful cheerful

powerful tactful useful graceful boxful houseful

tangibility possibility

susceptibility invincibility

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辅音浊化

元音字母组 sp Sc,sk,sch squ 合

st

str

发音 例词

sb

sg

sgw

sd sdr

Spider Skill squabble Star String

space Scare square Start straight

school

study

发音一样的双写和不双写后缀的听写问题,后缀与前面的不间断音之间有辅

音隔开则是非双写后缀,否则是双写的后缀

bble

ble

ddle

dle

ffle

fle

ckle

cle

ggle

gle

cabble

candle

fiddle

确定重音;

1.一个单词含有三个以下(一个、两个或者三个)整体音时,重音在第一个整体音上。如:

`ba rot, `tea cher, `pa ket.

2.如果单词含有三个或者三个以上整体音,重音在倒数第三个整体音上。如:`re la tive, `le gi

ble,

e `li gi ble, `ne ga tive, `me lo dy, `fe lo ny, `me mo ry, `fo cu s, `be ne fi t.

注意弱读:不在重音上的整体音需要弱读。

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