2015上海高三英语二模 语法新题型 汇总整理 附答案_图文
2015 年二模 分类汇总 Kiwi
语法新题型 【宝山】 (A) You took a midterm exam (25)_____(hope) to get a 95 percent. When you got your test paper back, you received only a 70 percent. How do you handle the situation? Do you 1. make a study plan for (26)_______(improve) your grade; 2. keep doing what you‘re doing and hope for the best next time; 3. use a persuasive argument to try and convince your teacher to give you (27)______ better grade? Your answer to the above question shows your EQ, your emotional intelligence. What exactly is EQ? Psychologists Peter Salovey and John Mayer define it as the ability to understand your own feelings and emotions and (28)______ of others. Research supports the significance of EQ. A 40-year study of 450 boys found that IQ wasn‘t the only thing that affected life success. The qualities that did were the ability (29)_____(handle) frustration, control emotions and get along with other people. Can you improve a low EQ? Yes! Start by noticing how you feel. That‘s the first step in becoming more skillful at managing your feelings. Second ,pay attention to how you behave when you feel certain emotions. Then analyze (30)______ that effects your daily life. Next, take responsibility for your feelings and actions. They come from you and no one else. Then you (31)_________(have) a higher EQ--- and likely have a happier and more rewarding life as well. B Imagine shopping in another country and spotting a beautiful scarf. The salesperson tells you the price, (32)_______ it‘s more than you want to buy. What do you do? The answer depends largely on what part of the world you are in. Are you visiting Southeast Asia, the Middle East, Latin America or Africa? In these places, prices often are not set in stone. In fact, customers (33)______(expect) to bargain before agreeing to a price. On the other hand, in North America, Europe and Australia, bargaining is rare and often not allowed. The price (34)____(list) on a price tag cannot be changed. Large stores and malls usually don‘t allow bargaining. On the other hand, outdoor stalls and flea markets, even in Western countries, usually allow bargaining. When in doubt, consult a guidebook ---or (35)_______(good) yet, a local friend. (36)______bargaining custom vary, a few rules of etiquette apply in most cultures. First, avoid wasting people‘s time. If you don‘t intend to make a purchase, don‘t start bargaining. While bargaining, it is OK to walk away. But once you agree to a price, you (37)_____ buy the item. Even in countries (38)____ don‘t allow bargaining, you may find plentiful opportunities to save money. Many stores sell old items on clearance. Others offer discount cards to regular customers. Some of these can function as credit cards (39)_____ the store, and a few can even be used elsewhere. (40)______ you go, understanding local customs can help you find good prices. 【崇明】 (A) After 30 years (25)_____ a pilot, Captain Peter Elliott got to fly holiday-makers on a Thomas Cook flight from Birmingham, UK, to Tenerife, Spain with his daughter. Senior First Officer Laura Elliott (26)_____(fly) for six years but has never before got to work with her father. ―It‘s my dream to be able to fly with my Dad,‖ she said. It had seemed unlikely that the pair would ever co-pilot (27)_____ same aircraft because Miss Elliott learned to fly on Airbus planes when she joined the company in 2009, and her father flew Boeings. However, after Peter Elliott, 59, retrained to fly Airbuses, their dream of flying
2015 年二模 分类汇总 Kiwi
together came true. Miss Elliott, 30, became interested in flying when (28)_____(inspire) by her father with a trial flight as her birthday present. Miss Elliott said: ―Becoming a pilot was never something I had considered. It was only when my Dad bought me a trial flight for my 18th birthday (29)_____ I considered following in my Dad‘s footsteps.‖ The pair finally sat in the cockpit ( 驾 驶 员 座 舱 ) together and Mr Elliott made an announcement to passengers (30)_____ the flight made it a special day for him as he was flying with his daughter. Miss Elliott recalled the flight, (31)_____(say), ―I was initially nervous and he kept asking (32)_____ I was nervous or not. It was like going for a driving lesson with him. Thankfully, everything went smoothly and the passengers loved it. If it ever happens again, I will definitely be a lot (33)_____(relaxed).‖ (B) Has the world just witnessed its first ever robot suicide? Boring housework was seemingly too much for one cleaning robot to take, when it apparently rebelled and decided to end it all. The robot was given the tiresome task of cleaning up some spilt grain before it climbed on to a kitchen hotplate (34)_____ it destroyed itself, according to reports in Austria. It had reportedly grown tired of (35)_____(force) to clean the house every day and decided to become a martyr(殉 道者) to the robot cause. ―Somehow it seems (36)_____(restart) itself again before it made its way along the work surface. Then it pushed a cooking pot out of the way and basically that was the end of it,‖ explained fireman Helmut Kniewasser, who (37)_____(call) to deal with the fire at Hinterstoder in Kirchdorf. ―It pretty quickly started to melt underneath and then stuck to the kitchen hotplate. It then caught fire. (38)_____ _____ _____ we arrived, it had become just a pile of ash.‖ He added: ―The entire building (39)_____ _____be evacuated (疏散) and there was severe smoke damage particularly in the flat in which the robot had been in use. ―It‘s a mystery how it came to be started and ended up making its way to the hotplate.‖ (40)_____ took an hour to clean and make the building safe. The homeowner plans to charge the robot‘s manufacturer. 【奉贤】 A It was a cold, wet day on June 6, 2010, when 14-year-old Wasana arrived at school. Waiting outside his classroom for his classmates to arrive, Wasana stared at the rain. Then his eyes fell upon the 18-metre-high hill that stood at the back of the classroom. He noticed large amounts of rainwater flowing down the hill, and water was also bubbling at the base of a rock on the hill. For a few minutes, Wasana stared at the water, wondering __25_____ it looked so familiar. Then it hit him--the scene was similar to the video __26_____ he was shown during Disaster Management classes. __27_____ (fear) a coming disaster, he shouted wildly at the students waiting outside their classrooms. ―Run, run, don‘t stay here! The rock on the hill is going to fall on us!‖ Chaos broke out as the students ran to the open area that __28_____ (appoint) as an emergency gathering point. When some teachers approached Wasana, he showed them the water gushing from the hill, and they started leading the students to __29_____ (safe) ground. Just then Principal Gurusinghe drove into the school. Wasana ran over to tell him what was happening. After _30_____ (examine) the site, Gurusinghe knew the school was in danger. The enormous rock at the top of the hill could come crashing down at any moment. Leading a group of teachers and older students, Gurusinghe climbed the hill and tried to make the water flow away from the rock. They were too late: ten minutes later, they heard screams as the huge rock rushed down the hill. There was little Gurusinghe and his group could do __31____
2015 年二模 分类汇总 Kiwi
they watched the earth swallow their classrooms. __32_____ __32_____ Wasana‘s quick action and careful observation, no one was hurt in the incident. B Many drivers dream of the day when they can sit back while their car drives itself. While several companies are working hard to make __33_____ a reality, self-driving cars still face many problems. Google was one of the first __34_____ (get) into this industry. It __35_____ (develop) self-driving cars since 2009, and its new driverless car is called Firely. But the driverless car is only a ―fair weather friend‖, the Daily Mail commented. According to the MIT Technology Review, the current driverless cars can‘t react like a human driver. They can‘t drive in heavy rain or snow. Chris Urmson, director of the Google car team, said that this is because the detection technology is not yet good enough to separate certain objects from weather conditions. In the cars‘ eyes, raindrops and snowflakes are the same as rocks, and cars stop for them. But if the manhole （下水道入口）ahead is left __36_____ (uncover), they drive over it without hesitation. ___37____ all these problems, Urmson said driverless cars will happen more quickly than people think. But even at that time, driverless cars won‘t be truly ―driverless.‖ In the US, only when someone sits in the driver‘s seat __38_____ driverless cars allowed on roads in certain states European countries, Mexico, Chile, Brazil and Russian follow the United Nations Convention on Road Traffic. The convention used to say: ―Every driver __39_____ at all times be able to control his vehicle or to guide his animals.‖ A change was agreed in May, allowing a car to drive itself __40_____ __40_____ __40_____ a driver is in the car and able to take the wheel at any time 【虹口】 (A) How I Turned to Be Optimistic(乐观的) I began to grow up that winter night when my parents and I were returning from my aunt's house, and my mother said that we (25) (leave) for America soon. We were on the bus then. I was crying, and some people on the bus were turning around to look at me. I remember I could not bear the thought of never hearing again the radio program for school children to (26) I listened every morning. I do not remember myself (27) (cry) for this reason again. In fact I think I cried very little when I was saying goodbye to my friends and relatives. When we were leaving I thought about all the places I was going to see. The country I was leaving never to come back was hardly in my head then. The four years that followed taught me the importance of optimism, but (28) idea did not come to me at once. For the first two years in New York I was really lost. I did not quite know what I was or what I should be. Mother remarried, and things became even (29) (complex) for me. Some time passed before my stepfather and I got used to each other. However, my responsibilities in the family increased a lot since my English vas superior (30) anyone else's at home. I translated at interviews with immigration officers, and even discussed telephone bills with company representatives. From my experiences, I believe that my life will turn out all right (31) it is not that easy.
