1997 年英语专业四级考试真题
(Part 1) WRITING [45 MIN.]
Some of your classmates think that more pressure from academic studies is

In the last paragraph, bring what you have written to a natural
Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriacy. Failure to follow the instructions may result in a loss of
SECTION B NOTE-WRITING [10 MIN.] Write a note of about 50- 60 words based on the following
You are Peter/Mary. You had a party at your home recently, but you unintentionally neglected to invite a close friend of yoursVictoria. Write her a note apologizing for this and explaining how the mistake came
Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and

(Part Ⅱ) DICTATION [15 MIN.]
Listen to the following passage. All together the passage will be read to you four times. During the first reading, which will be read at normal speed, listen and try to understand the meaning. For the second and third readings, the passage will be read sentence by sentence, or phrase by phrase, with intervals of 15 to 20 seconds. The last reading will be read at normal speed again and during this time you should check your work. You will then be given 2 minutes to check through your work once
In Sections A, B and C you will hear everything ONCE ONLY, Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the correct

In this section you will hear nine statements. At the end of the statement you will be given 10 seconds to answer each of the following nine
A. John was unhappy with his dormitory. C. John didnt meet me at the door.
A. We are sorry that we both failed.

C. We are amazed by the fact.
A. writing is his favourite course C. one particular course is better than writing D. he doesnt li A. He didnt finish the exercises yesterday. C. He knew the exercises should be handed in today.

D. He doesnt need to hand in the
A. The speaker didnt attend the exam. C. The speaker was good at spelling. D.

A. he was in a hurry to get home C. he needed time to be on his own

In this section, you will hear seven short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation you will be given 10 seconds to 10. Between getting up and her meeting,
A. She hasnt read the passage. B. She C. She cannot read it in darkness.

C. She offers the
A. going directly to the boss C. asking his mother to speak to his boss D

A. They had received a broken computer. C. The computer couldnt be fixed. 16. The coupl
Question 17 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questi

D. They urged Britain to acce Questions 18 and 19 are based on the following news .At the end of the
C. Weste

Questions 20 to 22 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 30 seconds to answer the questions.
21. The current rate of annual increase in the world population is about A. 9 million B. 5.7 mi
C. The document will serve as a guideli

Questions 23 to 25 are based on the following news. At the end of the A. air crash B. traffic accident
A.30 B.400 C (Part Ⅳ) CLOZE [15 MIN.]

Decide which of the choices given below would correctly complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the correct choice
Unlike most sports which evolved over time from street games basketball was designed by one man to suit a particular purpose. The man was Dr. James Naismith, and his purpose was to invent a vigorous game
In 1892, Naismith was an instructor at a training school, which trained physical education instructors for the YMCAs. That year the school was trying(26)___ up with a physical activity that the men could enjoy(27)___ the football and baseball seasons. None of the standard indoor activities(28)___ their interest for long. Naismith was asked to solve the
He first tried to (29)___ some of the popular outdoor sports, but they

were all too rough. The men were getting bruised from tackling each other and (30)___ hit with equipment. So, Naismith decided to invent a game that would incorporate the most common elements of outdoor team sports without having the real physical contact. Most popular sports used a ball. So he chose a soccer ball because it was soft and large enough that it(31)___ no equipment, such as a hat or a racket to hit it. Next he decide(32)___ an elevated goal, so that scoring would depend on skill and accuracy rather than on(33)___ only. His goals were two peach baskets,
basic (35)___ of the game was to throw the ball into the basket. Naismith wrote rules for the game, (36)___ of which, though with some small
Basketball was an immed their friends, and the new sport quickly (39)___ on. Today,

33. A. power B. st

There are twenty-five sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Choose one word or phrase that correctly completes the sentence. Mark your answer in your
41. How can I ever concentrate if you ___ continually ___ me with silly
A. have interrupted B. had interrupte
42. When you have finished with that video tape, dont forget to put it in my drawer, ___?

