Unit 12 Culture Shock_图文
Unit 12 Culture Shock
Blue: westerners Red: easterners
Time of bathing
What is culture shock?
Culture shock is the personal disorientation(迷失). A person may feel when experiencing an unfamiliar way of life due to immigration or a visit to a new country, a move between social environments, or simply travel to another type of life. One of the most common causes of culture shock involves individuals in a foreign environment. Culture shock can be described as consisting of at least one of four distinct phases: honeymoon, frustration(culture shock), adjustment, and adaption. ----From Wikipedia
grow accustomed to…;not so new;positive
Revision of Unit 12 Culture Shock
Revision of the texts
Revision of words & phrases
Visiting Britain mainly introduces
Check your bill to see if a tip is included
Chinese restaurant; get used to bacon, eggs and toast
Stay in the countryside; accommodation wander through the fields
They find the strangest things funny
(1) Jin Li
felt that she wasn’t welcome after her American friend closed the door as soon as they said goodbye. felt embarrassed because she talked loudly with her friend in an American restaurant. felt that Chinese are too welcoming because he still got more food even by saying “No, thank you”. felt amazed that his friend’s grandfather insisted on walking him to the station. felt that Chinese are modest and not used to being praised face to face.
(2) Wang Lei (3) Martin
Chinese people in America
American people in China
Item When the guest is leaving
American culture After saying goodbye, the host goes back and closes the door_________ at once/immediately Speak quietly _______ in a restaurant.
Chinese culture off the The host will see _____ guest.
common It is ______ to speak loudly in a restaurant.
If you don’t ask for The host keeps on more foodin the more food, you putting ___________ get more don’t _____. guest’s bowl. When being praised Feel happy and ___________. say thanks Some may feel ___________. embarrassed
How to fit in?
重庆卷（2014）改编 visiting Culture differences occur wherever you go. When ____1___(visit) of those differences and another country, you should be aware ___2__ respect them. Here are some tips on how to fit in. Every traveler to a foreign country feels awkward at some point. locals What you do can make ___ 3___ (local) laugh. Your best defense is a If you can laugh off eating with the wrong hand in sense of humor. __4__ India, locals will warm to you as “that crazy foreigner”. Wearing proper clothes is important too, for locals will judge you what by __ 5__ you wear. In some Middle Eastern countries, exposing your impolite flesh is ____ 6___(polite), especially if you are a woman. So leave your torn ___ 7__(tear ) jeans at home. cautious Also be ____ 8____(caution) about expressing emotions. Getting makes angry in Southeast Asia just ___9____(make)you look silly. In some to kiss countries, it is unwise ___10____(kiss)in public.
laugh sth. off
to pretend sth. is less serious than it really is by laughing or joking about it.
warm to sb. (warm up to sb.)
to begin to like someone you have just met.
1.Owe 1).I certainly _____ owe you an apology for not writing more often. 2).China has written off billions of dollars of debt owed by African countries so far. _____
owed much of his success to his 3). Djokovic said he ______ desire to prove he was on their level. 4).I owe ___ it to the doctor that I am still alive. a great deal to my parents and teachers. 5).I owe ___ Owing to fog and haze weather, flights were 6).______ delayed for a couple of hours.
1). We are running out of time, so tell me what happened in
2). The school master gave a brief introduction of the history
of our school.
3). The train will make a brief stop at the station.
a brief stay小住 a brief note 便条
expects to complete the work in April. 1).The company ________ expected to take three weeks. 2).Emergency repairs were ________ expected 3).As _________, the whole family was shocked by the news. of our kids? 4).Do we expect too much ______ expectations 5).His performance did not live up to our _________. expectation , people here don’t have the habit 6). Out of my ___________
of wearing masks. of 7).I don’t know what your expectations are _____ London.
to exchange 1).The meeting gives a chance for people ___________ different views. 2). We freely exchange opinions and ideas with ______our teachers. for pounds? 3).Where can I exchange my dollars ______ in 4). I’ll type your report if you take care of my children ___ exchange. for 5).Should children get allowance in exchange ____ chores? as 6).I was lucky enough to be invited ____ an exchange when I was 17 years old.
5. majority is (be) easy to repair. 1). The majority of the damage ___ are (be) boys. 2). The majority of the students in the class ____
归纳:“the majority of+名词”作主语时,谓 语的数与of后的名词的数保持一致:名词为可 数名词的复数形式时,谓语用复数形式;名词 为不可数名词时,谓语用单数形式。
in the/a majority in Australia while the native people 3). The white are ___ in the/a minority. ____
Opp. : minority
6.wander 1). I was wandering aimlessly about the streets when I caught sight of a pet shop.
2). To reach a definite destination, go along one way, but not wander on many roads. 3). I want to wander the world.
4). Don’t let any of the kids wander off. 5). His mind wanders at times. 走神
e.g. I am wondering whether you can come or not.
