【北师大版】(安徽专用)2012届高三英语一轮复习精品学案:M1_Unit_1 Lifestyles

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Unit1 Lifestyles Module1

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课堂点拨 1、suppose vt. 推想, 假设, 以为, 认为 ①suppose thatclause ②suppose sb./sth. to be + adj./n. ③suppose sb./sth. to do/to be doing/to have (been) done ④be supposed to do = should do 意为“应该/理应做某事”, 表示被期望或被要求(按规则、 惯例)做某事 ⑤I suppose so/I suppose not/I don't suppose so. 完成句子。 1.我们认为形势会好转。 We suppose that the situation will improve. 2.我们认为彼得是我们公司最好的设计师。 We suppose Peter to be the best designer in our company. 3.我想他已经自学完了大学的全部课程。 I suppose him to have finished all the courses in the university by himself. 4.你不应该在禁烟区吸烟。 You are not supposed to smoke in this nonsmoking area. 2、especially adv. 特别地,尤其 ①和同位语连用,意为“特别是,尤其” I like it very much — especially the last part. 我很喜欢它,尤其是最后一部分。 ②和状语连用 Beijing is beautiful, especially in autumn. 北京很美,尤其在秋天。 especially 与 specially ①especially adv. 特别地,尤其 ②specially adv. 专门地,特地 It is very cold here in winter, especially in December. 这里的冬天特别冷,尤其是 12 月。
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These goats are specially bred for their wool. 这些山羊是专为剪取羊毛而饲养的。 用 especially 和 specially 填空。 1. We are especially busy today. 2. The ring was specially made for her. 3. Is there anything you'd especially like? 4. I came here specially to see you. 3、reduce vt. 减少,缩小(尺寸、数量、价格等),减轻体重;节食 ①reduce sth. Giving up smoking reduces the risk of heart disease. 戒烟会减少得心脏病的风险。 ②reduce…to… 减少到…… ③reduce…by… 减少了 ④reduce sb./sth. to (doing) sth.使陷入(更坏的)境地;使沦落;使陷入窘境 ⑤reduce sth. to sth.将……概括成(或简化为) ⑥reduction n. 减少;降低 完成句子。 1.雇员人数从 40 人减少到了 25 人。 The number of employees was reduced from 40 to 25. 2.过去一年,各项费用已经减少了 20%。 Costs have been reduced by 20% over the past year. 3. 他们的批评使她流下了眼泪。 She was reduced to tears by their criticisms. 4. 他们沦落到沿街乞讨。 They were reduced to begging in the streets. 4、prefer vt. 更喜欢, 宁愿 ① prefer sth. to sth. 比起某物来, 更喜欢某物 ② prefer doing sth. to doing sth. 比起做某事来, 宁愿做某事 ③ prefer to do sth. 宁愿(某人)做某事 ④ prefer sb. to do sth. 宁愿某人做某事
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⑤ prefer to do sth. rather than do sth. 比起做某事来, 宁愿做某事 ⑥prefer it if/when+S+V ⑦prefer thatclause I would prefer that you did not mention my name. 我宁愿你没有说出我的名字。 ⑧preference n. 偏爱;爱好 It's a matter of personal preference. 那是个人的爱好问题。 ⑨have a preference for sth. 对……偏爱,更喜欢…… 完成句子。 1.他说城市生活和农村生活相比,他更喜欢农村生活。 He said he preferred the country life to the city life. 2.他选择了德国, 而我个人倒更喜欢去西班牙。 He chose Germany, but personally I'd prefer to go to Spain. 3.即使在假日,他也宁愿干点什么而不愿闲着。 Even on holidays, he prefers doing something to doing nothing. 4. 她喜欢生活在普通人中间。 She prefers to live with the common people.

5. 她宁愿和我们一道去,而不愿留下。 She preferred to stay with us rather than stay behind. 6. 我说不出自己有什么特别偏好。 I can't say that I have any particular preference. 7. 我倒宁愿他去完成这个任务。(prefer sb. to do sth.) I prefer him to finish the task. 5、switch off 把……关掉,关上 ① switch on 接通, 开(电器等) =turn on ② switch off 切断(电源等) =turn off ③ switch over (to) 交换位置, 转换 = turn over off 其他短语 ring off 挂断电话
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keep off 远离

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take off 脱掉 carry off 运走 pay off 付清 show off 炫耀

