Module4 Great Scientists reading_图文

Module 4 Great Scientists
Introduction & Reading and Vocabulary

Introduction

What great scientists do you know?

Name: ____________________ Qian Xuesen Name: ____________________ Marie Curie Name: ____________________ Archimedes Albert Einstein Name: ____________________ Nationality: _______________ Yuan Longping Name: ____________________ Chinese Nationality: _______________ Polish Nationality: _______________ Sicilian Nationality: _______________ German / American Physics Major: ___________________ Chinese Nationality: _______________ Major: ___________________ Physics Physics, Mathematician Major: ___________________ Major: ___________________ Mathematical Physics Agriculture Inventions /discovers: Major: ___________________ Inventions /discovers: Inventions /discovers: Inventions /discovers: Chinese atom bomb __________________________ Inventions /discovers: Radioactivity __________________________ buoyancy 浮力 __________________________ relativity __________________________ hybrid rice they When did invent/discover: __________________________ When did they invent/discover: When did they invent/discover: When did they invent/discover: In 1964 __________________________ When did they invent/discover: __________________________ In 1898 About 240 BC __________________________ In 1905 __________________________ In 1970 __________________________

Introduction 1– Look at the following pictures and say what you know about them.

Qian Xuesen

钱学森:中国著名科学家,1911年12月11 日生于上海,1934 年毕业于上海交通大学 机械工程系,1935年赴美国研究航空工程 和空气动力学,1938年获加利福尼亚理工 学院博士学位。后留在美国任讲师、教授。 1950年开始争取回归祖国,受到美国政府迫 害,失去自由,历经5年于1955年才回到祖 国,1958年起长期担任火箭导弹和航天器研 制的技术领导职务。

曾任中国力学学会、中国自动化学会、中国
系统工程学会、中国宇航学会理事长、名誉 理事长等职。现任国防科学技术工业委员会

研究员、中国科技协会名誉主席等职。于
2009年31上午8时6分不幸逝世。

Marie Curie

居里夫人即玛丽居里(Marie Curie),是一 位原籍为波兰的法国科学家。她与她的丈夫 皮埃尔居里(Pierre Curie)都是放射性的早期 研究者,他们发现了放射性元素钋(Po)和镭 (Ra),并因此与法国物理学家亨利· 贝克勒 尔(Henry Becquerel)分享了1903年诺贝尔 物理学奖。之后,居里夫人继续研究了镭在 在化学和医学上的应用,并且因分离出纯的 金属镭而又获得1911年诺贝尔化学奖。

Archimedes

阿基米德(Archimedes,约前287—212), 诞生于希腊叙拉古附近的一个小村庄。他出 生于贵族,与叙拉古的赫农王(King Hieron)有亲戚关系,家庭十分富有。阿

基米德的父亲是天文学家兼数学家,学识
渊博,为人谦逊。阿基米德受家庭的影响,

从小就对数学、天文学特别是古希腊的
几何学产生了浓厚的兴趣。

当他刚满十一岁时,借助与王室的关 系,被送到埃及的亚历山大里亚城去 学习。亚历山大位于尼罗河口,是当 时文化贸易的中心之一。这里有雄伟 的博物馆、图书馆,而且人才荟萃, 被世人誉为“智慧之都”。阿基米德 在这里学习和生活了许多年,曾跟很 多学者密切交往。他兼收并蓄了东方 和古希腊的优秀文化遗产,在其后的 科学生涯中作出了重大的贡献。

公元前二一二年,古罗马军队入侵叙拉 古,阿基米德被罗马士兵杀死,终年七

十五岁。阿基米德的遗体葬在西西里岛,
墓碑上刻着一个圆柱内切球的图形,以

纪念他在几何学上的卓越贡献。

Albert Einstein

阿尔伯特· 爱因斯坦(Albert Einstein, 1879年3月14日-1955年4月18日),德裔 美国物理学家(拥有瑞士国籍),思想家 及哲学家,犹太人,现代物理学的开创者 和奠基人,相对论——―质能关系”的提 出者,“决定论量子力学诠释”的捍卫者 (振动的粒子)——不掷骰子的上帝。 1999年12月26日,爱因斯坦被美国《时代 周刊》评选为“世纪伟人”。

Introduction 2--Match the two parts.
Qian Xuesen Marie Curie Archimedes

Theory of Relativity
Father of China’s aerospace

discovered Radium

Stephen Hawking Father of integral calculus Albert Einstein A Brief History of Time integral calculus 【数】积分学 aerospace ['?r?,spes] 航空航天学

Introduction-2.Vocabulary Find out the words with their definitions. 1. the study of animals zoology

2. the study of plants botany
3. the study of all living things biology 4. the study of physical objects and

natural forces physics

5. the study of chemical processes in living

things

biochemistry

6. the study of the structure of substance and how they react with each

other

chemistry
genetics

7. the study of inherited characteristics in

living things

Introduction-2. Vocabulary

How do we call the persons who study these subjects?
? biology
? chemistry ? biochemistry

? botany
? zoology

? genetics
? physics ? mathematics

biologist chemist biochemist botanist zoologist geneticist physicist mathematician

Reading and Vocabulary

Reading and Vocabulary 1---Do you know any other Chinese scientists except Qian Xuesen? Do you know who is he?