2015 年二模 分类汇总 Kiwi
(B) How Room Designs Affect Our Work and Feeling Architects have long had the feeling that the place we live in can affect our thoughts, feeling and behavior‘s. But now scientists are giving this feeling an empirical(实证的)basis. They are discovering how __(32)__(design) spaces that promote creativity, keep people focused, and lead to relaxation. Researches show aspects of the physical environment can influence creativity. In 2012, Joan Meyers-Levy reported that the height of a room's ceiling affects __(33)__ people think. Her research indicates that higher ceilings encourage people to think more freely, __(34)__(lead) them to make more abstract connections. Low ceilings, on the other hand, may inspire a more detailed outlook. Besides ceiling height, the view __(35)__ (afford) by a building may influence an occupant's ability to concentrate. Using nature to improve focus of attention ought to pay off academically, and __(36)__ seems to, according to a study. Students in classrooms with unblocked views of at least 50 feet outside the window had higher scores on tests of vocabulary, language arts and maths than did students __(37)__ classrooms primarily overlooked roads and parking lots. Recent study on room lighting design suggests that dim light helps people loosen up. __(38)__ that is true generally, keeping the light low during dinner or at parties could increase relaxation. So far public buildings (39) (focus) on by scientists. "We have a very limited number of studies, so we are almost looking at the problem through a straw(吸管),‖ architect David says. ―How do you take answers to very specific questions and make broad use of them? That is __(40)__ we are all struggling with.‖ 【黄埔】 (A) Positive thinking can help you win. Some athletes can reach great goals such as the achievement of an Olympic gold medal. Others never live up to their promise. What kind of preparation before (25)_______ race or other event makes the difference? Everyone knows that athletes spare no effort (26)_______ (strengthen) their bodies. But researches show that strengthening the mind may be just as important. Careful study indicates that the best athletes win partly (27)_______ they think they can win. Thinking positive thoughts seems to give the possibility for success in sports. People who say to themselves over and over ―I know I (28)_______ do this. ‖ often find they have the advantage to win. On the other hand, people often fail who think ―I can‘t win.‖ One procedure (29)_______ helps many athletes is creating pictures in the mind. They are told to think of each move they must do. Some use more fanciful pictures. One skater liked to imagine a star bursting inside her, (30)_______(fill) her with energy. Another athlete who wanted to feel calm pictured himself as a bird floating in the air. Next time you want to make progress, try training your mind to help you. Perhaps a teacher or other instructor can help you plan your training. If you imagine yourself doing (31)_______ (well), you may soon see improvement in (32)_______ you really can do. Positive thinking and pictures created in your mind can help you win! (B) Two British colonies Australia, the last continent, was discovered by ships belonging to some European nations in the 17th century. These nations were less interested in changing it into a colony than exploring it. As in the early history of the United States, it was the English (33)_______ set up the settlements
2015 年二模 分类汇总 Kiwi
in America. This history and the geography of these two British colonies have some (34)_______ things in common. Australia and the United States are about equal in size, and neither of their western lands are rich in soil. It was along the eastern coast of Australia and America that the English first settled, and both colonies soon began to develop towards the west. However, this Westward Movement took place more because the English (35)_______ (search) for better land than because the population was increasing. Settlements of the western part of both countries developed quickly after gold (36)_______ (discover) in America in 1849 and in Australia two years later. Although the development of these two countries has a lot in common, there are some striking differences as well. The United States gained its independence from England by revolution while Australia won its independence without (37)______ (go) to war. Australia, firstly (38)_______ (turn) into a colony by English prisoners, was unlike the United States, and its economic development was in wheat growing and sheep raising. By 1922, for example, Australia had fifteen times more sheep than it had people, or almost half as many sheep as there are people now in the United States. Yet, (39)_______ _______ _______ these and other main differences, Australia and the United States have more in common with each other than either one (40)_______ (have) with the rest of the world.