43. He left orders that nothing ___ touched until the police arrived A. should be B. ought to be
44. Mr. White works with a chemicals import export company, but A. has worked B. works C. has been working D. i 45. The physicist has made a discovery, ___ of great importance to the
46. ___, he is ready to accept suggesti

A. Instead of his contributions C. His making notable contributions A. that needs handling
49. It was as a physician that he represented himself, and he was warmly

C. which I like to visi
52. I felt that I was not yet ___ to trave 53. The plane found the spot and hovered close enough to ___ that it was

54. The encouraging factor is that the ___ majority of people find the idea 55. The increase in student numbers ___ many problems for the 56. Please ___ from smoking 57. Reporters and photographers alike took great ___ at the rude way the

58. Topics for composition should be ___ to the experiences and interests
59. The novel contains some marvellously revealing ___ of rural life in A. glances 60. Sometimes the student may be asked to write about his ___ to a certain book or article that has some bearing on the subject being
61. Picking

63. Two of the children have to sleep in one bed, but the other three have 64. Am I to understand that his new post ___ no responsibility with it at 65. Animals that could not ___ themselves to the changed environment

In this section there are four passages followed by fifteen questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D . Choose the one that you think is the correct answer. Mark your
TEXT A University teaching in the United Kingdom is very different at both
undergraduate and graduate levels from that of many overseas
An undergraduate course consists of a series of lectures, seminars and tutorials and, in science and engineering, laboratory classes, which in total account for about 15 hours per week. Arts students may well find that their official contact with teachers is less than this average, while science and engineering students may expect to be timetabled for up to 20 hours per week. Students studying for a particular degree will take a series of lecture courses which run in parallel at a fixed time in each week

and may last one academic term or the whole year. Associated with each lecture course are seminars, tutorials and laboratory classes which draw upon, analyze, illustrate or amplify, the topics presented in the lectures, lecture classes can vary in size from 20 to 200 although larger sized lectures tend to decrease as students progress into the second and third year and more options become available. Seminars and tutorials are on the whole much smaller than lecture classes and in some departments can be on a one-to-one basis (that is, one member of staff to one student).Students are normally expected to prepare work in advance for seminars and tutorials and this can take the form of researching a topic for discussion, by writing essays or by solving problems. Lectures, seminars and tutorials are all one hour in length, whilst laboratory classes usually last either 2 or 3 hours. Much emphasis is put on how to spend as much time if not more studying by themselves as being taught. In the UK it is still common for people to say that they are reading for a degree! Each student has a tutor whom they can consult on any matter whether academic or personal .Although the tutor will help, motivation for study
66. According to the passage, science and engineering courses seem to be

67. Which of the following is the length of lectures or seminars or
C. seminars and tutorials D. lectures an TEXT B
Who said the only way to learn about a country you can t visit is by reading a book? Dan Eckberg s television students at Hopkins High School know better. Theyre seeing countries and learning about cultures with the ai

Using computers, satellite hookups, and telephone hotlines, Eckbergs students have already followed a team of cyclists 11,500 miles across the continent of Africa, sat atop Mount Kilimanjaro, and sweltered in the Sahara This winter theyll interact with an expedition exploring Central America
How? By following Eckberg and his class as they track the adventures of Dan and Steve Buettner, two world-class bicyclists from U S A. Starting last month these two bicyclists, joined by archaeologists and a technical support team, are interacting with students via the Internet, the worldwide
From classroom or home computer, students can make research proposals to the Buettners or the archaeologists at the various Central American
We hope that someone will ask a question that can t readily be answered,

says Hopkins High School student Barry Anderson, and through the
Having students discover why a civilization as advanced as the Maya collapsed in the 9th century is one key goal for the leaders of the Maya Quest expedition. The more important goal is using interactive learning to discover the cause of the decline and compare it to issues we face
Ten lesson planson topics ranging from the Maya language to the Maya
Through a combination of live call-in television and the Internet, says Eckberg, were hoping to build excitement and engagement in learning in
69. Dan Eckber