袁隆平,汉族。1953年毕业于西南农学院, 分配到湖南安江农校任教。1964年开始杂 交水稻研究,1971年调入湖南省农业科学 院,1978年晋升为研究员,被评为全国劳 动模范。1995年当选为中国工程院院士, 现任国家杂交水稻工程技术研究中心主任。 袁隆平的籼型杂交水稻研究获我国迄今唯 一特等发明奖;湖南省委、省政府授予袁 隆平“功勋科学家”称号;

我国发现的国际编号为8117的小行星 被命名为“袁隆平”星;他先后荣获联合
国教科文组织“科学奖”和联合国粮农组

织“粮食安全保障荣誉奖”等8项国际奖励。

2001年获得首届国家最高科技奖。

Reading & Vocabulary-2. Look at the title and guess what it is about. 1. Will the passage be about something or about someone? 2. Do you think that the writer wrote about how the student studied in school? 3. Did the writer write about what he did when he grew up? Why?

Reading and Vocabulary 3---Read the text carefully and complete the following chart.
In his childhood He was ____________ educated in many schools and was given a nickname. He studied ___________. agriculture He began experiments in crop breeding. The results of his experiments ______________ were published in China.

_______________ From an early age He was interested in plants.
In college _____________ As a young __________ teacher In 1966

In 1970 A naturally sterile male rice plant ______________. was discovered rose by In the Chinese rice production __________ 1990’s 47.5 percent. ____________________ 50 thousand __________________ of the rice fields square kilometres were converted to growing vegetables and ________________ other cash crops Later Yuan Longping’s rice _______________ other countries. was exported to

Reading and Vocabulary 4--Read the text again and answer the questions below.
1. What was the key to feeding more people?

To have more rice and to produce it more quickly.
2. When did Yuan Longping make a breakthrough in his research?

In 1970.

3. What kind of student was Yuan Longping when he was young? He was a student with lots of questions and he was interested in plants. 4. What way did he think to produce rice more quickly? By crossing different species of rice plant, then he could produce a new plant which could give a higher yield than either of the original plants.

5. What did he discover? He discovered a naturally sterile male rice Plant. 6. How important was the discovery? ? Chinese rice production rose by 47.5% in the 1990’s. ? 50,000 square kilometres of rice fields were converted to growing vegetables and other cash crops.

?Yuan’s rice was exported to other countries. ? His rice’s yield is much greater than

the yield of other types of rice grown in
Pakistan.

Reading and Vocabulary 5--Find the main idea of each paragraph Para 1 In a hungry world, rice is a staple food.

Yuan Longping is a leading figure in
the rice-growing world.

Para 2 As a student, he liked to ask questions. Para 3 As a young teacher, he began experiments in crop breeding. Para 4 He discovered a new type of rice. Para 5 His discoveries have brought in great profit (收益).

Reading & Vocabulary - 6. Read the passage again and decide whether the statements are True of False. 1. China produces more rice than any other country. T 2. Yuan Longping asked a lot of questions at school. T 3. He developed a new kind of fastgrowing rice. T

4. The government helped him in his research. T 5. The new rice replaced vegetables in 50

thousand square kilometers.

F

6. The new rice is now grown in other countries, such as Pakistan. T

Reading & Vocabulary -7. Vocabulary Finish the exercises in Activity 3. Answer:

(1) crop
(5) feed

(2) breakthrough
(6) publish

(3) breed (4) support (7) producer (8) species (9) agriculture

Reading & Vocabulary -8. Vocabulary Finish the exercises in Activity 4. Answer 4: (1) B (2) B (3) A (4) B

(5) B

Reading and Vocabulary 9--- Post-reading Role-play
Suppose one of you is an experienced farmer who has been growing rice; One is professor Yuan and the other one is a reporter. Please talk about the influence of the new hybrid rice.

Tips: Figures The farmer Prof. Yuan In the past Nowadays In the future

Homework
?Review what you have learned. ?Get ready for the next period of class.


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