【闵行】 Directions: After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank. (A) The year was 1932. Amelia Earhart was flying alone from North America to England in a small single-engined airplane. At midnight, several hours after she had left Newfoundland, she ran into bad weather. To make things worse, her altimeter (高度表) failed and she didn‘t know how high she __(25)__ (fly). At night, and in a storm, a pilot was in great difficulty without an altimeter. At times, her plane nearly plunged into the sea. Just before dawn, there was further trouble. Amelia noticed flames coming from the engine. With all the difficulties, Amelia Earhart wasn‘t sure if she __(26)__ reach land. There was nothing to do but keep __(27)___(go). In the end, Amelia Earhart did reach Ireland. It was with the great courage __(28)__ she made the safe landing. And for the courage she had shown, she was warmly welcomed in England and Europe. When she returned to the United States, she __(29)__(honor) by President Hoover at a special dinner in the White House. From that time on, Amelia Earhart was famous. What was so important about her flight? Amelia Earhart was the first woman __(30)__(fly) the Atlantic Ocean alone, and she had set a record of fourteen hours and fifty-six minutes. In the years that followed, Amelia Earhart made several flights across the United States, and on each occasion she set a new record for flying time and was __(31)__(skillful) than her previous flight. Amelia Earhart made these flights to show that women had a place in aviation (航空) and that air travel was useful. Her passion for flight lasted in her remaining life __(32)__ she mysteriously disappeared from public in the year 1937. (B) It has become acceptable for people to say that women work less than men and therefore deserve less! It may have been true in the past when women were expected to stay at home and look after children, but women have changed over the years. They have ―come out‖! Gone
2015 年二模 分类汇总 Kiwi
__(33)__(be) the days when they toiled (辛苦) the kitchen stove all day long; they are now aware of their needs and are willing to fight for them. They expect to be given the respect they deserve, both at home and at work. They have realized __(34)__ intellectual potential and have determined to do something about it! Women on two wheels have become __(35)__ familiar sight on the roads of most Asian countries during the past few years. It is common to find a woman __(36)__(take) her children on her bicycle to school and then reaching her office in time. ―Super woman‖ __(37)__ she is, it is rather difficult to combine a career and a decent home life. She needs to feel __(38)__(support). She may arrive at work feeling as if she has already done a full day‘s job. __(39)__ colleagues doubt her passion to her job, she will feel sad. At the same time, women of today expect their partners to contribute towards childcare and household chores. Today‘s women are learning to avoid situations that make them feel more stressed and it is a hard struggle. __(40)__ __(40)__ __(40)__ all this, the new woman, ―the superpower‖ has arrived. She still believes in the power and value of a family unit and she holds it in high esteem(尊重). 【浦东】 Directions: After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank. (A) What should you take in with you when you take an exam? Pen, pencil, eraser, ruler … and don‘t forget a bottle of water! According to a study held in London, students __25__(bring) water into exams may improve their grades by up to 10%. Scientists in UK did the study on 448 students. The students were studying for different degrees at the University of East London. Only 25% of them entered the exam hall with water. Scientists then compared their exam results with their normal schoolwork grades. They found that all those who __26__(bring) water with them got better grades by 2% to10%. Scientists also predicted the students‘ scores according to their normal schoolwork. They wrote down their possible scores on paper __27__ exams. It is unclear __28__ drinking water improves exam results. But scientists say having enough water in our bodies and not feeling thirsty could have a helpful effect on our brains. Drinking water may also reduce anxiety, __29__ has a bad effect on exam performances. ―__30__ the explanation is, it is clear that students __31__ try hard to stay hydrated (含水的) with water during exams,‖ one of the scientists said. So next time, when you are going to have a big exam, try __32__(furnish) yourself with a bottle of water. It may help you pass the exam! (B) Without any previous notice a documentary dominated headlines and social websites over the weekend. Under the Dome, a 103-minute documentary __33__(self-fund) by former news anchor Chai Jing __34__(release) on video-sharing websites in China on Feb 28. It has rapidly pushed the public awareness about air pollution and encouraged people to join in __35__ effort to make a difference. Chai, 39, said she started the work out of her ―personal clashes‖ with smog after she gave birth to a daughter. ―I sealed tight all the windows. I started every day by checking the air pollution index‖ Chai said. Millions of other people are also doing the same. While they stop there, Chai goes much __36__(deep). ―I don‘t want to live in this way. I need to find out where the smog comes from and what on earth is going on.‖
2015 年二模 分类汇总 Kiwi
Chai‘s research reveals that it is the burning of coal and oil __37__ contributes to 60 percent of PM2.5 pollutants. She then goes on to disclose loopholes in car emissions regulations. Some of the laws have been in place for years, __38__ have never been applied. The film also explains that businesses are pressured not to obey the laws because violating them carries little or no cost, while making changes bumps up costs. The film also points at China‘s petroleum and steel industries __39__ the biggest sources of air pollution. Chai goes on to list the things ordinary people can do __40__(help) and sums everything up by calling for individual responsibility in reporting illegal emissions via the hotline 12369. 【普陀】 Directions: After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank. (A) Good ideas often start with really silly questions. Bill Bowerman was making breakfast one day. As he stood there making waffles (华夫饼干) for his son, he wondered what would happen if he poured rubber (25)____ his waffle iron. Later, he tried it and the result looked something like the bottom of most sports shoes we see today. Still, when he took this idea to several existing shoe companies, he was laughed at. In fact, every single company turned him down. Though rather discouraged, Bowerman persevered and went on (26)____ (form) his own company, making NIKE athletic shoes. Sometimes good ideas grow out of frustration. When Fred Smith was a student at Yale University, he needed to have some paperwork (27)____(deliver) across the country the next day. Smith was amazed to find out that overnight delivery was impossible. He sat for a long while (28)____ (wonder) why. Why couldn‘t there be a reliable overnight mail delivery service? He decided to design one. Smith did just that and turned his design into (29)____ class project. His business professor gave him only a C for his efforts. However, Smith was not through. He improved the ideas in that class project and eventually turned (30)____ into one of the first and (31)____ (successful) overnight mail services in the world—FedEx. We know today, of course, that each of these ideas led to an incredibly successful product or service (32)____ has changed the way many of us live. The best questions are usually open-ended and are often silly. Children aren‘t afraid to ask such questions, but adults frequently are. Think how different the world might be (33)____ people never asked ―silly‖ question! (B) A lot of people in the world today are used to working, going on holiday, and having money—but many of them aren‘t happy. Yet other people seem to be really happy, (34)____ ____ they are poor, or have no job, or are surrounded by problems. Why? Professor Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, from the University of Chicago, has interviewed thousands of people who have a happy life to find out how they do it. ―I (35)____ (study) happiness for over 30 years,‖ says Csikszentmihalyi. ―My interest in the subject came from my own experience as a child during World War II, when I saw many adults destroyed by the terrible events. But there were always a few who kept their courage, helped others, and were able to give a sense of purpose and meaning to their lives. I wanted to find out how a person (36)____ build a fulfilling and enjoyable life.‖ In general, his research showed that people were unhappy doing nothing. The professor stresses that happy people don‘t waste time, either at work or when they‘re free. ―Many people feel the time that they spend at work or at school wasted. But often their free time (37)____ (waste) as well. Many people are used to doing passive things—watching television, for example—without
2015 年二模 分类汇总 Kiwi
