Unit 3 1. Text Young William Shakespeare Thought Questions: 1. What do you know about Shakespeare? What amusing anecdotes did you learn about Shakespeare? 2. Does the world really know much about his personal life? 3. Does Shakespeare show his talent in his early years?


Thought Questions:
4. Is Shakespeare diligent in his studies? 5. Is he pleased with Stratford, his native place, as a working environment? 6. What’s the main idea of this text?



Shakespeare’s grave


Shakespeare’s funerary monument in Stratford-upon-Avon


Shakespeare’s birthplace


Hall’s Croft


Stratford-upon-Avon’s clock tower


The Royal Shakespeare Theatre alongside the River Avon


Anne Hathaway’s cottage


A class discussion about William Shakespeare: His life and play writing 围绕课文和平时的阅读积 累到的知识

1.1 Retelling
? Shakespeare lived in the late 1500s and early 1600s. So little is known about his personal life. But many scholars attempt to unearth the details of his life. ? Jennifer Bassett, the writer of this text, tries to tell the world more imaginary anecdotes about Shakespeare, through the mouth of Toby, a fictional character, in her book The Life and Times of William Shakespeare.

1.1 Retelling
? Young Shakespeare, who lived in Stratford in a rural area in England, was a naughty boy like many other children. He liked to play tricks on his neighbors. But he showed a great interest in reading from his early childhood. He was always diligent in his studies.


1.1 Retelling
? Although he was not reconciled to the prospect of living in the countryside all his life, he had to get married at a young age, as arranged by his parents. ? This marriage brought him a couple of children, including two twins. He was temporarily bathed in the enjoyments of family life.

1.1 Retelling
? Occasionally companies of players would come to put on plays at Stratford. Shakespeare went to see the plays with great interest with his close friend Toby.


1.1 Retelling
? But he was not readily content with such a mediocre life. He wanted to leave away from home and try his destiny in London. ? However, his wife, Anne Hathaway, did not agree. They even quarreled about it. Shakespeare determined to leave without his family. He hoped Toby would go together with him.

1.1 Retelling
? So they went to seek a new life in London. As they were both strangers to the big city without having much money with them, they had to quickly find a job to support themselves. ? Shakespeare had a single-minded will to become an actor. So he started to work for the Queen’s Men at a small theatre called the Curtain. His friend Toby had to work with him, as he temporarily had no other means of living.

1.1 Retelling
? At first, Shakespeare played small parts in the plays. But he acted wholeheartedly. He buried himself in his work. In the meantime, he started to write plays. He made great efforts to train himself, acting devotedly, reading widely, meeting other writers, and making friends.


1.1 Retelling
? Later, he was invited to work for Lord Strange’s Men at the Rose theatre. In that theatre troupe, he got more chance of developing his career as an actor and playwright. Soon he became fairly famous in the profession and among the audience.


1.2 Structure of this text
This passage can be roughly divided into three parts: ? Part 1 (ll. 1-43) ? Part 2 (ll. 44-87) ? Part 3 (ll. 88-120)


1.3 Possible difficult words, phrases and sentences
(l. 12) ran like the wind ? 飞快跑走;迅速逃走; 风驰电掣般逃走 ? More examples: sleep like a log (sleep like a baby) 睡得香 drink like a fish 大量饮 酒


1.3 Possible difficult words, phrases and sentences
(l. 21) He lay back and put his hands behind his head. ? 他躺了下去,用双手 垫着后脑勺。


1.3 Possible difficult words, phrases and sentences
(ll. 36-37) We made lots of ? 我们有过很多打算, plans, but nothing ever 但都一无所成。 came of them.
come of: to happen as a result of sth 作为某个 事物的结果发生(或 产生)


1.3 Possible difficult words, phrases and sentences
(l. 56) I didn’t see much of Will’s wife. much: a large amount or to a large degree

? Have you seen/heard much of Polly (= often seen or heard about her) recently? ? Much of the city was destroyed in the attack.


1.3 Possible difficult words, phrases and sentences
? (l. 58) Soon there was another baby on the way. ? on the way: to be born ? 很快有一个婴儿要出 生了。


1.3 Possible difficult words, phrases and sentences
(ll. 59-60) …and then Will came running down the stairs. ? 参见前面提到的解释。


1.3 Possible difficult words, phrases and sentences
(ll. 75-76) Will said it was a stupid play, with not a word of poetry in it. ? 威尔说那个剧本非常 拙劣,没有一点儿诗 意。


Thought Questions:
1. What do you know about Shakespeare? What amusing anecdotes did you learn about Shakespeare? 2. Does the world really know much about his personal life? 3. What’s the main idea of this text? 4. Does Shakespeare show his talent in his early years?

Thought Questions:
5. Is Shakespeare diligent in his studies? 6. Is he pleased with Stratford, his native place, as a working environment?


1.4 概括课文大意
? 用自己的3~5句话,概括课文大意


1.5 朗读环节
朗读段落:ll. 90-99 要求: 1. 声音响亮 2. 发音地道 3. 连贯流利 4. 声情适切


1.6 笔头练习和课堂讨论
? pp. 37-40 ? D. Discussing topics (pp. 40-41)


1.7 答疑环节
? Any (good) questions?


