(外研版)选修六双基限时练【4】Module 1 Section Ⅳ(含解析)【精校版】

外研版精品英语资料(精校版) 双基限时练(四) Module 1 Section Ⅳ
基础夯实 Ⅰ.完成句子 1.The room ________ ________/________ ________ ________ ________ (需要打扫), but I have time only on Sunday. 答案 needs cleaning/to be cleaned 2.— Need I finish the work today? — No, you ________/________ ________ ________ (没有必要). 答案 don't have to/needn't/don't need to 3.My friend sent me the book, so I ________ ________ ________ (没有必要) write to him for it. 答案 didn't need to 4.— Must I tell Mary about it? — No, you ________/________ ________ ________ (没必要). I've told her already. 答案 needn't/don't need to/don't have to 5.Dr. Smith said that he ________ (需要) no payment for his journey. 答案 needed 6 . I got up early that morning, but I ________ ________ ________ (本不必做) so because I had no work to do. 答案 needn't have done 7.We ________ ________ (需要) make sure our plan was well carried out.

答案 needed to

8.I ________ ________ (需要人) help me out of this problem.

答案 need someone

9.I dressed very warmly for the trip but I ________ ________

________ (本没必要穿) so. The weather was very hot.

答案 needn't have dressed

10.Tom went to the station with the car to meet Jane, so she

________ ________ ________ (不必) walk back home.

答案 didn't need to

Ⅱ.单项填空

1.You look so beautiful, but it is quite an informal gathering,

you needn't ________ for it.

A. dress up

B. dress in

C. have dressed up

D. have dressed in

答案与解析 C 句意:你看起来很美,但这是一次很不正式的

聚会,你本没必要刻意打扮。dress up“盛装打扮;乔装打扮”;dress

in 通常用被动语态 be dressed in“穿着”。由句意知已经打扮完了,

故应用 needn't have done 表示“没必要做某事但做了”。

2.— Is it necessary for me to get up earlier to clean your car?

— No. You________, because I have told my son to do the job.

A. can't

B. mustn't

C. don't have to

D. ought not to

答案与解析 C don't have to 相当于 needn't,表示“没有必要

做某事”。

3.________me up so early. I don't have to go to school today and

I can sleep for more hours.

A. You needn't wake

B. You don't need to wake

C. You needn't have woken

D. You didn't need to wake 答案与解析 C 句意:你本来不必那么早就把我叫醒,今天我

没有必要上学,可以多睡一会儿。根据题干所处的时间背景看,“叫

醒”一事已经发生,所以此处要用 needn't have done,意为“不必做

某事而实际上已经做了”。

4.— You didn't wait for Mr. Black last night, did you?

— No, but we ________. He didn't return home at all.

A. couldn't have

B. needn't have

C. didn't need to

D. should wait

答案与解析 C 句意:——你们昨晚没等布莱克先生,对吗?

——是的,可是我们没必要等,他根本没回家。didn't need to“没必

要做,并且也没做”。

5.— Kate, I have washed all the dishes for you.

— Thanks, you ________ it. I still have enough time, so I could

manage it myself.

A. needn't have done

B. needn't do

C. shouldn't have done

D. mustn't do

答案与解析 A 句意:——凯特,我把所有的盘子都给你洗了。

——多谢了,你本不必这样做。我仍然有足够的时间,我能自己做。

have washed 说明动作已完成,needn't have done 表示:本没必要做

某事却做了。

6.We are now faced with a new problem involved in the

popularity of private cars ________ road conditions need ________.