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kick off 踢掉

put off 推迟 give off 放出

set off (for)出发去某地(= set out for);爆炸 完成句子。 1. Tell the boy to switch off all the lights as he leaves the room in order to save electricity. 2. I don't like watching TV series. Could you switch over to the Sports Channel? 3. The house is so dark. Please switch on the light. 4. Tom switched off the TV because it was time for him to sleep. 5. It's such a long way. Let me drive first and then we switch over. 6、go off vi. (炸弹)爆炸;(闹钟)响起;离开;变坏;不再喜欢;入睡 go 常用短语 go down 往下走, 减少 go in for 参加(考试或比赛);喜欢, 爱好 go into 进入……的彻底调查;详细调查 go out 离开, 熄灭 go through 经历;完成任务 go up 到高处; 增加; 建立 猜猜下列 go off 在句中的意义。 (离开)1. He always goes_off without saying goodbye. (变坏)2. Meat soon goes_off in this hot weather. (爆炸)3. The bomb went_off by accident. (不再喜欢)4. I've gone_off beer. (入睡)5. Hasn't the baby gone_off yet? 7、take up 拿起,开始从事, 吸取, 接纳;占据(时间或空间);打断(某人) ① take up the telephone receiver 拿起电话听筒 ② take up a child 抱起一个孩子 ③ take up much of your time 占用你很多时间 ④ take up all my attention 占用我所有的注意力
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go after 追逐, 试图得到

go over 复习

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⑤ take up my work 继续干我的活 ⑥ take up business 从商 ⑦ take up arms 拿起武器 ⑧ take up golf after his retirement 退休后开始打高尔夫 take 短语 take sth. away 消除,解除 take down 拿下;拆除;记下

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take after 在相貌、脾气或性格上相似 take back 收回(所说的话等) take…for 把……视作; 误认为 take in 吸收; 收缩, 在尺寸上减小; 理解; 欺骗,诱骗 take off 脱掉(衣服等); 广泛使用,大受欢迎; 起飞; 休假 take on 雇;雇佣; 呈现;摆架子,假装 take over 接管;获得对……的控制或管理 take to 养成习惯;有了……的习惯;开始持续地做;喜欢上……;和……变得亲近 用适当的介词或副词填空。 1. Don't take silence for approval. 2. He couldn't take in the meaning of the word. 3. This is a new movie that has really taken off. 4. His father took on more workers during the harvest. 5. When did he take up football? 6. I am longing to take a few days off so as to relax myself a little bit. 7. Take down what I say as it will be important to the exam you are going to take. 8. His voice took on a more serious tone, which made us worried. 9. Don't be taken in by his sweet talks. 10.He hasn't taken to his new school and often recalls the old one. 8、be filled with = be full of 被充满着 fill v. 使……充满, 注入 英译汉。
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1. I am filled with desire to go back home. 我心中充满了回家的渴望。 2.Our teacher always fills our brain with too much knowledge. 我们的老师经常给我们灌输太多的知识。 3.The garden is filled with all kinds of flowers. 花园里遍布各种各样的花。 4.The hall was filled with choking clouds of smoke. 大厅里充满了使人透不过气来的烟雾。 9、prevent sb. (from) doing sth. 阻止某人做某事 ① prevent sb./sth. (from) doing ② prevent sb./sth. (from) being done ③ Nobody can prevent our getting married. Nobody can prevent us getting married. Nobody can prevent us from getting married. 谁也阻止不了我们结婚。 ④What can we do to prevent the disease (from) spreading? 我们能做什么来阻止这种疾病蔓延呢? ⑤Nobody can prevent our plan from being carried out. 没有人可以阻止我们计划的实施。 prevent…from…与 protect…from… ①prevent…from…中的 from 后面只能接动词- 形式, 意为“防止……做某事”; ing ②protect…from…意为“保护……使其免受危害”, from 后只能接名词或者代词, 而且这个 名词或者代词通常是表示能够带来危害的事物。 选择填空。 1.He raised his arm to protect (protect/prevent) his child from hurt. 2.To prevent (protect/prevent) our muscle from getting hurt, we need to do some warm- before up exercise. 3.Nothing can prevent (protect/prevent) me (from) going forward. 4.They huddled together to protect (protect/prevent) themselves from the wind. 10、come up with 提出, 想出
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He's come up with a great idea. 他想出了一个绝好的办法。 come up: ① (植物) 长出地面;破土而出 ② (太阳/月亮) 升起 ④ 被提及;被讨论

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③ 发生 (happen)