? This passage tells about the writer’s visit to Stratford, a small town in England where Shakespeare was born. The writer visits many spots of historical interest in relation to Shakespeare. The writer spends a tiring but wonderful day.

2. Fast reading 2.1 Passage 1 2.1.1 Summary


More about Stratford (from Wikipedia)
? Stratford-upon-Avon (known locally as Stratford) is a market town and civil parish in south Warwickshire, England. It lies on the River Avon, 22 miles (35 km) south east of Birmingham and 8 miles (13 km) south west of Warwick. ? It is the largest and most populous town of the District of Stratford-on-Avon, which uses the term "on" to indicate that it covers a much larger area than the town itself. The estimated total population for those wards in 2007 was 25,505.

2.1.2 Exercise
? (pp. 41-42)


2.2 Passage 2 2.2.1 Summary
? The writer was a medical student. But he was more interested in writing. So when he worked as an intern(实习生)at St. Thomas’s Hospital, he was immersed in writing novels and got his first novel published during his last year in the hospital.


2.2.1 Summary
? After he graduated, he chose to make writing his profession. He went to Spain to put his mind to writing another book. In the following ten years, he experienced successes and failures. One of his successes was that his four plays were put on in London at the same time. He thus was not regretful about his choice.

2.2.2 Possible difficult words
(l. 3) high tea ? an English meal that includes light food and tea 包括清淡饭食和茶 的晚餐 (以前通常包 含肉食,多为体力劳 动者食用)


2.2.3 Exercise
? (p. 43)


2.3 Passage 3 2.3.1 Summary
? The writer and his girlfriend were drinking in a bar when they saw the well known writer Ernest Hemingway making a phone call at the end of the bar. ? Holding Hemingway in awe, they wanted to strike up a conversation with him. So the writer screwed up his courage to go up to Hemingway and invite him to join them for a drink at their table.

2.3.1 Summary
? Hemingway, being an extinguished novelist, was unassuming(不摆架子的)and accepted their invitation joyfully. After making the phone call, he came over to join them happily. ? Sitting together around the table, Hemingway and the pair of lovers had an amiable talk. After talking with them for a while, Hemingway had to leave because he had an engagement. To their surprise, Hemingway paid for all the drinks.

Gene Eliza Tierney (from Wikipedia)
? Gene Eliza Tierney (November 19, 1920 – November 6, 1991) was an American film and stage actress. Acclaimed as one of the great beauties of her day, she is best remembered for her performance in the title role of Laura (1944) and her Academy Award-nominated performance for Best Actress in Leave Her to Heaven (1945).

Gene Tierney


Audrey Hepburn(奥黛丽· 赫本) (from Wikipedia)
? Audrey Hepburn (born Audrey Kathleen Ruston; 4 May 1929 – 20 January 1993) was a British actress and humanitarian. Recognised as both a film and fashion icon, Hepburn was active during Hollywood's Golden Age. She has since been ranked as the third greatest female screen legend in the history of American cinema and been placed in the International Best Dressed List Hall of Fame.


2.3.2 Possible difficult words and sentences
(l. 26) Triumph TR2 ? A sports car which was produced by the Standard Motor Company in the United Kingdom between 1953 and 1955, during which time 8,636 cars were produced.



2.3.2 Possible difficult words and sentences
(ll. 27-28) “Get us the manifold pressure in one of those and you can really role.”

? 给我们车里注入几倍 的压力,你就能真正 地飞跑起来(?)。


2.3.3 Exercise
? (pp. 44-45)


3. Home reading The Best Playwright in England 3.1 Summary ? This passage, also written by Jennifer Bassett, continues to tell about Shakespeare’s play writing activities in London. By means of hard work and his talent, he became a successful playwright. He wrote many wonderful plays, such as The Merchant of Venice, Henry IV, and Romeo and Juliet. They were popular with the populace as well as the Queen.

(l. 64) In September we opened the Globe theatre.



3.2 Possible difficult sentences
(l. 10) Will was special— because he wrote the plays. ? 此处破折号的好处是 强调或凸显这个原因 状语从句,它能更多 地引起读者的注意


3.2 Possible difficult sentences
(l. 10) And what plays they ? 而且是多么了不起的 were! 剧本啊!
这是一个感叹句。意思 和用法这样理解:是 正面或积极的赞美, 是剧本写得好,所以 在what和play之间暗 含着一个正面或积极 的形容词,如 wonderful或good或 well-plotted。

3.2 Possible difficult sentences
(l. 46) Every year we took more and more plays to court at Christmas. ? 每年圣诞节,我们把 越来越多的剧本带到 宫廷演出


3.2 Possible difficult sentences
(l. 100) there's/here's the rub (literary) ? used when saying that a particular problem is the reason why a situation is so difficult ? 难就难在这儿。


3.2 Follow-up exercises
? (pp. 49-50)


? wikipedia


The End

Thank you for listening!



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