A. which; to be improved

B. that; to be improved C. where; improved D. when; improved 答案与解析 B 句意:私家车的普及使我们面临一个新的问 题,即道路状况需要改善。that 引导同位语从句解释说明 a new problem;need 可以跟动名词或不定式的被动式表被动,即 need doing/need to be done。
语篇提能
Ⅲ.完形填空 I was recently invited to dinner by a friend. During the meal, the manager of the restaurant came __1__ and said our meal was free. He stood there __2__ at me and seemed a little __3__ to me but I couldn't quite remember him. __4__ I asked him if he knew me. He laughed and said I had probably __5__ him, but that I had changed his life. My friend was quite __6__ and asked him how I'd done this. He said twelve years ago he __7__ a stress management class which I was teaching. I asked the group what their number one __8__ was and most, including him, said it was their bosses. He said I listened __9__ and then took a chair and stood on it for a few moments. I __10__ everyone to do the same. Finally I asked them to __11__ how the room looked different when they __12__ their perspective (视角). Then I asked them to __13__ their bosses. He said I looked at him and asked if he had __14__ said “thank you” to his boss for the __15__ to earn a living and if he had ever __16__ his boss for teaching him skills and to be a better employee. “No,” he replied. He told me his __17__ changed that night. He __18__ his success

all to me for two reasons: I had __19__ him to look at life from

__20__ perspectives and I had taught him to express gratitude.

1.A. out

B. back

C. over 2.A. smiling

D. on B. pointing

C. knocking 3.A. similar

D. shouting B. attractive

C. strange 4.A. Immediately

D. familiar B. Finally

C. Suddenly 5.A. disliked

D. Firstly B. known

C. recognized 6.A. curious

D. forgotten B. anxious

C. happy 7.A. missed

D. calm B. prepared

C. attended 8.A. hero

D. heard B. stress

C. love 9.A. regretfully

D. trouble B. disappointed

C. doubtfully 10.A. forced

D. carefully B. forbade

C. invited 11.A. work on

D. warned B. think about

C. look into 12.A. changed

D. fill out B. noticed

C. found 13.A. remember

D. realized B. compare

C. respect 14.A. still

D. consider B. even

C. never 15.A. right

D. ever B. opportunity

C. solution 16.A. thanked

D. ability B. complained

C. understood 17.A. life

D. hated B. job

C. luck 18.A. exposed

D. company B. devoted

C. owed 19.A. ordered

D. added B. taught

C. allowed 20.A. different

D. persuaded B. every

C. special 答案与解析

D. same

语篇解读 本文是记叙文。作者和朋友在一家饭店就餐时,竟被

告知饭菜免费。原来经理多年前听过作者的一堂课,并从此改变了自

己的人生。

1.C 结合语境和常识可知,经理是向我们走过来,告诉我们

这桌饭菜免费。come over 意为“走过来”,符合语境。

2.A 由经理的言行再结合上下文的语境可知,经理的态度很

友善。因此应是向我微笑。

3.D 由后面一句“... but I couldn't quite remember him”可知,

经理对作者好像有一点儿熟悉,但作者并不记得他。similar 意为“相

似的”;attractive 意为“有吸引力的”;familiar 意为“熟悉的”。

4.B 由上一句可推断作者见到经理后并没有马上询问,而是 先尽力回忆在哪里见过他,最后才问是否见过面。
5.D 由上文“... I asked him if he knew me”可知,作者可能已 经忘记他了。
6.A 由朋友询问我是怎样改变他的人生的可知,朋友非常好 奇。anxious 意为“着急的”; calm 意为“镇静的”。
7.C 由后面的内容可知,他听了作者的一堂课。attend a class 意为“听课”。
8.B 由上文的 a stress management class 可知,这是一堂有关 压力调节的课,因此可推断作者问大家最大的压力是什么。
9.D 作者认真地听取了大家的回答。regretfully 意为“遗憾 地”;disappointedly 意为“失望地”;doubtfully 意为“怀疑地”。
10.C force 意为“强迫”; forbid 意为“禁止”; invite 意 为“邀请”; warn 意为“告诫;警告”,由句意可知选 C 项。
11.B 作者让大家通过站到椅子上来考虑一下换一种角度看房 间的不同感觉。think about 意为“考虑”; work on 意为“忙 于……”; look into 意为“调查”; fill out 意为“填(表格)”。
12.A 作者让大家变换角度看房间,以让他们明白在不同的位 置对同一事物有不同的感觉。
13.D 老板和员工所站的角度不同,作者以看房间为例,让大 家也考虑一下老板的感受。
14.D 作者问他是否曾经感谢过他的老板。ever 意为“曾经”, 符合语境。
15.B 老板给了他工作的机会,也是谋生的机会。 16.A 由上文可知,此处指感谢老板。