70. Which of the following activities is NOT involved in Dan Eckberg
TEXT C Most earthquakes occur within the upper 15 miles of the earths surface. But earthquakes can and do occur at all depths to about 460 miles. Their number decreases as the depth increases. At about 460 miles one earthquake occurs only every few years. Near the surface earthquakes may run as high as 100 in a month, but the yearly average does not vary

much. In comparison with the total number of earthquakes each year, the
The extent of the disaster in an earthquake depends on many factors. If you carefully build a toy house with an Erector set, it will still stand no matter how much you shake the table. But if you build a toy house with a pack of cards, a slight shake of the table will make it fall. An earthquake in Agadir, Morocco, was not strong enough to be recorded on distant instruments, but it completely destroyed the city. Many stronger earthquakes have done comparatively little damage. If a building is well constructed and built on solid ground, it will resist an earthquake. Most deaths in earthquakes have been due to faulty building construction or poor building sites. A third and very serious factor is panic. When people
The United Nations has played an important part in reducing the damage done by earthquakes. It has sent a team of experts to all countries known to be affected by earthquakes. Working with local geologists and engineers, the experts have studied the nature of the ground and the type of most practical building code for the local area. If followed, these suggestions will make disastrous earthquakes almost a thing of the

There is one type of earthquake disaster that little can be done about. This is the disaster caused by seismic sea waves, or tsunamis. (These are often called tidal waves, but the name is incorrect. They have nothing to do with tides. ) In certain areas, earthquakes take place beneath the sea. These submarine earthquakes sometimes give rise to seismic sea waves. The waves are not noticeable out at sea because of their long wave length. But when they roll into harbours, they pile up into walls of water 6 to 60 feet high. The Japanese call them tsunamis, meaning harhour waves , because they r
Tsunamis travel fairly slowly, at speeds up to 500 miles an hour. An adequate warning system is in use to warn all shores likely to be reached by the waves. But this only enables people to leave the threatened shores
B. Roughly the same number of earthquakes occur each y

D. Earthquakes are most likely to occur near the surfaces. C. wi 74. The significance of the slow speed of tsunamis is that people may

One of the good things for men in womens liberation is that men no longer have to pay women the old-
In an article on the new manners, Ms. Holmes says that a perfectly able woman no longer has to act helplessly in public as if she were a model. For example, she doesnt need help getting in and out of cars, Women get in and out of cars twenty times a day with babies and dogs. Surely they
She also says there is no reason why a man should walk on the outside of a woman on the sidewalk. Historically, the man walked on the inside so he caught the garbage thrown out of a window. Today a man is supposed to walk on the outside. A man should walk where he wants to. So should a woman. If, out of love and respect, he actually wants to take the blows, he should walk on the insidebecause thats where attackers are all hiding

As far as manners are concerned, I suppose I have always been a supporter of women s liberation. Over the years, out of a sense of respect, I imagine, I have refused It is usually easier to follow rules of social behaviour than to depend on ones own taste. But rules may be safely broken, of course, by those of us with the gift of natural grace. For example, when a man and woman are led to their table in a restaurant and the waiter pulls out a chair, the woman is expected to sit in the chair. That is according to Ms. Ann Clark.
It came up only the other night. I followed the hostess to the table, and when she pulled the chair out I sat on it, quite naturally, since it happened
Did what? I asked, utterly con
Actually., since I d walked through the restaurant ahead of my wife , it

would have been awkward, I should think, not to have taken the chair. I
Also, it has always been my custom to get in a car first, and let the woman get in by herself. This is a courtesy I insist on as the stronger sex, out of love and respect. In times like these, there might be attackers hidden about. It would be unsuitable to put a woman in a car and then shut the door on her, leaving her at the mercy of some bad fellow who
A. men should walk on the inside of a sidewalk
C. in womens liberation men are also liberated

C. was slow in understanding D. had f
78. The author always 79. The author is ___ about the whole question of manners and womens A. j

A. Manners ought to be thrown away altogether. C. Women no longer need to be helped in public.
SECTION B SKIMMING AND SCANNING [5 MIN.] In this section there are six passages followed by ten questions or unfinished statements. Skim or scan the passages as required and then TEXT E