⑤ (事情或时间) 即将发生(或出现、到来) ⑥ 来到 (to arrive) 完成句子。 1. 那些水仙花刚开始破土发芽。 The daffodils are just beginning to come up. 2. 我们观看了日出。 We watched the sun come up. 3. 他想不出一个合适的答案。 He could not come up with a proper answer. 4. 谈话中提到了这个话题。 The subject came up in conversation. 5. 她的生日即将来临。 Her birthday is coming up soon. 6. 会上一定会讨论这个问题。 The question is bound to come up at the meeting. 7. 恐怕有紧急事情发生。 I'm afraid something urgent is coming up. 11、to be honest 说实话 作插入语, 一般放在句首, 在非正式语体中放在句中,也可以放在句尾, 表示说话 人的主观看法。 To be honest, I think it is difficult for me to make out what he is saying. 老实说, 我觉得要理解他正在说什么很困难。 【提示】同义短语 to tell you the truth To tell you the truth, I don't agree with what my teacher said.
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说实话, 我并不同意我老师说的话。 其他插入语: generally speaking 总的来说 frankly speaking 坦白说 honestly speaking 老实说 add to, add…to…, add up 与 add up to ① add to 增加,加强 ② add…to…把……加入…… ③ add up 把……加起来 ④ add up to 总共有; 意味着 12、 英译汉。 1.That trip added greatly to her understanding and knowledge of the country. 那次旅行大大加深了她对那个国家的了解和认识。 2.I have added two names to the list. 我在名单上加了两个名字。 3.Add your scores up and we'll see who won. 把你的得分加起来,我们就可以看出谁赢了。 4.The costs we spent on this product added up to more than $100,000. 我们花在这个产品上的成本总计超过 10 万美元。 5.His evidence really adds up to this: he didn't murder the man. 他的证据实际上意味着:他没有谋杀那个人。 6.Since she is so angry, you should not add fuel to the flames. 既然她已经这样生气了, 你就不应该火上加油了 13、result from 由……引起 ①result in=bring about/on 导致,造成了 ②be the result of=be due to 由……引起, 是由于…… 完成句子。 1.这次大火是由粗心引起的。
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The fire resulted from/was the result of/was due to carelessness. 2.紧张和疲劳常使人精神不集中。 Stress and tiredness often result in/bring on a lack of concentration. It takes sb. …to do sth. sb. spends sth. on sth./in doing sth. sth. costs sb. sth. 以上三个句型都表示某人在某件事上花费时间和精力。 14、 【提示】同是花费,主语不同 ①take 表示“花费”, 常用 it 作主语, 表示“花费精力、时间”; ②spend 表示“花费”, 人作主语, 表示“花费时间、精力”; ③cost 表示“花费”, 物作主语, 一般表示“花钱”。可以用人/物作主语,表示“使付出代价”。 汉译英。 1. 她花了 3 个小时修理她的自行车。(take) It took her three hours to mend her bicycle. 2. 有些学生每天花好几个小时在网上聊天。(spend) Some students spent many hours chatting on line every day. 3. 你的罪行将使你失去生命。(cost) Your crime will cost you your life. 4. 那个淘气的男孩使他母亲度过了许多不眠之夜。(cost) The naughty boy cost his mother a number of sleepless nights. 15、not…until…直到……才…… ① Not until S + V (be/助动词/情态动词) + S +…(位于句首时, 主句要采取部分倒装) ② It was not until…that S + V…是强调句式。 ③ until 用于肯定句表示“直到……”,主句谓语动词用延续性动词 ④ until 用于否定句表示“直到……才”,主句谓语动词常用短暂性动词 汉译英。 1. 在你告诉我之前, 我对此一无所知。(not…until) I didn't know about it until you told me. 2. 直到中午雨才停。(Not until…)
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Not until noon did it stop raining.

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3. 直到昨天我才注意到这件事。(It was … until…) It was not until yesterday that I noticed it. 4. 我一直待在那里直到他回来。(until) I stayed there until he came back. 16、so…that… 如此……以至于…… so…that… 引导结果状语从句。 The movie is so interesting that I watched it several times. 几遍。 常用来引导结果状语从句的关联词有 so…that, such…that, so that 等。通常主句是原因,从句 是结果。 Tom was such an honest boy that he was praised by his teacher. Tom 非常诚实,因而受到 老师的表扬。 so…that 和 such…that ① so+adj./adv.+that… ② so+adj. + a(n) +单数可数名词+that ③ such a(n) +adj. +单数可数名词+that ④ such+adj. +复数可数名词/不可数名词+that ⑤ so many/much/few/little(少) + n. 【提示】so 位于句首时, 主句采用部分倒装语序。 She is so short that she can't reach the buttons of the lift. =So short is she that she can't reach the buttons of the lift. 她太矮了, 够不到电梯的按钮。 单项填空。 (B)1.His plan was such a good one ______ we all agreed to accept it. as 完成句子。 2.我跌了这么多跤,以致全身都是青一块紫一块的。 I have so many falls that I'm black and blue. 3. 她点了那么多的菜,我们都吃不了了。
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这部电影如此有趣, 我看了好

