2019年人教版高中英语必修1Unit 2 English around the world Learning about Language课件共28张PPT语文_图文

Unit 2 English around the world
Discovering useful words and expressions

Ⅰ. Match the new words and expressions with their meanings.

⒈ petrol ⒉ voyage

A. who or what somebody or something is B. a word for gas in British English

⒊ gradually

C. not sudden

⒋ frequently

D. in fact

⒌ identitly

E. the second of two things or people already mentioned

⒍ the latter

F. often

⒎ actually

G. long trip by sea or in space

⒏ fluent

H. able to speak or write a language well

Ⅱ. Complete this passage with the words from the Warming Up and Reading.
It is not easy for a Chinese person to speak English as _f_lu_e_n_t_ly_ as a _n_a_t_iv_e_ English speaker. One reason is that English has a large _v_o_c_a_b_u_l_a_r_y . It also has different usage in different English speaking countries. If you use “flat” instead of “_ap__a_rt_m__e_n_t”, people in America will know you have learned British English. If you use the word “_e_l_e_v_a_to_r_” instead of “lift” in Britain, people will know you have studied American English.

Ⅲ. Add these phrases to the rhyme so that it makes sense.
such as make use of because of come up at present
“Will you _c_o_m_e__u_p__ to my flat?” asked the spider to the fly. “_A_t_p_r_e_s_e_n_t it’s so pleasant to look down from so high. _B__ec_a_u_s_e__o_f __ the clear sky it’s possible to see buildings _s_u_c_h__a_s_ theatres and hotels by the sea. So won’t you please __m_a_k__e_u_s_e_o_f__ this chace to look?” The fly agreed immediately without a second thought. But as soon as she went up with a step so light that day, the spider caught and ate her and she was never seen again! Then read the rhyme aloud and mark the sense groups.

Ⅳ. Sometimes British and American people use different prepositions for the same idea. Choose a pair of prepositions. Then compare them.
at / on, past / after, in / on, from / than
⒈ There are so many people _i_n_/__o_n_ the street. ⒉ They are going to have a party _a_t__/ _o_n__ the weekend. ⒊ We will leave for the airport at a quarter _p_a_s_t_/_a_f_t_e_r_ five. ⒋ His brother is _i_n_/__o_n_ the most famous football team in England. ⒌ As we know, British English is a little different _f_ro_m__/__th_a_n__ American
English. ⒍ Are there many children playing _i_n__/ _o_n_ the playground?
Do you know which usage is British English and which is American?

Compare

British in at past from

American on on
after than

Discovering useful structures
Ⅰ. Can you find the following command and request from Reading? Let’s see how to retell them in direct speech.
EXAMPLES: “Look at this example,” the teacher said to us.
The teacher told us to look at that example.
“Would you like to see my flat?” she asked.
She asked me to see her flat.

Ⅱ. In English you use a command or a request when you want someone to do something. Please look at the three sentences and tell the difference.

Not polite Open the window.

polite

Please open the window.

Very polite

Would you please open the window?

Ⅲ. Look at these expressions and classify them into Commands and Requests.
C Correct your spelling mistakes. R How do you spell that, please? C Do that now! R Would you please speak more slowly? C Go and buy some more petrol! R Please… C Go and …! R Can I please …? R Can I sit here and wait for the doctor? R Would you please…? C Hold that elevator! C Say that again! R Could you repeat the sentence? C Take the dog for a walk!

Ⅲ. Read these sentences and decide which is a command and which is a request. Then retell them in indirect speech.
R ⒈ The children said to their teacher: “Would you please sing a song for us?” The children asked their teacher to sing a song for them.
C ⒉ The mother said to her child: “Turn off the radio.” The mother told her child to turn off the radio.
R ⒊ The dentist said to a patient: “Open your mouth please, so I can see the bad tooth clearly.” The dentist asked his / her patient to open his / her mouth so that he / she could see the bad tooth clearly.
R ⒋ The secretary said to the woman on the phone: “Could you hold on for a minute?” The secretary asked the woman on the phone to hold on for a minute or two.
R ⒌ John said to his classmate: “Can I borrow your pen please?” John asked his classmate if he could borrow his pen / to lend him his pen.
C ⒍ The teacher said to his student: “Come up to my office!” The teacher told his student to go up to his office.

直接引语变间接引语(Ⅱ)
——请求和命令
在第一单元中我们学习了陈述句和疑问句的直接引语变间接 引语的用法, 本单元主要学习祈使句的直接引语变间接引语的用 法。试着将下面句子变为间接引语:
1. “Put your coat in the closet, please,” she said to him. → She asked him to put his coat in the closet. 2. The father said to his children, “Don’t move! ” →The father told his children not to move.

【考点1】祈使句的直接引语变间接引语 祈使句的间接引语形式多采用“动词+宾语+动词不定式”结构。 常见的引述动词有ask, tell, beg, warn, advise, order等与 remind, suggest等。
1. 引述表示命令的祈使句, 常用tell, order等转述。例如: ① “Repeat it three times,” the teacher said to her.
→The teacher told her to repeat it three times.

② “Stop talking!” the monitor said to the class. →The monitor ordered the class to stop talking.