6).He started to wander from the point. 偏离
7. cautious 1). Her experiences have made her ________. cautious about giving my 2). I've always been very cautious ________ address to strangers. cautiously to the move. 3). The government responded ___________ caution 4). We must proceed with extreme _________. cautioned them to avoid the forest at night. 5).He __________ caution sign reminds drivers to keep a slow speed. 6). This ________
8.insist on my view. 1). Whatever you say,I will insist _____ 2). Although he knew he had no chance to win, he insisted on _______(have) a try. having should be set was 3). He insisted that he _______(be) innocent and _______(set) free immediately. insistent on good manners. 4).They were _________ insistence she joined them for a drink. 5). At her father’s _________,
1).be busy doing 2).make an apology to sb. for sth. 3).pay for 4).as a result 5).talking of 6).laugh at Verbs followed by –ing: 7).make friends consider/suggest/admit/delay/ 8).choose …from… fancy/avoid/practice/deny/enjoy/ 9).afford to do sth. appreciate/forbid/imagine/risk/ 10).consider doing sth. allow/permit/mind/escape
Verbs followed by infinitive(to do…): decide/determine/learn/ want/expect/hope/wish/ refuse/manage/pretend/ offer/promise/choose/ plan/agree/beg/help/fail
1).胃口好 have a good appetite
2).给…送别 see sb. off
3).盯着…看 stare at
first of all
6).对…感到困惑 be confused about
7).至少 at least
8).与…不同 be different from
9).听起来像 sound like
an embarrassing experience
Reverse culture shock
By kellivschina(China Daily) Before returning home to the US this summer, people warned me I might experience "reverse culture shock". I didn' t have any terrible experiences, but they were right! After living in China for a year there were things about home that surprised me:
I found myself always talking louder than I should have. I guess I’ve gotten used to shouting over the dozens of people that surround me at any given moment in China. People were also shushing me in public places. I forgot that other people could speak English. I know it’s a terrible habit, but I really did develop the practice of talking about whatever I wanted, whenever I wanted, with my English-speaking friends. After all, most of the people walking by can’t understand you, right? Unfortunately in America, if you say something like, “Whoa, look at that guy’s hair!”, chances are he will definitely understand what you’re saying.
Reverse culture shock may take place — returning to one's home culture after growing accustomed to a new one can produce the same effects as described above.
Cultural integration The term cultural integration means the process of one culture gaining ideas, technologies and products of another and so this means that this culture will seem to be integrating into the other.
It is through cultural communication and integration that we learn from each other and grow closer.
Will the traditional culture be gradually lost?
It seems that we are living in the conflict between modern and traditional cultures every day. We eat the popularized fast food and enjoy the popularized "fast food" culture. Since we get so used to such fast things that many traditional things have been neglected, some people believe that the traditional culture will gradually be lost, but I think it will never be lost. Chinese tea culture is always an appealing treasure to people around the world. To some traditional cultures that are on decline, we have taken active measures to conserve them. Experts have come up with proper advice on protecting such cultures. Many volunteers have dedicated themselves to studying them. Therefore, we are sure that our efforts will lead to a brilliant future. There is no need to worry about whether our traditional will be lost. It is an important heritage of the whole human race. No culture, no mankind. We cherish the traditional culture as we cherish our blood in our body. The traditional culture lies in life, forever continuing.
Culture shock hits hard
By Linda Gibson (China Daily)
Before leaving home in America to come work in Beijing, I deliberately avoided seeking information about life in China. If I had known what to expect, my courage might have failed. That ill-advised strategy succeeded in getting me here. But it left me especially vulnerable to an unpleasant experience most expatriates(移民) probably go through ---- culture shock.
It might not be possible to avoid this entirely, certainly not when a Westerner is dropped into the East (or vice versa). But with just a little preparation, I might not have hit the wall so hard. "Hit the wall" refers to encountering an obstacle that blocks progress. Think of a person running head first into a brick wall, and you'll get an idea of what it means. In my case, the "splat" sound of the impact echoes through all my thoughts, perceptions and emotions. The wall became visible when simply reading a local
They came on top of six weeks of disorienting encounters with a culture that leaves me confused, frustrated and annoyed. Every assumption about how things work, what people feel and the way they think turns out to be wrong. Even the simplest tasks, such as feeding myself, are filled with challenges - linguistic, culinary and even hand-eye coordination(协调). I seem unable to manipulate chopsticks, so must carry a plastic fork at all times or go hungry. Day by day, I have come closer to ripping great chunks of hair out of my head while screaming,
Maybe hitting the wall knocked some sense into me. I already knew, of course, that there is nothing wrong with people here. But I didn't know how much my own culture had affected me. My goal now is to look over that wall to see what's on the other side. It will be a long climb up, but there are two types of hand-holds that can be used along the way. One of them is acknowledging that the American culture I left behind is just as confusing, frustrating and annoying as any other.
The other means of hoisting myself up over the wall involves seeing the beauty and benefits of Chinese culture. That will be far easier once I've managed to recognize my own culturally biased assumptions and be willing to set them aside. So if any of my Chinese hosts see me looking confused, frustrated or annoyed, please be patient. I'm learning. Just don't ask me to give up a fork.
