grammar (it的用法)book6 unit3_图文

1. It is never too old to learn.

活到老, 学到老。

2. It rains cats and dogs.

大雨滂沱

3. It never rains but it pours.

不鸣则已, 一鸣惊人。

4. It is a poor mouse that has only one hole.

1. It is never too old to learn. 2. It rains cats and dogs. 3. It never rains but it pours. 4. It is a poor mouse that has only one hole.

1. It is amazing that at my age I am still fit.

2. It is easier to fall than to rise.

3. It is no good crying over spilt milk.

4. I think it best that you should do more exercise.

5. He found it difficult to accustom himself to getting up early.

1. It is amazing that at my age I am still fit. 2. It is easier to fall than to rise. 3. It is no good crying over spilt milk. “It” can be used in the The subject subject position to stand for position _______, a clause ___________ an infinitive or _________. -ing form

4. I think it best that you should do more a clause exercise.

5. He found it difficult to accustom himself
to getting up early. an infinitive

The object position

1. It is amazing that at my age I am still fit. 2. It is easier to fall than to rise. “It” can be used in the 3. It is no good crying over spilt milk. subject or object position 4. I think it best that you should do more a clause exercise.to stand for ________, ___________ or an infinitive -ing form himself 5. He found it difficult to_________. accustom to getting up early.

1. It’s difficult to give up smoking. 2. Is it certain that they will win? 3. It is good learning without practice. 4. It is fun for him to study. 5. It’s a pity that our teacher can’t take part in our party. 6. It is suggested that we (should) arrive there in 2 hours.

1. It + is + adj./ n./ p.p. + infinite/ clause/ -ing form real subject
formal subject
clear, easy, true, difficult, certain, etc.

fun, a pity, a shame, no use / good, etc.
said, believed, decided, hoped, etc.

遵循英语语言 的尾重原则, 1. It’s difficult to give up smoking. 避免句子头重 2. It is fun for him to study. 脚轻。 3. It is suggested that we (should) arrive there in 2 hours.

2. … + verb + it + adj./ n. + infinite/ clause/ -ing form
real object

formal object

find, think, feel, believe, consider, make, etc.

1. Giving up smoking is difficult to do. It is __________________________ difficult to give up smoking. 2. Some young people think they look attractive when they smoke. that some young people think It seems _________________________ they look attractive when they smoke. _________________________________

3. Most people believe smoking causes cancer. It is believed _________________________ that smoking causes cancer.

4. Don’t try to quit on a stressful day.
trying to quit on a stressful day. It is no use ___________________________

5. China produces one third of the world’s cigarettes. It is astonishing _____________________ that China produces _______________________________ onethird of the world’s cigarettes. 6. You are not allowed to advertise cigarettes in this country. It is illegal __________________________ to advertise cigarettes in this ________ country.

7. My father has quit smoking at last.

that my father has quit It is wonderful _____________________ smoking at last. ____________________ 8. The night was dark and stormy when
the old man started his journey.

It was a __________________________ dark and stormy night when
_____________________________ the old man started his journey.

9. You could suffer from bad health if you keep smoking. that you could suffer from bad It is likely __________________________ health if you keep smoking. ________________________ 10. You have to take pills to control your

blood pressure.
It is necessary _____________________ for you to take pills to

_________________________ control your blood pressure.

In this sentence, what does “it” refer to?

8. It was a dark and stormy night when the old man started his journey.
“It” is can be to talk In this sentence, “it” used

about time.

used in another way?

1. It is a beautiful day.

2. It never rains but it pours.

3. It was time to quite smoking.

4. It is 10 kilometers to the castle.

5. It takes all sorts. 世上的人形形色 色,无奇不有。

“It” can be used to talk about ________, weather _____, time ________, distance etc.
1. It is a beautiful day. 2. It never rains but it pours. 3. It was time to quite smoking. 4. It is 10 kilometers to the castle. 5. It takes all sorts.

Impersonal “it” can also be used to place ____________, talk about ____, temperature date ______, _____________, circumstance etc. 1. It is Friday today. 2. It lies in the south of Shaoguan city. 3. It is 40℃! You got a high fever! 4. It’s quiet here.

1. It was very cold yesterday. weather 2. It is about 8:30 now. time 3. It is about 5km from my distance home to the park. 4. It’s quite noisy here. circumstance 5. I hope that it will be fine weather tomorrow.


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