(38)____ (use) any skills. As a result, life goes past in a series of boring experiences.‖ But it doesn‘t have to be this way. The professor has found that people are happy when they get into (39)____ he calls ―flow‖. When people get very involved in a task that they have chosen, and which is well-defined and challenging, they experience ―flow‖, a situation (40)____ they don‘t notice time passing. People who are not used to happiness can learn how to be happy, says the professor, if they constantly get into ―flow‖ states. Is happiness as easy as that? Perhaps it is. 【徐汇】 【松江】 【金山】 Directions: After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank. (A) As you get older, it feels like time tends to move faster. As Dan Ariely explains over at The Wall Street Journal, we tend to fall into familiar routines __25__ we age and that makes time move quickly. We perceive time something like a stack of memories, so the less new experiences you have, the __26__(likely) you are to fill in those memories with interesting things. Time does go by (or, more accurately, it feels as if time is going by) more quickly the older we get. In the first few years of our lives, anything we sense or do is brand new, and many of our experiences are unique, so they remain firmly in our memories. But as __27__ years go by, we encounter fewer and fewer new experiences—both because we already __28__(accomplish) a lot and because we become slaves to our daily routines. For example, try to remember __29__ happened to you every day last week，chances are that nothing extraordinary happened, so you will be hard-pressed to recall the specific things you did on Monday, Tuesday, etc. What can we do about this? Maybe we need some new app that will encourage us to try out new experiences, point out things we've never done, recommend dishes we've never tasted and suggest places we've never been. Such an app __30__ make our lives more varied, prod us to try new things, slow down the passage of time and increase our happiness. __31__ such an app arrives, try to do at least one new thing every week. It's not too difficult to push __32__ to do new things. (B) This afternoon, I spoke with Governor Daniel Malloy and FBI Director Mueller. I offered Governor Malloy my condolences(哀悼) on behalf of the nation, and made it clear he will have every single resource that he needs __33__(investigate) this heinous(令人发指的) crime, care for the victims and their families. __34__(endure) too many of these tragedies in the past few years, each time I learn the news I react not as a President, but as anybody else would – as a parent. And that was especially true today. I know there‘s not a parent in America who doesn‘t feel the same overwhelming grief that I do. The majority of those __35__ died today were children---beautiful little kids between the ages of 5 and 10 years old. They had their entire lives ahead of them---birthdays, graduations, weddings, kids of their own. Among the __36__(fall) were also teachers---men and women who devoted their lives to __37__(help) our children fulfill their dreams. So our hearts are broken today---for the parents and grandparents, sisters and brothers of
2015 年二模 分类汇总 Kiwi
these little children, and for the families of the adults who __38__(lose). Our hearts are broken for the parents of the survivors as well, for as blessed as they are to have their children home tonight, they know that their children‘s innocence has been torn away from them too early, and there are no words that will ease their pain. As a country, we have been through this too many times. __39__ it‘s an elementary school in Newtown, or a shopping mall in Oregon, or a temple in Wisconsin, or a movie theater in Aurora, or a street corner in Chicago---these neighborhoods are our neighborhoods, and these children are our children. And we‘re going to have to come together and take meaningful action to prevent more tragedies __40__ this, regardless of the politics. 【杨浦】 Directions: After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank. (A) Dogs are called ―man‘s best friend.‖ Now a study shows new reasons (25) ______ they really are our best pals. Researchers at UCLA Medical Center in Los Angeles, California, say that dogs (26) ______ be good for people‘s health. The study focused on 76 patients who were in the hospital for heart problems. First the patients (27) ______ (split) into three groups. Some were visited by human volunteers with dogs. (28) ______ were visited by people only. The third group had no visitors. Then the researchers wrote down how the patients felt before, during, and after the visit. Researchers found that dog visits (29) ______ (make) the patients feel better. Patients who had been visited by dogs felt 24 percent less scared. Those patients who were visited by just people felt only 10 percent less scared. After just 12 minutes with dogs, patients‘ hearts and lungs seemed to be working (30) ______ (well). It is not news to pet lovers that furry friends can help people feel happier. But before the study there was little proof (31) ______ therapy animals make us healthier. Nurse Kathie M. Cole was a member of the UCLA Medical Center study. She hopes that doctors and hospitals see the good effects (32) ______ using therapy animals. ―Dogs are a great comfort,‖ said Cole. ―They make people happier, calmer, and feel more loved. That is huge when you are scared and not feeling well.‖ (B) A couple had two little boys, (33) ______ were excessively naughty. They were always getting into trouble and their parents knew that, (34) ______ anything terrible occurred in their town, their sons were probably involved. The boys‘ mother heard that a clergyman (牧师) in town had been successful in (35) ______ (discipline) children, so she asked (36) ______ he would speak with her boys. The clergyman agreed, but asked to see them individually. So the mother sent her 8-year-old first, in the morning, with the older boy to see the clergyman in the afternoon. The clergyman, (37) ______ huge man with a booming voice, sat the younger boy down and asked him sternly, ―Where is God?‖ The boy made no response, (38) ______ (sit) there with his mouth hanging open, wide-eyed. So the clergyman repeated the question in an even sterner tone, ―Where is God!!?‖ Again the boy made no attempt (39) ______ (answer). So the clergyman raised his voice even more and shook his finger in the boy‘s face and shouted, ―Where is God?‖
2015 年二模 分类汇总 Kiwi
The boy screamed, ran directly home and dove into his closet, slamming the door behind him. When his older brother found him in the closet, he asked, ―What happened?‖ The younger brother, gasping for breath, (40) ______ (reply), ―We are in big trouble this time. God is missing -- and they think we did it!‖ Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. available B. legally C. incorrect D. denied E. blocks F. labeled G. tie H. roughly I. birth J. appropriate K. limits Dear Editor, Most public libraries now offer all visitors, kids and adults alike, free access to all sites on the Internet. Just like any powerful tool, __41__ must be placed on it. After all, not all sites are good for children or appropriate for them. Some are violent. Some, in the name of free speech, say irresponsible things. Others feature __42__ information for research. And many should be __43__ ―For Adults Only.‖ In 2000, there were 7 .1 million publicly __44__ sites on the Web, with over 200 new adult sites added each day. Couple this figure with the fact that there are __45__ 200 million American children under the age 18 with Internet access, and you have a recipe for disaster. Back in l967, the American Library Association (ALA) passed a resolution （决议） that stated ―a person‘s right to use a library should not be __46__ … because of origin, age, background, or views.‖ Some groups argue that this resolution gives children the right to free and total access to the Internet and its unsuitable sites. This resolution was fine in the past, but it never considered the __47__ of the Internet. Besides, the ALA isn‘t a government agency. It has no power to pass laws, and its resolutions are not __48__ binding（有约束力的）. We must pass real laws that __49__ U .S. government funds for library computers to the use of software that __50__ out offensive material online. If the libraries don‘t use the software, then they don‘t get computers. As a working parent, I can‘t be with my child every time he turns on the computer. I don‘t expect libraries to be babysitters. But I do expect them to work with me, not against me, in making sure my child is protected from adult-only and other irresponsible sites. Sincerely, Julie Richardson Redding, California 【闸北】 Directions: Read the following two passages. Fill in the blanks to make the passage coherent. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word. For the other blanks, fill in each blank with one proper word. Make sure that your answers are grammatically correct. (A) Being skinny is not beautiful but being healthy is. Most young people, unfortunately, (25)______(convince) that being thin, and therefore being stylish is a major way of maintaining self-worth. To make the matter worse, they might take this so far that they are likely to end up (26)______ eating disorders. Eating disorders are psychological illnesses defined by abnormal eating habits, (27)______ may involve either insufficient or too much food intake to the damage of an individual's physical and mental health. Bulimia nervosa( 暴食症 ) and anorexia nervosa （食欲匮乏） are the
2015 年二模 分类汇总 Kiwi
(28)______(common) forms of eating disorders. (29)______ diagnosed with anorexia nervosa are well under a healthy bodyweight. But patients with bulimia nervosa may have a body weight that falls within the range from normal to overweight. (30)_____ primarily thought of as affecting females, eating disorders influence males as well. The precise cause of eating disorders is not entirely understood, but (31)______ is agreed that the disease is linked to other medical conditions and situations. Besides, cultural idealization of thinness and youthfulness also contributes to (32)______(reduce) weight forcefully. The problem has affected a large population worldwide. (B) A new report said middle class workers could still be working (33)______ ______ they are at the age of 70, to help out their grown up children. Middle class workers (34)______(age) 50 and above are being forced to delay their retirement, with many blaming their children, a report revealed yesterday. To many middle class workers, (35)______ bothered them from work couldn't compare with the possibility that they might postpone their retirement date by around five years. It is not just the rising cost of living that is causing the delay. Many pointed to the fact that they are constantly having to provide for their grown-up children at an age (36)______ they assumed they should be financially independent. Actually, one in five middle class workers (37)______ keep working in order to support their children. Many workers struggled all along to the retirement date, only (38)______(realize) that they had to switch to a part-time working pattern, also called semi-retirement. Rarely (39)______ people hear of the concept of semi-retirement in the past but now semi-retirement has become the routine among wealthier people in their 50s and 60s, regarded as (40)______ sign of the country‘s on-going worsening economy.
