William Blake& Robert Burns_图文

William Blake
? 1757– 1827

? Early life
? Born on 28 November 1757, in London; the son of a haberdasher(男 装店店主) ? His only formal education was in art ? At 14 he apprenticed for seven years to a well-known engraver(雕刻师) and began to try his hand at poetry ? Blake started engraving copies of drawings of Greek antiquities A strange, imaginative child; likes reading

William Blake
? Latter life and career
? At 24 he married Catherine Boucher, an illiterate ? 1788-1793, he mixed with such radicals as Thomas Paine, and hailed the French Revolution ? In later life Blake began to sell a great number of his works

The Loneliness of the Genius
? ? ? ? Anti-rationalist 反理性主义者 Dreamer Mystery Isolates from the world

Significance
? A poet as well as an engraver, and a printer
Forerunner of the romantic poetry;

Enable artists to connect with mass one of the most important poets in atext Produced his and design audience and became an immensely history of English literature; on a copper plate gets rid of the shackles of neoclassical important activity by the end of the th century dogma in 18 18th century.

print on paper

handcolored the final copy

Obern, Titania and Puck with Fairies Dancing

The Great Red Dragon and the Woman Closed with Sun

Ancient of Days

Major Works
? Poetical Sketches: his first book of poem, in which he broke with the neoclassical tradition both in form and in content. ? Songs of Innocence (1789) Two contrary states of human soul ? ? Songs of Experience (1794)

? Songs of Innocence ? Sunny ? Delight in life ? Chimney Sweeper ? The Lamb
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? Songs on Experience ? Sad and gloomy ? Evil is found everywhere in this world ? Chimney Sweeper
? The Tyger

The Lamb
Little Lamb who made thee Dost thou know who made thee Gave thee life & bid thee feed. By the stream & o’er the mead; Gave thee clothing of delight, Softest clothing wooly bright; Gave thee such a tender voice, Making all the vales rejoice! Little Lamb who made thee
小羊羔谁创造了你 你可知道谁创造了你

给你生命,哺育着你 在溪流旁边,在青草地; 给你穿上好看的衣裳, 最软的衣裳毛茸茸多漂亮; 给你这样温柔的声音, 让所有的山谷都开心; 小羔羊谁创造了你

? Dost thou know who made thee Little Lamb I’ll tell thee, Little Lamb I’ll tell thee! He is called by thy name, For he calls himself a Lamb: He is meek & he is mild, He became a little child: I a child & thou a lamb, We are called by his name. Little Lamb God bless thee. Little Lamb God bless thee.

? 你可知道谁创造了你, 小羔羊我要告诉你; 他的名字跟你一样, 他也称他自己是羔羊; 他温顺有和蔼, 他变成了一个小小孩, 我是个小孩你是个羔羊 咱两的名字跟他的一样。 小羔羊上帝保佑你。 小羔羊上帝保佑你。 杨苡译

The Tyger
Tyger Tyger, burning bright In the forests of the night; What immortal hand or eye, Could frame thy fearful symmetry? In what distant deeps or skies. Burnt the fire of thine eyes? On what wings dare he aspire? What the hand, dare seize the fire?
老虎!老虎!黑夜的森林中 燃烧着的煌煌的火光, 是怎样的神手或天眼 造出了你这样的威武堂皇? 你炯炯的两眼中的火 燃烧在多元的天空或 深渊? 他乘着怎样的怎样的翅膀击? 用怎样的手来夺火焰?

The to the lamb in the penultimate And what shoulder, &reference what art, 什么样的臂力,什么样的技艺 stanza reminds the reader that a tiger and a lamb Could twist the sinews of thy heart? 才能拧成你那心脏的腱肌? have been created by the same God, and raises questions the implications of this. It also And when thy heart beganabout to beat, 什么样的手 ,什么样的脚 , invites a contrast between the perspectives of What dread hand? what dread feet? 才使得你的心脏开始弹跳? “& experience ” and “innocence ”

What the hammer? what the chain, 用什么样的锤子?什么样的链条? In what furnace was thy brain? 在什么样的炉里炼成了你的大脑? What the anvil? what dread grasp, 在什么样的铁砧上?用什么样的臂力 Dare its deadly terrors clasp! 敢抓住这可以致命的可怕东西? When the stars threw down their spears 当星星投下他们的矛枪, And water’d heaven with their tears: 用他们的泪水浇灌穹苍, Did he smile his work to see? 他见到自己的作品时可微笑? Did he who made the Lamb make thee? 难道是他造了你也造了羊羔?