81. The authors general attitude towards the reduction in the university
15th April, 199〖CD#1〗
I fully understand the opposition expressed by my colleagues to the reduction in the university budget. Nevertheless one is forced to recognize that in times of financial difficulty the university has a duty to decide where money can be saved. I believe, however, that it would be wrong for the university to make the same cuts in all departments without considering national priorities. May I suggest that there are some

departments which must continue to be financed at existing levels if these are to produce the fully trained professionals which the country needs. Surely it is a national priority to train competent teachers, scientists, engineers and doctors. If there have to be cuts this year, the relevant departments should not face the same reduction as other departments in
Head of Department of Mechanical Engineeri

A. doctors can produce magic
C. modern medicine can cure all illnesses D. a healthy mind is
For more than five thousand years Chinese doctors have used needles to fight illness. This kind of medicine is called acupuncture. The doctor studies the sick person carefully. Then he puts needles into that persons body at the right places for his illness. Chinese doctors believe that they can control the bodys natural forces in this way. At first, doctors in the West thought that this was just another kind of magic. Recently, however, they have found out that it is possible to cure many illnesses like this because the needles help the body to produce its own medicines. In this
Nowadays doctors can do a lot of wonderful things. They can use thousands of medicines. They can give you pills and injections. They can

even give you mechanical legs or a new heart. Sometimes modern medicine works like magic. But there are still a lot of illnesses that drugs and medicines cannot cure completely. Medicine is not only a science; it is an art, too. And in the art of medicine, the mind is very important. You TEXT G
83. The passage informs
Our system for sorting out anything to do with credit cards is as

thorough as that for any other problem. However, they are dealt with by a To begin with, please detail your complaint in writing to: The Senior Manager, Card Services, Essex House, Southchurch Avenue, Southend-onWe will do our best to reach an agreement with you. Please note that if your problem concerns your Bank Payment Card, you should contact

HMS Belfast is a cruiser. She was launched in March 1938 and served throughout the Second World War, playing a leading part in the destruction of the German battle cruiser Seharnhorst at the Battle of North Cape and in the Normandy Landings. After the war, she supported United Nations forces in Korea and remained in service with the Royal
In 1971 she was saved for the nation as a unique and historic reminder of
A free guide leaflet is available to help you find your way around this huge and complex warship and your tour will take you from the ships Quarterdeck up to the top of her Bridge and all the way down through seven decks to her massive Boiler and Engine Rooms, well below the

TEXT I 87. Which of the following is NOT es

Our legal department requires a mature, competent secretary who will report to one senior lawyer and one assistant lawyer. The successful candidate will have a solid background in organizational work, advanced skill in shorthand and data processing, combined with at least two to three years of legal secretarial training. Some experience in real estate could be an asset. Sun Life offers excellent opportunities for personal advancement. Salary will be in accord with qualifications, beginning at a minimum of $ 2 000 per month. A superior benefit package and an attractive incentive programme are included. Begin at once. Interviews will be held Monday through Friday, April 14th to 18th. Applicants are requested to mail
Sun Life Insurance Compa

TEXT J 89. How long did the priest and police

C. Her boyfriend cam
John, a fireman, leaped from the roof of an apartment block to save a lovesick woman who had jumped out of her fifthIt was the kind of action that normally belongs to the pages of the cartoon character. John, wearing a harness and line, actually caught 25-year-old Jenny G Jenny had been leaning out of the window for several hours threatening to

jump. My lover has left me, she shouted. Im alone with a small baby, and
As a priest and policeman talked to her through loudhailers from the street, John and his colleague quietly made their way up the stairs of the sixJohn put on his harness and attached it to a pillar. Then he leaned over a
After five hours of fruitless chatting with the priest and the police, the
John was watching her every movement. Then she jumped to what would
Heavier than Jenny, he fell faster. By the time she was level with the 2nd floorand only 30ft from the groundhe grabbed her. John said, We were swinging in space. Luckily she was so surprised that she did not try to
As the police raced to the roof, the other fireman hauled them up to

Later Jenny said, I must have been out of my mind.