【崇明】 第 I 卷 I. Listening Comprehension （共 30 分。 第 1 至 10 小题， 每题 1 分； 第 11 至 16 小题， 每题 2 分； 第 17 至 24 小题，每题 1 分。 ） 1. C 2. D 3. D 4. B 5. A 6. B 7. B 8. C 9. A 10. A 11. D 12. C 13. D 14. A 15. B 16. B 17. 298 18. Extra 19. breakfast 20. tax 21. (visit/attend) the opening 22. waitin g for 23. her subject‘s personality/ a person‘s character 24. (The) well-known/famous people 听力 17—24 题评分标准： 1. 17-20 题，每小题 1 分，每一个拼写错误扣 1 分。 2. 21-24 题，每小题 1 分，每一个拼写错误或冠词错误扣 0.5 分。 II. Grammar and Vocabulary（共 26 分。每小题 1 分。 ） 25. as 26. has been flying/has flown 27. the 28. inspired 29. that 30. that 31. saying 32. wh ether 33. more relaxed 34. where 35. being forced 36. to have restarted 37. was called/ had been c alled 38. By the time 39. had to 40. It 41. G 42. K 43. E 44. A 45. F 46. I 47. B 48. J 49. C 50.H
2015 年二模 分类汇总 Kiwi
III. Reading Comprehension（共 47 分。第 51 至 65 小题，每题 1 分；第 66 至 77 小题，每题 2 分；第 78 至 81 小题，每题 2 分。 ） 51. B 52. C 53. A 54. D 55. A 56. D 57. B 58. A 59. C 60. D 61. B 62. C 63. A 64. D 65. C 66. A 67. B 68. D 69. A 70. C 71. A 72. D 73. B 74. D 75. B 76. B 77. C 78. replacing studying subject with discussing topics / teaching by topic instead of by subject 79. To prepare people for working life. / To adapt people to modern society. 80. It teaches cross-subject topics and focuses on team work. / It focuses on vocational skill develo pment and team work. / It focuses on vocational skill development and cross-subject topics. 81. emphasizes mere fact-based learning that promotes memory expansion 第 78 至 81 小题评分标准： 1、内容正确，语法基本正确，得 2 分。 2、内容基本正确，语法正确或虽有错误，但不影响理解，得 1 分。 3、即使语法正确，但是内容错误，得 0 分。 4、答案超过规定字数过多，得 0 分。 I. Translation（共 22 分） 1. We learn English not to take exams but to develop a tool for communication. (1+1+2) 2. We should kindly treat those who love and care for us with a grateful heart. (1+2+1) 3. As long as you know how to reflect on your mistakes, you can learn lessons from them. (1+1+2) 4. Despite his poor family, the boy is ambitious and dreams of getting the Nobel Prize one/some d ay. (1+1+2+1) 5. Out rushed the boy who had just been criticized, crying and not knowing at all that in fact it ma de his parents sadder. (1+1+2+1) 翻译评分标准： 1、第 1—3 题，每题 4 分。第 4—5 题，每题 5 分。 2、在每题中，单词拼写、标点符号、大小写错误累计每两处扣 1 分。 3、语法错误每处扣 1 分。每句同类语法错误不重复扣分。 4、译文没有用所给单词，扣 1 分。 【奉贤】 I. Listening: Section A 1-5 BBAAC Section B 11-13 CAA
Section C 17. assistant 18. surgery 21. change her/the position 23. pleasant climate
19. schooling 20. two 22. further advancement/promotion 24. in salary
2015 年二模 分类汇总 Kiwi
Section A: 25. why 26.that/which 29. safer 30.examining 32. Thanks to/ Owing to/Because of 33. it 34. to get 37. Despite 38. are 40. as long as/on condition that Section B: 41-45 FHEGC III. Reading Section A 51-55 BCADB Section B 66-69 CBDB
27. Fearing 28. had been appointed 31. when/as/while
35. has been developing 36. uncovered 39. shall/should/must
Section C ? want to make a lot of money/ make a fortune/ earn a lot ? sensible ideas to reform the legal system ? allowing people to study law as an undergraduate degree. ? Because non-lawyers may not own any share of a law firm./ Because law outsiders are kept out of a law firm. 第二卷 I. Translation: (4’+4’+4’+5’+5’) 1. We long for a planet free of pollution. 2. With the breeze blowing through her hair, the little girl watched the colorful butterflies dancing in the sea of flowers. 3. The film released newly is meant to arouse people‘s concern about/attention to the children in poor mountainous areas. 4. He assured his friends that under no circumstances would he break the promise that he should/would be faithful/trustworthy and honest. 5. It was the learning experiences in Senior Three that convinced us that however hard the process was, our efforts would eventually pay off. 【虹口】 第Ⅰ 卷 II Grammar and Vocabulary 25. would leave/be leaving/were leaving 26. which 27.crying 28. the 29. more complex 30. to 31. even though/if 32. to design 33. How 34. leading 35. afforded 36. it 37. whose 38. if 39.have been focused 40. what 41-50.CFAED JGHKI 51-65 BADAC CDABC DBCBD III. Reading Comprehension 66-69 BCCA
2015 年二模 分类汇总 Kiwi
70-73 ADBB 74-77 CADB 78. in their middle twenties 79. her age and the lightened work 80. return to full or part-time job 81. Their abilities and interests 第Ⅱ 卷 Translation： 82. As far as I know, the size of their school is twice that of ours. 83. What if you forget to inform him of the time for interview? 84．Not only are mobile phones a means of communication in modern society but also a means of entertainment. 85. The economist has found in the survey that the more some people earn, the more they want to buy. 86. Since the participants have devoted themselves to the match, you had better not find fault with the result even if is far from satisfactory.
【黄埔】第 I 卷 1-5 CADBC 11-13 DAD 17. today 19. charge 21. log onto 23. The book title 25. a 29. which/that 33. who/that 37. going 41-45 51-55 66-69 GCIAB CBCDA ABCD
18. 250 20. hundreds 22. confirming their purchase 24. English Dictionary 26. to strengthen 30. filling 34. other 38. turned 46-50 56-60 70-73 JEDKH BCBDB DABC 27.because 31. better 35. were searching 39. in spite of 61-65 74-77 28. can 32. what 36. was discovered 40. has CACAD DDAC
78. That the population would increase rapidly. 79. They no longer needed several babies to ensure their survival. / Children were no longer an economic property for working./ Children were a responsibility to be fed, housed and educated./ Having too many children made a mother hard to work./ The young were no longer a guarantee against the old. /… 80. better living standards and health condition 81. Because the death rate in developing countries falls much faster. 第 II 卷 I. Translation 1. This agreement will pave the way for the cooperation between the two countries. 2. It was said that the young professor objected to the headmaster‘s proposal in public.