B. that

C. so

D. and

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She ordered so much food that we couldn't eat it up. 句型转换。 4. He was such a good boy that everyone loves him. He was so good a boy that everyone loves him. 17、We don't have the_same work hours that office workers in the city have. (P15) 我们不和城市的办公室工作人员拥有同样的工作时间。 ①the same…that…这个句型的意思是“与……同样……”, that 引导定语从句, 它与先行词 所指代的是同一个人或事。 ②the same…as… 和……一样, 和……相同(同一类,非同一个) This is the same book that I lost yesterday. 这就是我昨天丢失的那本书。 This is the same bag as I lost yesterday. 这书包跟我昨天丢失的那个一模一样。 ( )1. (2010· 全国卷Ⅱ)The doctor thought ______ would be good for you to have a holiday. B. that C. one D. it

A. this D

it 作形式主语。

It takes less than fifteen minutes to wash, get changed, have breakfast, leave home and get on a bus. (P9) ( )2. (2008· 山东卷) You'd better not leave the medicine ______ kids can get at it. B. which D. so that

A. even if C. where C where 引导地点状语从句。

We like to visit…and go walking where there are no shops, crowds or the tube. (P14) 了解句子成分与词类之间的关系 句子成分可分为主语、谓语、宾语、表语、补语、定语和状语。 (1)主语(Subject) 主语是一个句子所述说的主体。在句子中可以作主语的词有:名词、代词、数词、v.ing 分词、 不定式、从句等。 To master a foreign language requires time and effort.掌握一门外语需要花时间和气力的。
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Never in my life have I heard or seen such a thing. 我一生从来未听说也从未见过这种事情。 (2)谓语(Predicate) 谓语是由一个动词或动词短语构成的,一般在主语之后。 This book was first published in 1999. 这本书出版于 1999 年。 They live in the suburbs of Shanghai. 他们住在上海市郊。 (3)宾语(Object) 宾语是谓语动词所表示的动作所及的对象。一般在谓语之后。宾语有以下几种: ①直接宾语: 直接宾语是及物动词的直接对象。 可以作直接宾语的有名词、 代词、 数词、 ing v.分词、不定式和从句。 I don't know if_the_news_is_true. 我不知道这消息是否真实。(从句) ②间接宾语:有些及物动词根据意义需要有两个宾语,一个指人,一个指物。指人的叫间接 宾语,一般用人称代词或表示人的名词表示;指物的叫间接宾语。 I'll send Charles_another_ticket. 我会把另一张票送给查尔斯。 ③复合宾语:有些动词除有一个宾语外,还要有一个宾语补足语,句子的意义才能完整。宾 语和宾语补足语合在一起组成的结构,叫做复合宾语。 They made him captain of the ship. 他们让他当了船长。 (4)表语(Predictive) 表语放在系动词之后, 用来说明主语的身份、 特征和状态。 可作表语的词有名词、 代词、 数词、形容词、副词、介词短语、不定式、v.- 分词、v.- 分词和从句等。 ing ed I was surprised at the news. 我听到这个消息时很吃惊。(v.- 分词) ed (5)补语(Object complement) 补语又叫宾语补足语,位于宾语之后,用以补足宾语的内容使句子意义完整。可用作补
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语的词有名词、形容词、副词、介词短语、不定式、v.- 分词和 v.- 分词等。 ing ed They found the boy in_the_well. 他们在井里发现了这个男孩。(介词短语) (6)定语(Attribute) 修饰名词、代词以及相当于名词的其他词的词、短语或从句,称为定语。可作定语的词 有:形容词、代词、数词、名词、所有格、非谓语动词以及从句。 This is a_glorious_but_difficult task. 这是一个光荣而艰巨的任务。(形容词) This is the place where_he_was_born. 这是他出生的地方。(从句) (7)状语(Adverbial) 修饰动词、形容词、副词、介词短语和状语从句以及全句的词、短语或从句称为状语, 可位于句首、句中、句尾。作状语的有:副词、介词短语、不定式、分词和从句。 A man is truly happy only when he is useful to society. 人只有当他对社会有用时,才会真正感到快乐。(副词、从句) Compared with yours,what I've done leaves much to be improved. 和你相比,我做的事还有待改进。(分词)

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