高一英语 课前作业 A 姓名_____班级____编制 时间_____编号_35__审批_____
课题：Unit 1 Grammar
【学习目标】 在了解限制性定语从句的基础上，探究非限制性定语从句的用法。 【重点难点】 掌握关系词在定语从句中的成分,从而选用适当关系词 【完成目标】
1.定语从句:在复合句中作定语修饰主句中某一______或_____的从句叫做定语从句.定语从 句分为__________和___________两类 . 限制性定语从句对先行词起修饰限制作用, 非限制 性定语从句对先行词起补充说明 2. 先行词:被定语从句修饰的词,叫做先行词 3. 关系词:引导定语从句的词叫做关系词.关系词分为关系代词(____,____,___, ___,____,_____等)和关系副词(___,____,_____等) 4. 关系词有三个作用:① 连接主从句② 指代先行词③ 在定语从句中充当一个成分 5. 关系副词和关系代词的判断方法 关系副词和关系代词的选择是根据先行词在定语从句中所做的成分而定的，若是做状语， 则用_________；若是做主语、宾语、表语或定语，则用_____________。 6 非限制性定语从句和主句关系不十分密切，只是对先行词作些__________,如果去掉,主句 的意思仍然清楚。这种从句和主句之间往往用_____分开,一般不用_____,_____引导.非限制 性定语从句中,关系词不可省略. 【归纳总结】 限制性定语从句 指代 充当成分 主语 人 宾语 物 属格词,指人,物 主语，宾语 定语 限制性定语从句 指代 充当成分 时间 地点 原因 way 时间状语 地点状语 原因状语 方式状语 关系副词 when where why that, in which, / 关系副词 when where ? whom, who, that that, which whose whom which whose 非限制性定语从句 关系代词 who, that 关系代词 who 非限制性定语从句
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1. 关系代词和关系副词在任何情况下都不能省略 2. who, whom, which 不能用 that 代替,也不能互相替换 3. when, where 可用于非限制性定语从句 目标三：非限制性定语从句中关系词的具体用法 1. 先行词指人,在定语从句中作主语时用 who. Yesterday I met Li Ping, who seemed to be very busy. 2. 先行词指人,在定语从句中作宾语时用 whom. Peter , whom you met in London, is now back in Shanghai. 3.先行词指物, 在定语从句中作主语,宾语时都用 which. which 可指代主句中某一名词或代 词,也可指代前面整个主句.which 引导的非限制性定语从句只能置于主句之后 Beijing, which is the capital city of China, has a very long history. He said he had never seen her before, which was not true. 4.whose 在定语从句中作定语,指人,物 The boy, whose father is an engineer, studies very hard. There is a lake at the foot of the hill, whose depth has never been measured. 5.when 在定语从句中作时间状语 He will put off the picnic until May 1st, when he will be free. 6. where 在定语从句中作地点状语 They went to London, where they lived for six months. 7. as 可以指代整个句子, as 在从句中作主语,宾语, 表语. 可位于句首,句中,句末. as “正如…,就像…” As is known to all, the moon travels round the earth once a month.(作主语) As we all know, the earth is round. (作宾语) She seems a scientist, which/ as in fact she is. (作表语) 8. 介词+关系代词的用法 In the dark street, there wasn’t a single person to whom she could turn for help. He lived in a big house, in front of which stood a big tree. 【注意】关系代词 as, which 的区别 1.as 引导的非限制性定语从句,既可在主句前,又可在主句后.which 引导的非限制性定语从句, 只能置于主句后. as, which 都可指代主句的整个内容. He failed in the exam, which/ as is natural. As we all know , the earth is round. 2. as 代表前面主句意思时， 有“正如…”之意， 而 which 没有此意思， 从句中的动词常是 expect, know, see, think, want, suppose 等。 He won the match, as we had expected. He agreed to the plan, as is expected. The police were looking for him, as he thought. 3. as 在从句中作主语时，后面常接行为动词的被动语态，如 be known，be said，be reported 等，如从句中行为动词是主动语态，一般要用 which 作主语。 She has been late again, as was expected. Tom has made great progress, which made us happy. 4. 如果从句的内容对主句内容起着消极作用，或者说导致的结果，则用 which. He came back late, which made his mother worried. 【课堂小结】 本节从知识上学到了什么？ 本节从方法上学到了什么？
Keep on going never give up! 勇往直绝不放弃！ 2
高一英语作业 B（课后） 姓名____班级____ 编制 时间_____编号 35 审批_____
一.单选 1. They have again invited me to visit their country, ________ is very kind of them. A. that B. which C. when D. where 2. ________ is known to all，water is an important kind of natural resource. A. As B. Which C. That D. What 3. The leader of the team is a 44-year-old Frenchman, ________ wife is also a team member. A. who B. whom C. which D. whose 4. I'm to fly to Kunming, ________ it is warm in this season. A. which B. as C. where D. when 5. He said he would come to my house to see me tomorrow afternoon, ________ I will have some other friends to play together. A. when B. where C. which D. whom 6. The house was full of children , ten of ______ were that old man's own grandsons A. that B. who C. whom D. whose 7. Our school has many laboratories , the largest of _____ was built last year A. that B. which C. when D. it 8. Our guide, _____was a Japanese, was a good cook. A. which