2015 年二模 分类汇总 Kiwi
3. Nobody can persuade the engineer to change his original decision once he has made up his mind. 4. Yesterday I returned the useless air-conditioner to the shop where it was sold /I bought it and got a/the refund. 5. So excited was David that he failed to fall asleep the whole night when/after he learned that he would participate in the final competition to be held in Beijing. 【闵行】 I. Listening Comprehension 1-5 CADBC 6-10 DACDB 11-13 BDA 14-16 ACD 17. philosophy 18. mental 19. ambitious 22. analyze current situations 23. detailed II. Grammar and Vocabulary (A) 25. was flying 26. could 30. to fly 31. more skillful (B) 33. are 34. their 38. supported 39. If/When (C) 41-45 CIKAE 46-50 GFHJD
20. Thursday 24. justice
27. going 28. that 32. until 35. a 36. taking 40. In spite of
29. was honored 37. as/though
III. Reading Comprehension 51-55 BADCD 56-60 BABCD 66-69 BDAD 70-73 CADB
61-65 ABDAC 74-77 ABDC
78. print out all their bosses‘s me-mails/ keep paper copies of their bosses‘ e-mails 79. Because important documents are sent both by e-mail and by fax. 80. workplace dissatisfaction 81. personal/private communication (with friends) 第 II 卷 I. Translation 82. I was so tired last night that I went to bed without finishing my homework. 83. However busy we are, we should regularly spend some time talking with our parents. 84. The school (authority) and parents have/ hold different opinions on whether students must wear school uniforms. 85. Although this product is in favor of environmental protection, few people show interest in/ would like to buy it because of its high price. 86. Cycling can not only make us physically strong, but also help us avoid suffering from the increasingly serious traffic jams. 【浦东】 I. Section A Section B Section C
1-5 CBBBB 6-10 CDDAD 11-13 ACB 14-16 BCA 17. Beach 18. car 19. Friday 20. friends 21. All staff 22. Marketing Manager 23. 5 Jan. 2003
2015 年二模 分类汇总 Kiwi
Conference II. (A) 25. bringing 26. had brought 27. before 28. why 29. which 30. Whatever 31. should 32. furnishing (B) 33. self-funded 34. was released 35. an 36. deeper 38. but 39. as 40. to help (C) 41-45 DBCIF 46-50 KEAGH III. 51-65 66-69 IV. 78. 79. 80. 81. BCCAD BDCB BACDC DCACA 70-73 ABCD 74-77 ACCB
setting slaves free and allowing people to choose their religion can be taken away at someone‘s sudden desire. (For) 80 years The development/evolution/history of human rights
V. Translation 1. I have/had(great) difficulty (in)finding vegetarian food/dishes on this menu. 2. Everyone is expected to express/voice his/her own opinions, as lack of communication may lead to/give rise to/ bring about/ cause misunderstanding. 3. In addition to/ Besides improving the public transport, widening roads is another effective way to relieve traffic pressure. 4. It is obvious that our modern society is stepping into a new era, when robot-to-robot communications are made very easy. 5. When employing a new staff member, a company should take into consideration/account his or her ability and work experience, independent of his or her appearance or family background.
Writing： Sample One: Parents‘ words and behaviors have a great influence on their children. Patents are their children‘s role models. By observing and communicating, children usually follow their parents‘ examples, and form proper values. There is no doubt that my parents play an important role in my life and it‘s certain that they influence me in many aspects. I can still remember when I was four, out of interest, I began to play the piano. It was, of course, amusing at first. However, later on I found that I had to spend a lot of time practising if I wanted to play a short piece of music. It was tough and I almost wanted to give up. However, my mother told me, ―If I wanted to play the piano well, perseverance is very important. Remember: ?no pains, no gains.‘‖ What my mum said that day is still very clear in my mind now. Thanks to her encouragement, I can play the piano excellently and I won‘t give up easily. ( 168 words) Sample Two: It‘s generally acknowledged that actions speak louder than words. We can hardly imagine what great impacts the behaviors of parents can have on their children.
2015 年二模 分类汇总 Kiwi
I can still clearly recall the day when my mother taught me a lesson. That day, my mother and I went to visit the newly-opened amusement park. When we arrived, a Mickey Mouse show was on its way , so I sat with an ice cream in my hand and waited patiently . Soon, the 90-minute show was over, and then I hurriedly rushed to the exit because there would be a parade outside in ten minutes. However, my mother stopped me that I was totally confused .Then slowly and carefully, she cleared away all the rubbish that was left behind by me. Seeing I was impatient, she said to me in a serious tone that I had never heard before,‖ Always remember that it is your duty to do so.‖ Then she walked with me to the rubbish bin and I put the bag into it. Although I missed the parade in the end, I learned something more important. Every time I leave a public spot, I will take away all the rubbish. And there is no denying that my mother has deeply impressed me by her own behavior. I hope all the adults in the world will set a good example. (228 words) 【普陀】 1. B 2. C 3. C 4. B 5. D 6. D 7. B 8. A 9. A 10. C 11. B 12.D 13.B 14.A 15.B 16.C 17. personal 18. social 19. efficiently 20. management 21. a garden view 22. single rooms 23. noisy 24. (the) 15/fifteen dollars 评分标准： 1. 1-10 题，每小题 1 分。 2. 11—16 题，每小题 2 分。 3. 17—24 题，每小题 1 分。19 题填写 efficient 扣 0.5 分，21 题填写 garden view 不扣分，22 题填写 single room 不扣分，23 题填写 noise 扣 0.5 分，24 题填写 fifteen dollar 不扣分。 25. into 26. to form 27. delivered 28. wondering 29. a 30. them 31. most successful 32. that/ which 33. if 34. even though 35. have been studying/ have studied 36. could 37. is wasted 38. using 39. what/ something 40. where 评分标准： 1. 25—40 题，每小题 1 分。 2. 拼写错误扣 1 分。 3. 第 34 题，两空格只写正确一空扣 1 分 41. D 42. H 43. I 44. F 45. B 评分标准： 41—50 题，每小题 1 分。 46. K 47. E 48. J 49. A 50. C
51. B 52. C 53. A 54. C 55. A 56. D 57. B 58. B 59. B 60. B 61. D 62. D 63. A 64. C 65. C 评分标准： 51—65 题，每小题 1 分。 66. C 67. C 68. C 69. A 70. A 71. B 72. D 73. A 74. B 75. A 76. B 77. D 评分标准：66—77 题，每小题 2 分。 78. chimps 79. Inspecting various parts of their bodies and learning an elementary symbol-based language.
