必修一 1. While walking the dog, you were careless and it got loose and was hit by a car. =While you were walking the dog, …在遛狗时，你不小心让狗挣脱了绳子，结 果狗被车撞了。（当 while, when, , though/although/ once, if, unless）等引导的 时间状语从句中的 2.语与主句的主语一致时， 可将从句中的主语和 be 动词省 去。） Once educated to speak properly, the girl could pass herself off as a duchess at an ambassador’s garden party 2. It was the first time in a year and a half that I’d seen the night face to face. 3. there was a time when….: 曾经有段时间。。。。 这是我一年半以来第一次目睹夜晚。 4. I would be grateful if you could give me some advice. 如果您给我提些建议， 我会非常感谢的。 （I would be grateful if… 委婉客气提出请求） 5..It is not easy for a Chinese person to speak English as well as a native English speaker. (对于一个中国人来说把英语说得跟以英语为母语的人一样好是不容易的。) 句型：It is + adj/n+ for sb to do sth 对于某人来说做某事是… 6. It was my sister who first had the idea to cycle along the Mekong River. 强调句基本句型：it is/ was…. that….其中指人时可用 who(主)，whom(宾)。 7. Water, food and electricity were hard to get. 句型：主语+ be + adj + to do 其中 to do 用主动形式表示被动含义 8.All hope was not lost. all 与 not 连用 表示部分否定 9. Only then did we decide to answer violence with violence. only 放在句首且后接状语时（作状语：副词；介词短语；状语从句），要使用 部分倒装------才用一般疑问句语序。 10. They were not cleverer than me but did pass the exams (do, does; did 后加动词 原形， 表示强调) 11. Your speech was heard by a group of five judges, all of whom agreed it was the …. 12. Without the new paints and the new technique, we would not be able to see the many great masterpieces for which this period is famous. 13. Later, Fredrick William I, to whom the amber room belonged, decided not to keep it( 介词，不定代词提前的定语从句) 必修二 1. It is his job to look into any reports of cultural relics that have been found in China. （it 做形式主语）. 他的工作是调查研究所有关于在中国发现的文物的报告。 2. There is no doubt that the search for those lost cultural relics will continue. 毫无疑问，搜寻那些丢失的文物的工作将会继续下去。 3.. I could have lent him the money but he didn’t tell me he needed it. 我本可以借给他钱，可他没有告诉我他需要钱。
6. It has been proved that pride goes before a fall. 事实证明骄必败。 （it 作形式主语） 7. What he had reasoned about the theory proved (to be) true. 他对该原理的推理证明是正确的。 （主语从句） 8. With the help of computer, you may not find it hard to deal with and share information. (it 做形式宾语) 在电脑的帮助下，你会发现处理和分享信息是不难的。 9.The tour companies applied to be allowed to hunt some for a fee, which made a lot of money for the farmers. （非限制性定语从句）. 10. They put an advertisement in a newspaper looking for rock musicians. （现在分 词做状语）. 他们在报纸登了广告，想招摇滚乐手。 必修三 1. The country, covered with cherry tree flowers, looks forward to the end of winter and to the coming of spring.（过去分词作后置定语） 2. It’s obvious that the manager of the coffee shop was waiting …..（it 作形式主语） 3. Dressed in the finest clothes, he drove by the brothers’ house in Portland Place, and, seeing they were back, went to get Portia at …..（过去分词作状语） 4. It’s well-known that Americans like to eat a lot（it 作形式主语） 5. I found myself carried out to sea by a strange wind.（过去分词作宾语补足语） 6. Nothing could be better. 7. He couldn’t have Yonghui getting away with telling people lies. 8. The next morning I’d just about given myself up for lost when I was spotted by a ship. 9. He was studying in his study when he heard a screaming 10. It’s so wet there that the trees are extremely tall, some measuring over 90 meters. （so…that…结构） 必修四 1.Only after her mother came to help her for the first few months was she allowed to begin her project.（倒装句） 2.Watching a family of chimps wake up is our first activity of the day.（动名词作主 语） 3.You may find it astonishing that Charlie was ….（it 作形式宾语） 4.Unfortunately his father died, leaving the family ever worse off. （现在分词作状语） 5.Not all cultures greet each other the same way, Nor are they comfortable in the same way with touching or distance between people.（倒装句） 6.To enter a world of fantasy about ancient England, come to Camelot Park!（不定式 作状语） 7. Some festivals are held to honor the dead or to satisfy the ancestors, who might either to help or to do harm. ( either….or….引导并列结构) 必修五 1. He was so absorbed in a book that he did not hear the bell.（so…that…结构） 2. It took them two years to construct the bridge.