B. whom C. who D. that 9. We walked down the village street, _______ the villagers were having market day. A. that B. which C. when D. where 10. A middle-aged woman killed her husband, ______ frightened me very much. A. that B. which C. when D. it 11 I have many friends, ________ some are businessmen. A. of whom B. from which C. who of D. of who 12 Jim passed the driving test, ________ surprised everybody in the office. A. which B. that C. this D. it 13 We will be shown around the city: schools, museums and some other places,________ other visitors seldom go. A. what B. which C. where D. when 14 The famous basketball star, ________ tried to make a comeback, attracted a lot of attention. A. where B. when C. which D. who 15 Have you seen the film Titanic, ________ leading actor is world famous? A. its B. it's C. whose D. which 16. Recently I bought an ancient Chinese vase, ________ was very reasonable. A. which price B. the price of which C. its price D. the price of whose 17 She heard a terrible noise, ________ brought her heart into her mouth. A. it B. which C. this D. that 18 I shall never forget the day ________ Shen ZhouⅤ was launched, ________ has a great effect on my life. A. when; which B. that; which C. which; that D. when; that
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19 This is the book I bought yesterday, ________ I spent 8 yuan. A. in which B. for which C. on which D. at which 20. There are two buildings, ________ stands nearby a hundred feet high. A. the larger B. the larger of them C. the larger one that D. the larger of which 二. 单句改错 1. When people talk about Hangzhou, the first comes to mind is the West Lake. 2. In the distance there is a hill, on the top of it stands a white temple. 3. The sun gives off light and warmth, that makes it possible for plants to grow. 4. In an open boat, the four men, one of them was a doctor, met with a storm on the sea. 三. 用适当的关系词填空。 1. I,________ is your good friend, will of course try my best to help you out. 2. He reached London in 1996,________ , some time later, he became a famous actor. 3. Mr Green will come to the party on Sunday, ________ he promised to every one of us. 4. The professor has two sons, both of ________ are teaching in the same university. 5. The film brought the hours back to me ________ I was taken good care of in that far away village. 四．完成句子 1. ________________ (众所周知), the moon travels around the earth once every month. 2. Jack has won the first prize, ________________ (像往常一样). 3. York, ________________ (我参观的) last year, is a nice old city. 4. Lucy and I made an appointment of an interview on Sunday afternoon, _______________ （到那时） I would be free. 5. She gave another piece of advice, ________________ (我认为) is of great help to the research work. 四. 把下列汉语翻译成英语。 1． 汤姆努力学习并乐于助人，这正是他父母所期盼的。 ____________________________________________________________ 2． 他们将乘飞机去昆明，在那里他们将呆两三天。 _____________________________________________________________ 3． 老人有两个女儿，其中一个是医生。 _________________________________________________________________
学生得分_______________ 【日期】_____月______日 【批语】_________________ 课前 1.名词，代词，限制性定语从句，非限制性定语从句 3.that, which, who, whom, whose, as ; when, where, why
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5. 关系副词， 关系代词 6.附加的说明，逗号，that, why 一. 1-5 BADCA 6-10 CBCDB 11- 15 AACDC 16--20 BBACD 二．1. 在 the first 后加 that。2. it 改为 which。3 that 改为 which。4. them 改为 whom。 三、 1. who 2. where 3. which 4. whom 5. when 四．1. As is known to everybody / all 2. as often happens / as usual 3. which I visited 4. by which time 5. which I think 五 1. Tom studies hard and is ready to help others, as his parents expect. 2. They will fly to Kunming, where they will stay for two or three days. 3. The old man has two daughters, one of whom is a doctor.
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