Artistic Features
1.Imagination is the most important source of his creation. Blake’s world of imagination
Auguries of Innocence Opening lines: To see a world in a grain of sand And a heaven in a wilder flower, Hold infinity in the palm of your hand And eternity in an hour.

一沙一世界, 一花一天堂。 无限掌中置, 刹那成永恒。
----徐志摩译

Artistic Features
2. The poet managed to get rid of the shackles of ration through imagination.
Blake’s verses repeatedly praise the theme of reviving human’s imagination and enthusiasm and being a true man. Blake remarked that ration isn’t equivalent to our ability to acquire more knowledge.

3.Blake created a unique theological system

Artistic Features
? The philosophical perspective of Blake: contrast

The rhetorical technique
? Some of Blake’s favorite rhetorical techniques are personification and the reworking of Biblical symbolism and language. ? Many of the poems are narrative in style; ? make their arguments through symbolism or by means of abstract concepts. ? Blake frequently employs the familiar meters of ballads, nursery rhymes, and hymns, applying them to his own, often unorthodox conceptions.

Impression
? Blake reminds people that contrast is the best and correct way in viewing the object. ? Blake used his “devil’s wisdom” to show the contrast clearly: attacks the industrialization and rationalism directly and advocate the innocent world as well by his unique words and writing style which still embody contrast everywhere.
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Impression
? He writes poem to make people realize how the ruling class oppresses people, how they fetter people’s thoughts and emotions. ? He propose the way to solve is imagination and religion.

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Robert Burns
life

impression

Robert Burns
appreciati on

poems

influence

life
? 1759~1796 ? born in a poor family in Scotland,limited schooling,selfeducated ? full-time farmer at 13,"the unceasig toil of a galley slave" ? 1786,Jamaica,little volume ? Edinburgh;second edition ? 1788,married,leased a unporfitable farm,the happiest life ? 1789,as an exciseman(tax collector) ? 1796,died of a disease at 37

poems

poems

major works

themes

artistic feature

major works
? Poems Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect

? The Scots Musical Museum 《苏格兰音乐总汇》 ? Select Collection of Original Scottish Airs ? 《原始的苏格兰歌曲选集》

famous poems&Theme
struggle for liberity

? The Tree of Liberty《自由树》 ? Scots, Wha Hae《苏格兰人拥有》 ? Holy Willie's Prayer《威利长老的祈祷》
satire on hypocrisy of the clergy

? A Red,Red Rose《我的爱人像朵红红的玫瑰》 ? John Anderson,My Jo《约翰 安德生,我的爱人》 love ? Auld Lang Syne《往昔时光》或《友谊地久天长》
friendship

Artistic feature
? Scots language& Scottish English dialect of the English language ? simplicity ? directness and vivid images ? humour ? beauty of lyricism with deep feeling and musicality ? optimism ? ballad metre

influence
? national poet: his poems parallel with Scotland's national identity ? heaven-taught pioughman:dismising education and pouring out the sentiment of people ? the poet of the pre-romantic period:a pioneer of the Romantic movement;a great source of inspiration to the founder of both liberalism and socialism ? he influenced William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, and Percy Bysshe Shelley greatly. ? Burns Night, in effect a second national day, is celebrated on Burns's birthday, 25 January.

A Red Red Rose
? A Red,Red Rose ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? O my luve is like a red, red rose, That's newly sprung in June; O my luve is like the melodie That's sweetly played in tune. As fair thou art, my bonie lass, So deep in luve am I; And I will luve thee still, my dear, Till a' the seas gang dry.
? ? ? ? ? 我的爱人象朵红红的玫瑰 呵,我的爱人象朵红红的玫瑰, 六月里迎风初开; 呵,我的爱人象支甜甜的曲子, 奏得合拍又和谐。

? ? ? ?

我的好姑娘,多么美丽的人儿! 请看我,多么深挚的爱情! 亲爱的,我永远爱你, 纵使大海干涸水流尽。

A Red Red Rose
? Till a' the seas gang dry, my dear, ? And the rocks melt wi' the sun; ? And I will luve thee still , my dear, ? While the sands o' life shall run.
? ? ? ? And fare thee weel, my only luve, And fare thee weel a while; And I will come again, my luve, Tho'it wre ten thousand mile! ? ? ? ? 纵使大海干涸水流尽, 太阳将岩石烧作灰尘, 亲爱的,我永远爱你, 只要我一息犹存。

? ? ? ?