2015 年二模 分类汇总 Kiwi
Inspecting their bodies and learning a symbol-based language. 80. complex social structures and a high level of emotions. 81. The brain size relative to the body. 评分标准： 1. 78—81 题，每小题 2 分。 2. 内容正确，语法正确，得 2 分。 3. 内容正确，语法虽有错误，但不影响理解，得 2 分。 4. 内容正确，语法重大错误，影响部分理解，得 1 分。 5. 第 79 题，内容缺失，即只回答出一部分（inspecting their bodies 或 learning a symbol-based language）扣 1 分。 6. 第 80 题， 内容缺失， 即只回答出一部分 （complex social structures 或 a high level of emotions） 扣 1 分。 6. 第 81 题，回答内容不完整（如：the brain size）扣 1 分。 7. 即使语法正确，但是内容错误，扣 2 分。 8. 答案超过规定字数 12 词，扣 2 分。
1、学校里约半数的学生热衷于玩手机游戏。(keen) Around half of the students in school are keen on playing games in cell phones. 评分标准：满分 4 分 Around half of the students(1) in school(0.5) are keen on(1) playing games(1) in cell phones(0.5). 2、事实证明，你尝试的越多，就越有可能提前取得成功。(the more…) It is proved that the more you try, the more likely you are to achieve success in advance. 评分标准：满分 4 分 It is proved that(1) the more you try(0.5), the more likely you are(1) to achieve success(1) in advance(0.5). 3、他从没像现在这样渴望得到父母的理解和支持。(Never…) Never before has he been so eager to receive parents‘ understanding and support as he is now. 评分标准：满分 4 分 Never before(0.5) has he been(1) so eager to(0.5) receive parents‘ understanding and support(1) as he is now(1). 4、自从有了互联网，消费者足不出户就可以轻松买到各种心仪的商品。(access) Since there came the Internet, customers have had easy access to various goods they like at home. 评分标准：满分 5 分 Since there came the Internet(1), customers(0.5) have had easy access to(2) various goods(0.5) they like(0.5) at home(0.5). 5、鉴于日趋严重的环境污染，政府正呼吁市民合理处理废旧电池。(appeal) In terms of the increasingly serious environmental pollution, the government is appealing to citizens to deal with the used batteries properly. 评分标准：满分 5 分 In terms of / Owing to/ Because of(1) the increasingly serious environmental pollution(1), the government(0.5) is appealing to citizens(1) to deal with the used batteries(1) properly(0.5). 假设你学校两种学习安排：一是学校为学生安排解答困惑或补习知识遗漏点，二是鼓励 学生自己学习解决困难。你会选择哪一种学习方式？请结合实际情况，举例并说明你选择的
2015 年二模 分类汇总 Kiwi
理由。 评分标准： 1、本题总分为 25 分，其中内容 10 分，语言 10 分，组织结构 5 分。 2、评分时应注意的主要方面：内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的数量和准确性以及上下文的 连贯性。 3、 评分时， 先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定所属档次， 然后对照相应的组织结构档次给予加分。 其中， 内容和语言两部分相加， 得 15 分或以上者， 可考虑加 4-5 分， 15 分以下者只能考虑加 0、 1、2、3 分。 4、词数少于 70，总分最多不超过 10 分。 档次 内容 语言 组织结构 A 9—10 9—10 4—5 B 7—8 7—8 3 C 5—6 5—6 2 D 3—4 3—4 1 E 0—2 0—2 0 各档次给分要求： 内容部分 A．内容充实，主题突出，详略得当。 B．内容较充实，能表达出作文要求。 C．内容基本充实，尚能表达出作文要求。 D．漏掉或未能写清楚主要内容，有些内容与主题无关。 E．明显遗漏主要内容，严重离题。 语言部分 ? 具有很好的语言表达能力，语法结构正确或有些小错误，主要因为使用了较复杂结构或 词汇所致。 ? 具有较强的语言表达能力，语法结构和词汇的应用基本正确，错误主要因为尝试较复杂 结构或词汇所致。 ? 有一些语法结构和词汇方面的错误，但不影响理解。 ? 语法结构与词汇错误较多，影响了对内容的理解。 ? 语法结构与词汇的错误很多，影响了对内容的理解。 组织结构部分 ? 自然地使用了语句间的连接成分，全文流畅结构紧凑。句子结构多样，词汇丰富。 ? 能使用语句间连接成分，全文流畅结构紧凑。句子结构多样，词汇较丰富。 ? 能使用简单的语句间连接成分，全文内容连贯。句子结构有一定的变化，词汇使用得 当。 ? 尚能使用语句间连接成分，语言连贯性较差，句子结构单调，词汇贫乏。 ? 缺乏语句间的连接成分，语言不连贯。词不达意。 整体作文分类得分 A类 20—25 分 B类 16—19 分 C类 12—15 分 D 类7 — 11 分 E类 4—6 分
普陀区 2014 学年第二学期高三英语质量调研 听力文稿 听力测试现在开始
2015 年二模 分类汇总 Kiwi
I. Listening Comprehension Section A Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. （Pause 3 seconds） 1. M: Excuse me, where is the gate for Flight 851 to San Francisco? W: It‘s upstairs, Gate 15. Q: Where does this conversation most probably take place? （Pause 5 seconds） 2. M: Could you please explain the assignment for Monday, Miss Smith? W: Certainly. Read the next chapter in your textbook and come to class prepared to discuss what you‘ve read. Q: Who is the most probably the woman? （Pause 5 seconds） 3. W: There were more than a hundred people at Kate‘s birthday party. How come she‘s got so many friends? M: It‘s really no surprise. You know she was popular even when she was a child. Q: What does the man imply about Kate? （Pause 5 seconds） 4. W: Oh, my God！It is four fifty already. And I still have these letters to type. M: Don‘t worry. That clock is half an hour fast. You still have forty minutes to finish them. Q: What do we learn from this conversation? （Pause 5 seconds） 5. M: I ran into our friend Mark yesterday on the street, and he said he hadn‘t heard from you for two months. W: Yes, I know. But I‘ve been too busy to phone him. Q: What can be inferred from the conversation? （Pause 5 seconds） 6. W: Did you find the book for your reading assignment in the library? M: It closed before I got there. I had no idea that it closes so early on weekends. Q: What does the man mean? （Pause 5 seconds） 7. M: This article is nothing but advertising for housing developers. I don‘t think the houses for sale are half that good. W: Come on, Brian. Why so negative? We‘re thinking of buying a home, aren‘t we? Just a trip to look at the place won‘t cost us much. Q: What can be inferred from the conversation? （Pause 5 seconds） 8. W: So you‘ve finally listened to your wife‘s advice and given up smoking? M: It was my doctor ‘s advice. I‘m suffering from high blood pressure. Q: What do we learn from the conversation? （Pause 5 seconds） 9. W: Hello, this is Dr. Gray‘s office. We‘re calling to remind you of your 4:15 appointment for your annual checkup tomorrow. M: Oh, thanks. It‘s a good thing you called. I thought it was 4:15 today. Q: What do we learn from the conversation? （Pause 5 seconds）
2015 年二模 分类汇总 Kiwi
10. W: I just can‘t believe this is our last year. College is going by fast. M: Yeah. We‘ll have to face the real world soon. So, have you figured out what you‘re going to do after you graduate? Q: What do we learn from the conversation? （Pause 5 seconds） Section B Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. （Pause 3 seconds） Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. Larry Smith is one of the rescuers on the Golden Gate Bridge. His job is to save people who attempt to jump into the sea. If the telephone rings at three in the morning, he knows it‘s trouble. Someone is threatening to kill himself. Larry will get his things ready, and in no time he‘ll be out the door and heading to the spot. ―If you aren‘t too late,‖ Larry says, ―you climb out onto the cold steel and try to talk to the poor man, and pull him anyhow back to safety. Many lives can be saved when he arrives just in time. But if you fail, if the person jumps into the bottomless pool, there‘s no describing how helpless you feel. Often, would-be jumpers are driven to despair and see no hope out of their misery. The trick is to open channels of communication with them. Following are some tricks that have worked: ?If you‘re going to jump, at least give me your mom‘s phone number so I can call and tell her. Or, that‘s a nice watch, if you‘re going to jump, can I have it?‘ Sometimes, all it takes is the voice of the human being who cares.‖ Larry estimates he has rescued about thirty people in his ten years of service. Please listen again. Questions: 11. What is Larry‘s job? （Pause 5 seconds） 12. What will probably happen if Larry‘s phone rings at 3 o‘clock in the morning? （Pause 5 seconds） 13. What does Larry Smith usually do to stop someone from jumping off the bridge? （Pause 5 seconds） Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage. Today, I would like to talk about the new concept of Fitness. What exactly is fitness? How do you know whether you are fit? Under the Old Fitness, this question is answered by taking a few tests and comparing your performance to the ―standard‖. The New Fitness leaves every individual to arrive at his or her own answer, based on individual need, personal goals and different life styles. The New Fitness definition is more flexible: you are fit if you can work effectively all at your normal task; if you have enough energy left at the day‘s end to invest in leisure activities; and if you have the strength to deal with an unexpected physical emergency—running a block to catch a bus, for instance, or rearrange all your furniture. By this definition, a healthy, physically fit accountant would not be in the same shape as a healthy, physically fit athlete. But there‘s no need to be. Fitness can be divided into three basic factors: endurance, strength and flexibility. Of the three, endurance is the factor that is most often regarded as the key indicator of fitness. And the exercises which build endurance have the greatest effect on your overall health. The exercises which can provide you with training effect include jogging, swimming, bicycling, walking, rowing, rope-skipping, hiking, cross-country skiing and vigorous games of baseball, handball and soccer.