17.A 由第一段的“... but that I had changed his life”可推断, 这位经理的生活在那个晚上发生了改变。
18.C 由文意可知,他把自己的成功归功于我的一堂课。owe sth. to sb.意为“把……归功于某人”。
19.B 由上文可知,他是听了作者的课后才有所启发,也就是 作者教会他如何从不同角度看待生活和表达感激。
20.A 由第三段最后一句可知,选 different。 Ⅳ.阅读理解 Years ago a farmer owned land along the Atlantic seacoast. He constantly advertised for hired hands. Most people were reluctant to work on farms along the Atlantic. They dreaded (害怕) the awful storms that raged across the Atlantic, wreaking havoc (混乱) on the buildings and crops. As the farmer interviewed applicants for the job, he received a steady stream of refusals. Finally, a short, thin man, well past middle age, approached the farmer. “Are you a good farmhand?” the farmer asked him. “Well, I can sleep when the wind blows,” answered the little man. Although puzzled by this answer, the farmer, desperate for help, hired him. The little man worked well around the farm, busy from dawn to dusk, and the farmer felt satisfied with the man's work. Then one night the wind howled loudly in from offshore. Jumping out of bed, the farmer grabbed a lantern and rushed next door to the hired hand's sleeping quarters. He shook the little man and yelled, “Get up! A storm is coming! Tie things down before they blow away!” The little man rolled over in bed and said firmly, “No sir. I told

you, I can sleep when the wind blows.” Enraged by the response, the farmer was tempted to fire him on
the spot. Instead, he hurried outside to prepare for the storm. To his amazement, he discovered that all of the haystacks had been covered with tarpaulins (帆布,油布). The cows were in the barn, the chickens

were in the coops, and the doors were barred. The shutters were tightly secured. Everything was tied down. Nothing could blow away.
The farmer then understood what his hired hand meant, so he returned to his bed to also sleep while the wind blew.
1. Why did the farm owner fail to hire hands many times? A. Because he paid little for their work. B. Because no one wanted to work along the Atlantic. C. Because there often were storms on the Atlantic. D. Because he was waiting for the thin, short man. 答案与解析 C 从文章第一段中“They dreaded(害怕) the awful storms that raged across the Atlantic.”可知最直接的原因就是 风暴太多——加大工作的难度。

2. When the little man agreed to accept the job, the farm owner

felt________.

A. satisfied and happy

B. surprised but happy

C. confused but satisfied

D. puzzled and sad

答案与解析 B 文章第一段到第四段中分别说到起初“他总

是遭到拒绝”,因此对最终找到帮手应该感到高兴。但是这个受雇者

说到“我在刮风时可以睡觉”,这个回答让农场主感到奇怪。

3. What does the underlined word “enraged” mean in the

passage?

A. Rude.

B. Fearful.

C. Angry.

D. Shocked.

答案与解析 C 从文章前后可以看出:这个帮手拒绝在风暴中 收东西……农场主准备解雇他,说明农场主应该是极为生气。因此 A、 B 和 D 项均不符合语境。
4. What does the writer want to tell us? A. Never hire those who you don't understand. B. A man should keep his promise when he decides to do something. C. One should be friendly to others. D. Never judge a person from what he or she says. 答案与解析 D 通读全文我们不难看出,作者在故事始终都以 受雇者的话“我可以在风暴来临时睡觉。”贯穿全文,实际上是指 “我会在风暴来临前做完所有工作。”说明作者想告诉读者不要仅从 表面的言语判断一个人。


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