高一语法专题：一般将来时被动语态 一、意义 将来时的被动语态表示： 1. 动作发生在将来。 2. 强调动作的承受者，或不能或无须体积提及动作的执行者。 二、结构 1、常用结构 肯定句：shall /will /be +过去分词 e.g. The 30th Olympic Games will be hosted by London in the year 2012. 否定句: not 置于 shall /will 之后 e.g. He will not be sent there tomorrow. 疑问句式: 疑问词 + will /shall + 主语 + be +过去分词 e.g. When will the SARS patient be operated on? 2、其他结构 表示将来意义的被动结构还有： (1) be going to be done (2) be to be done (3) will（shall）＋get ＋done e.g. Some old buildings are going to be put down． The 29th Olympic Games is to be held in Beijing in 2008． The workers will get paid before the end of December. 三、注意事项 使用一般将来时的被动语态时，应注意以下两点：
1．在时间、条件状语从句中，应使用现在时表示将来时。同样，应使用现在时的被动语态 表示将来时的被动语态。例如： He says he will leave the company if he is punished for this． 2．使用一般将来时被动语态时，学生易遗漏被动式中的 be。例如： 【误】A new film will shown at the cinema next week． 【正】A new film will be shown at the cinema next week． 【误】Is this bridge going to completed before the end of this year？ 【正】Is this bridge going to be completed before the end of this year？ 四、专题练习 A.Turn the following sentences into Passive Voice. 1.They will give her a gold medal. 2.The construction workers will put down the old temple. 3.They will read The Music of Chance by Paul Auster. 4.The rabbits will eat the carrots. B.用被动语态对下列句子画线部分提问 1. They will build many new sport venues for the Beijing Olympic Games. 2. Millions of people will watch the final match on TV. 3. John will carry the Canadian flag at the opening of the Olympic Games. 4. The government will spend almost 100 million Yuan on this programme. C.用适当的形式填空 More and more students will study in our school, so it _________ (become) much larger. The engineers ____________ (design) a project now. a new building ___________(set) up. The playground _______________ (rebuild). New equipment ___________ (buy) When the project _______________ (finish). More books ____________(keep) in the library. We can _______
(enjoy) reading in the bright reading room. There ________(be)many trees and flowers in the school. We ___________ (see) a beautiful and modern school next year. D.翻译 1. 这条裙子太漂亮了! 会有很多女孩儿喜欢的！ 2. 他一到达这个城市就会被认出。 3. 这项工作很快就完成了。 4. 我们不会受到邀请。 附：习题答案 A. Turn the following sentences into Passive Voice She will be given a gold medal. The old temple will be pulled down. The Music of Chance by Paul Auster will be read. The carrots will be eaten by the rabbits. B. 用被动语态对下列句子画线部分提问 What will be built for the Beijing Olympic Games? Where will the final match be watched by millions of people? By whom will the Canadian flag be carried at the opening of the Olympic Games? How much money will be spent by the government on this programme? C. 用适当的形式填空 will become, are designing, will be set, will be rebuilt, Will be bought, is finished, Will be kept, enjoy, will be, will see, D.翻译 What a beautiful skirt! It will be loved by many girls.
He will be recognized as soon as he arrives at this city. The work is going to be done soon. We will not be invited.