3. 4. 5. 6. 7.
The new school is still under construction. The only way to conquer English is to practice constantly! Instead of throwing away the rubbish, why not recycle it? The questions put forward at the meeting are of vital importance.（定语从句） As teachers, you must believe that you can make a difference to the lives of your students.（宾语从句）
选修六 1.If the rules of perspective had not been discovered, people would not have been able to paint such realistic pictures. 如果没有发现透视法,人们就不可能画出如此逼真的画. 2. When people first saw his paintings they were convinced they were looking through a hole in the wall at a real scene. 当人们第一次看到他的画时,他们确信他们是从墙上的一个孔看一个真实的场面. 3. Nowadays, there are scores of modern art styles, but without the impressionists many of these painting styles would not exist. 如今，现代艺术风格已经有好几十种，然而如果没有印象派，那么这许多 不同的风格就不可能存在。 4. It’s amazing that at my age I am still fit enough to cycle 20 kilometers in an afternoon. 感到惊奇吧，向我这样的年纪，身体健康，能在一个下午骑车跑 20 公里。 （it 作 形式主语） 5. I didn’t know it could do terrible damage to your heart and lungs or that it was more difficult for smoking couples to become pregnant. 我不知道抽烟会严重损害人的心脏和肺， 也不知道吸烟的夫妇的生育能力会 下降。 （it 作形式宾语） 6.That probably doesn’t sound very much to you or to me but it is a rapid increase compared to most natural changes.这对你我来说很可能是无所谓的， 但是跟多数自 然变化相比较而言，这却是一种快速的增长。 7. There is no doubt that the earth is becoming warmer but there is fierce debate over whether it is human activity that has caused this global warming or whether it is just a natural phenomenon. 毋庸质疑的是地球正在变暖,但关于它变暖的原因是由于人 类活动所致还是一种自然现象还存在激烈的争论。 8..Having collected and evaluated the information , I help other scientists to predict where lava from the volcano will flow next and how fast it will flow . 收集和评估这 些信息之后，我就帮助其他科学家一起预测熔岩接着将往何处流，流速是多少。 （非谓语动词的完成时） 9.. It is said that the boy , who had a great gift for language and persuasion , is the father of the Manchu people .据说这个男孩就是满族人的祖先，他具有语言天赋和很强的 说服力。 选修七
1. She is proud to have taken part in competitions and to have broken a record by running two laps(800 metres) this year. 2. The few who cannot see the real person inside my body do not make me annoyed, and I just ignore them. 3. I have a very busy life with no time to sit around feeling sorry for myself. 4. Just accept them for who they are, and give them encouragement to live as rich and full a life as you do. 5. As she turned around, there stood Gladys Claffern. 6. Asimov began having stories published in science fiction magazines in 1939. 7. It was a time when the killer whales, or “killers” as they were then called, helped the whalers catch the baleen whales that were on their annual migration. 8．I had already heard that George didn’t like being kept waiting, so even though I didn’t have the right clothes on, raced after him. 9.I’m sitting in the warm night air with a cold drink in my hand and reflecting on the day-a day of pure magic! 10 When I reach the school grounds there are lots of “good morning” for me from the boys. 11You asked whether I’m getting to know any local people. 12 I have been so occupied with work that I haven’t had time for social activities. 选修八 1. It also has the distinction of being the most multicultural state in the USA,having attracted people from all over the world.(现在分词的完成时作定语) 2. Then came the disturbing news that Dolly had become seriously ill.(同位语从句) 3. The great drawback to cloing a group of animals is that they would all have the same arrangement of genes and so might die of the same illness. 4. Here was a chance for me to distinguish myself by inventing something merciful that would catch snakes but not harm them.(倒装句，定语从句) 5. This was the expectation that the snakes would bite again.(同位语从句) 6. Having heard wolves howling in the forest,Lala accelerated her walk up the path to the caves fearing that there might be wild beasts lying in wait for her.(非谓语的 现在完成时)