2. 引述表示建议、劝告的祈使句, 可以用advise, suggest等 词转述。 ①She said to us, “Please have a rest. ”
→She advised us to have a rest. ②He said, “Let’s go to the cinema. ”
→He suggested their going to the cinema. He suggested that they (should) go to the cinema.

3. 引述表示请求的祈使句, 常用ask, beg等词转述。 ① “Don’t take off your coat, please ”she said to her sister.
→She asked her sister not to take off her coat. ② “Give it to me, please,” Wei Fang said to him.
→Wei Fang asked him to give it to her.

4. 引述表示警告或提醒的祈使句用remind, warn等词转述。 ① “Be careful of the dog” she said to the children.
→She reminded the children of being careful of the dog. ② The old man said, “Don’t smoke in the hall, young man.”
→The old man warned the young man not to smoke in the hall.

【考点2】一般疑问句的直接引语变间接引语 若直接引语中的一般疑问句是由表示委婉语气的would, could等构成的疑问句, 转换为间接引语时句子的谓语动词 常用asked。例如: ① “Would you buy some bread for me? ” he said to her.
→He asked her to buy some bread for him.

②“Would you sleep and get up early, children? ” Father said. →Father asked the children to sleep and get up early.

【考点3】感叹句的直接引语变间接引语 直接引语是感叹句时, 间接引语可以用what或how引导, 也可 以用that引导。 She said, “What a lovely day it is! ”
→She said what a lovely day it was. (或:She said that it was a very lovely day. )

She said, “How fast he is running! ”
→She said how fast he was running. (或:She said that he was running very fast. )

Ⅰ. 句型转换 1. “Give me a hand, please,” he said to her. →He asked her to give him a hand. 2. Lily said to Tom, “Please remember to answer the letter as soon as possible.” →Lily reminded Tom to remember to answer the letter as soon as possible. 3. “Don’t touch anything on show,” the guide said to us. →The guide told us not to touch anything on show. 4. He said, “If the boy refuses to help, tell his father.” →He advised me to tell his father if the boy refused to help. 5. “Shut the door when you leave, ”he said. →He told me to shut the door when I left.

6. The teacher said, “You should keep on doing it. ” →The teacher suggested that I should keep on doing it. 7. Li Hua said, “What about going to the cinema this afternoon? ” →Li Hua advised us to go to the cinema that afternoon. 8. Jane asked, “Can you tell me the way to the station, Tom? ” →Jane asked Tom whether he could tell her the way to the station. 9. John said, “Would you please help me with my homework, Alice?” →John asked Alice whether she would help him with his homework. 10. “Let’s have supper now,”he said. →He ordered us to have supper then.

Ⅱ. 完成句子 1. He told the boy not to make any noise (不要制造噪音). 2. They asked the singer to sing them a song again (为他们再唱一首歌). 3. The teacher told the students to be quiet (安静). 4. All the people cried how beautiful the clothes were (多么漂亮的衣服). 5. The teacher told me to write a letter to my parents (给我的父母写一封信). 6. The chairman told us to keep silent (保持安静). 7. The assistant asked you to repeat what you had said (重复你说的话). 8. The teacher told me to make sure that the door was open (门开着). 9. Mother told me to come back before 10: 00 (十点之前回来). 10. She asked her friend not to smoke here (不要在这里吸烟).

11. Sarah was driving too fast, so I asked her to slow down (慢下来).
12. Sam had a bad cold, so the doctor told him to stay in bed for a few days (在床上躺几天).
13. The policeman asked what was the matter with (怎么了)the old woman. 14. My teacher advised me to take a rest (休息一下). 15. My friend encouraged me to take a long vacation (鼓励我休一个长假). 16. Dad reminded me not to forget to visit Mr Li (不要忘了拜访李先生). 17. The judge ordered Mr. Silverman to stop smoking (停止吸烟). 18. Bill warned me not to touch that hot pot (不要碰那个热锅). 19. Dr. Miller advised Steve to do / take more exercise (多锻炼). 20. Mr Li permitted the children to have (允许孩子吃) a cookie and a glass
of milk.

Homework:
Finish No. 1 & 3 on page 49.

Page 49, exercise 1 & 3

Ⅰ. Work with a partner to complete the word puzzle. Use the

clues to help you.

⒈ agreed, said or done by the government ⒉ like a line or road that goes in one direction ⒊ national, local way of pronouncing words ⒋ a polite way of asking for something ⒌ the way that the words are used in a language ⒍ of the large central part of the USA

official straight accent request usage midwestern

⒎ someone’s name or a strong feeling of being
part of a group, race, etc ⒏ a powerful flash of light in the sky ⒐ the way in which a word is spelled ⒑ truck

identity lightning spelling lorry

⒒ frequently

Ⅲ. Translate the following sentences into English, using the words and expressions in brackets.
⒈ Visitors are requested not to take photos in the museum. ⒉ Deng Xiaoping played an important part in developing the
economy in China.
⒊ The reporter asked the writer who he based his characters on. ⒋ “I’ll be wearing a long red coat so you’ll be sure to recognize
me,” she said.
⒌ Go along the road for three blocks and then turn right. You’ll
see the hospital on your left.
⒍ We have a lot of work to do, so we have to make good use of our
time.
⒎ He went straight to New York, without stopping in Hong Kong. ⒏ Rains are frequent in this city in early summer.


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