珍重吧,我惟一的爱人, 珍重吧,让我们暂时别离, 但我定要回来, 哪怕千里万里!

writing technique
? ? ? ? ? ? ? Rhythm(音韵): avoiding plosive(爆破音) using Ballad metre:(谣曲,abcd) Reiterative Locution(重叠): words: Red/luve( 7times) phrases:my dear/ my luve sentences:And I will luve thee still, my dear/Till a' the seas gang dry, my dear ? Synaesthesia(通感): ? visual beauty(rose), aural beauty(melody), gustatory beauty(sweetly played) ? metaphor(比喻):love rose and melody

metaphor
? ? ? ? ? O my luve is like a red, red rose metaphor:point out a relation between two things. think about the intimate detail his love rose a praise or a satire

metaphor
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? my love fresh beautiful sweet human face and body long life conscious ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? rose fresh beautiful sweet vegetative thorns fade in a few days brainless

theme
? main theme: an expression of love, a praise of his lover ? O my luve is like a red, red rose, ? That's newly sprung in June; ? secondary theme: a poem about parting. Their love will last though they are separated. ? And fare thee weel, my only luve, ? And fare thee weel a while; ? And I will come again, my luve, ? Tho'it wre ten thousand mile!

my view
? not be superficial: love and rose
? The poem is not just a way to make his love vivid, but a little drama. ? real love beyound appreance: you don't see a melody in tune.

comparision
汉乐府 上邪
上邪!我欲与君相知,长命无绝衰。 山无棱,江水为竭,冬雷震震, 夏雨雪,天地合,乃敢与君绝!

海枯石烂 sameness: theme: love, sentiment,loyalty author: laboring people song: can be sung

? Till a' the seas gang dry, my dear, ? And the rocks melt wi' the sun; ? And I will luve thee still , my dear, ? While the sands o' life shall run.
? ? ? ? 纵使大海干涸水流尽, 太阳将岩石烧作灰尘, 亲爱的,我永远爱你, 只要我一息犹存。

impression
? ? ? ? For auld lang syne,my dear, For auld lang syne, We will take a cup o'kindness yet, For auld lang syne! 为了往昔时光,老朋友, 为了往昔的时光, 再干一杯友情的酒, 为了往昔的时光! 老朋友哪能遗忘, 哪能不放在心上? 老朋友哪能遗忘, 还有往昔的时光?

? ? ? ?
? ? ? ?

Should auld acquaintance be forgot, And never brought to mind? Should auld acquaintance be forgot, And auld lang syne?
And surely I'll be your pint-stowp, And surely I'll be mine, And we'll take a cup o'kindness yet, For auld lang syne!

你来痛饮一大杯, 我也买酒来相陪。 干一杯友情的酒又何妨? 为了往昔的时光。

impression
? ? ? ? We twa hae run about the braes, And pou'd the gowans fine, But we've wander'd monie a weary fit, Sin' auld lang syne.
我们曾邀游山岗, 到处将野花拜访。 但以后走上疲惫的旅程, 逝去了往昔的时光! 我们曾赤脚瞠过河流, 水声笑语里将时间忘。 如今大海的怒涛把我们隔开, 逝去了往昔的时光!

? ? ?
? ? ? ? ?

We twa hae paidl'd in the burn Frae morning sun till dine, But seas between us braid hae roar'd Sin' auld lang syne.
And there's a hand, my trusty fiere, And gie's a hand o'thine, And we'll tak a right guid-willie waught, For auld lang syne.

忠实的老友,伸出你的手, 让我们握手聚一堂, 再来痛饮—杯欢乐酒, 为了往昔的时光!

appreciation
? scottish;two characters ? familiar with the melody,but unknown about the words. ? the song is commonly accompanied by a traditional dance. ? theme: cherish friendship and celebrate a reunion of friendship.

impression
? what are the styles of his poems?
political poems satirical poems lyrics

impression
? why his poems are such styles?
1.social states :He is a peasant, so his poetry is bone of the bone and flesh of the flesh of the Scottish common. 2. he was influenced by the French Revolution.So themes included republicanism and radicalism. 3.rebellion against the objectivity of rationalism

impression
? why his poems are such styles?
4.change of direction from attention to the outer world of social civilization to the inner world of the human spirit 5.negative attitude toward existing social and political conditions coming with industrialization 6.less mistery than Wiliam Blake's works

Thank you !


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