Overcoming culture shock (China Daily)
It is common to experience culture shock after living in a foreign country for an extended period of time and it can sometimes result in bitter feelings toward social norms and standards of the host country. The following tips may help you to cope with living in a new country.
1. Loose your anchor
Anything we see and absorb, we reference with what is seen before. Information we receive in the past becomes our anchor, or reference point. In a way social interactions and expectations are anchored by your previous experiences. But to experience new things is to lose that reference point. It’s hard to lose what you have learned as a child, but they are the things that hold you back from becoming a new person in a new country. Once you lose your anchor, you will be much more curious and tolerable toward new things. This is why children and younger kids learn new languages faster than adults, because they don’t have an anchor to carry around.
2. Be extra curious. If it’s hard to lose your anchor, don’t worry because there is another trick. Be curious about people and things, and why do they do what they do. Many times it will help you to better understand why others act in such a manner. Maybe it’s their culture? But why or how? Many great novelists are excellent analysts of human behavior. Their curiosity never ends. To learn about their subject’s actions they spend countless hours analyzing life among foreign people. Think of yourself as a detective to find a clue, and be extra curious about why people are the way they are.
3. Be genuine and make friends. If you are not a naturally curious or analytical type, here is a good trick that may fit your character. Make new friends and hangout with them as much as you can. If you seem to be bored with them, just make more friends. You can never have too many friends. Just be genuine and make as many friends as possible. After you have enough friends, you can choose which group you may want to fit in with. After a few months of hanging out with them you will be fused within their subculture. If you are too busy to chase after new people, just make a few good friends and treasure them. One of my dearest friends from France said, “You have to make time for others, no matter how busy you are.” and she has tons of friends all over the world. Friends will ease culture shock and help you to get around.
4. Be out, not in. People who are more outgoing and social tend to have a much easier time overcoming cultural shock. That means go OUT! Don’t lock yourself in your room and be lonely. Don’t get on Facebook, YouTube, or start watching a television series until midnight and reminisce about your past life in the States. I did that for a while and my condition worsened. My suggestion is this: Do not stay home and read English books and miss home. Stay outside as much as you can. Simply close the door from the outside and walk around the neighborhood or go downtown. When you are outside, you are forced to experience discomfort and day by day, your tolerance foreign things will decrease. One day you will realize that you have changed and you will overcome your cultural shock.
5. Be nobody. Ok, back home you where a power broker, go-to guy, Mr. Know how, moneymaker, go-getter or whoever. I mean your socio-economic position was much higher than where you stand in a new country. Naturally people will treat you differently, and you will have to deal with interesting characters that previously had no business being in your life. It can be stressful and even minimal, and things can get to you. The best way to overcome this type of anxiety is to forget who you are. Just be nobody! But always remember your goal and why you are in a new place. You can’t change other people, especially in a whole new country, but you can change yourself. Being nobody will only help you to overcome social differences and challenges. When you finally drop your guard and insecurities, you can be anybody you want in your new country.
6. Be prepared to fail. The biggest threat in overcoming culture shock is missing your loved ones back home. It’s the hardest thing to deal with, especially is it’s your first time away from home. Even if you’re from an individualistic society, you will end up missing someone. Missing your wife and children is especially hard. The best way to deal with this is to focus on your goals and push yourself to achieve those goals. Read positive messages and books to keep your mind from going OFF. Keep your mind busy and be active with your body. Exercise regularly and wrap your mind around your sole purpose of being in your new place.
1). I certainly owe you an apology for not writing more often. 2). I’ve just been so busy studying and trying to absorb all the new things around me—I think I’m still experiencing culture shock. 3). I wish your visit wasn't going to be so brief but there's a lot we can do and see in a week.
4).When I first arrived in San Francisco, I had a difficult time understanding certain aspects of the American way of doing things. 5). I was enjoying my dessert and talking to my American friend Janice at the table when I noticed people staring at us. 6). I don’t know what your expectations are of London, but knowing that you’ve never travelled outside of Asia, I thought I’d tell you a bit about what you can expect to find.
Even as Traditional Chinese Culture spreads around the world and more people become interested in Chinese, foreign culture and concepts have begun to spread into China. This is inevitable as development is increasing communication and integration. More and more foreigners are studying Chinese and great masses of Chinese people are studying English in order to aid this goal of communication. Yet, even popular cultural aspects have begun to spread as well. Chinese people are beginning to celebrate Western holidays. This can be contrasted with growth of interest in Chinese culture abroad. Chinese food is a phenomenon on its own as can be seen in the growth of such restaurants in North America and Europe. A large part of this expansion into areas outside of Asia is due to the immigration of Chinese people that has gone on for centuries. China Towns in San Francisco, New York, and London have provided gateways from which Chinese culture has been able to spread. This had increased as business with China has expanded and international ties are forged. It is through cultural communication and integration that we learn from each other and grow closer.