2015 年二模 分类汇总 Kiwi
Please listen again. Questions: 14. Which of the following statements is true according to the new concept of fitness? （Pause 5 seconds） 15. In what way is the New Fitness definition different from the old one? （Pause 5 seconds） 16. What is the report mainly about? （Pause 5 seconds） Section C Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. （Pause 3 seconds） Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. W: Today we are very glad to have Mr. Black here, who is a director of a supermarket. And he will talk about old-fashioned general stores and supermarkets. Good morning, Mr. Black. M: Good morning, Mrs. White. W: What is the change of the old-fashioned general store? M: It is fast disappearing. W: Is this a pity? Why? M: Yes, it is, because shopping in supermarkets today seems to lack that personal element that existed while the shopkeeper in general store knew all his regular customers personally. He could, for instance, remember which brand of tea Mrs. Smith usually bought or what sort of washing-powder Mrs. Jones preferred. The shop was not only a center of buying and selling but also a social meeting place. W: How many assistants might a good general store have employed? M: Four or five. And there were very few problems in management. But since the supermarket has replaced the general store, the job of the manager has changed completely. W: Why do you say so? M: Because he has to deal with a staff as many as a hundred, to carry out an inspection of his store, to give advice and make decisions and to get his huge staff to work efficiently. W: What else does a manager have to do? M: He must be ready for any emergency that may appear, for example, a fire, a fight, a flood, a birth and a death. W: Now, let‘s answer the call from our listeners. Please listen again. Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN ONE WORD for each answer. （Pause 5 seconds） Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. M: May I help you, Madam? W: Yes, I‘m sorry to trouble you, but I would really like to change my room. M: I‘m sorry to hear that. What‘s the problem? W: We booked a double room with a beach view at 1000 dollars per night, but the room we were given has a garden view. And you know that rooms with the beach view are 15 dollars higher than ones with the garden view, don‘t you? M: Yes, I see your point. But Madam, there are only single rooms with the beach view left. W: What? It‘s your mistake – you have to do something about it! M: How about changing a room with a city view? It‘s the same price as the room with the beach
2015 年二模 分类汇总 Kiwi
view. W: I appreciate that, but I‘m really not crazy about a city view. The room would probably be noisy at night, with all that traffic outside. M: OK. What do you think if we give you the 15 dollars back? W: That sounds great. Please listen again. Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. （Pause 5 seconds） 听力测试到此结束，请继续答题。
【徐汇】 【松江】 【金山】 第 I 卷 I. Listening Comprehension Section A 1-5 ABCDC 6-10 DACBA Section B 11-13 CBB 14-16 BDA Section C 17. straight 18. fashion 19. graduate 20. composing 21. doing exercise regularly/ exercising regularly 22. insects and droughts 23. improved living conditions 24. food security/ safety II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A (A) 25. as/when 26. less likely 27. the 28. have accomplished 29. what 30. could/ can/ will 31. Until/ If 32. yourself/ ourselves/ yourselves (B) 33. to investigate 34. Having endured 35. who 36. fallen 37. helping 38. were lost/ have been lost 39. Whether 40. like Section B 41-45. IKAEC 46-50. HBDJG
III. Reading Comprehension Section A 51-55 BADBA 56-60 DBCAD Section B 66-69 DAAB 70-73 CDBA
61-65 CCABC 74-77 DBBC
Section C 78. What is the origin of the word technology. 79. (原来的答案： work with your hands, see the results of your work, and have new ideas and new challenges.) fun, reward and excitement. 80. Because air bags inflate so quickly that they have caused injury and death in some cases. 81. understands technology and feels comfortable with technology
第 II 卷
2015 年二模 分类汇总 Kiwi
I. Translation 1. As is known to all, cutting down trees in a large number has disastrous effect on the balance of nature. 2. Her parents were busy with work, so she learned to look after herself at an early age. 3. The funny film distracted my attention, which made me forget the difficult problem for the time being. 4. The interviewer asked him many questions in the interview, in order to see whether he was qualified for the scientific research work. 5. It was because he was appointed as the manager that the company has developed into a giant in the advertising industry in the past decades. 【杨浦】 1-10 BCCAD BADCA 11-13 CDA 14-16 BCD 17. assistant 18. permanent 19. hardworking 20. advance 21. do the cheers 22. central fountain 23. dark and moody 24. The Independents 25. why 26. can 27. were split 28. Others 29. (had) made 30. better 31. that 32. of 33. who 34. if 35. disciplining 36. whether/if 37. a 38. sitting 39. to answer 40 replied 41-50 KCFAH DIBGE 51-65 CBCDA BDCAB ACDBD 66-69 ABDC 70-73 BACD 74-77 BACD 78. Just the sight of the mobile phone can distract attention 79. spend 2 more hours a day 80. People‘s need for a constant connectivity. 81. Turn off the phone and put it away. 1. Many spelling mistakes can be avoided if you check your composition carefully. 2. The gardener told him that this kind of trees was difficult to transplant. 3. The whole nation was in deep grief at the news that Lee Kuang Yew had passed away. 4. Not until series of air crash happened did people begin to pay attention to pilots‘ psychological health. 5. Make a habit of watching weather forecast every day, so that you can cope with the unpredictable and changeable weather in shanghai. 【闸北】 1-10 BCCDC ABCCD 11-13 CBD 14-16 CBD 17. camera 18. dishwasher 19. pests 20. electricity 21. academic resources 22. Original papers 23. Lasting memorial 24. Public donations 25. are convinced 26. with 27. which 28. most common/commonest 29. Those 30. though 31. even if/even though 32. aged 33. whatever 36. when 37. must 38. to realize 39. did 40. a 41-50 JAHGC DBKFI 51-65 ABCDA CBDAB ABCDD
2015 年二模 分类汇总 Kiwi
66-69 BDCD 70-73 DCAB 74-77 ADCB 78. An explosion of lawsuits. 79. Its shared use pattern. 80. By powering off the self-driving car. 81. the poor application of the technology. 1. Language practice needs to be based on enough vocabulary. 2. At least 50% of the sale of the world‘s luxury cars depends on the fast-rising Asian market. 3. No matter how many excuses he made up, he had to pay the price for the consequences caused by his errors. 4. A person must realize his strong and weak points before he can reasonably set up the goal for life and struggle for it without regrets or complaints. 5. audience who attended the industrial exhibition all sang the praises of the family automatic alarm system promoted by one exhibitor.
2015 年二模 分类汇总 Kiwi
2015 年二模 分类汇总 Kiwi
2015 年二模 分类汇总 Kiwi
2015 年二模 分类汇总 Kiwi