高中英语句型归纳 1. There is no doing 结构。其意为“不可能…”、“无法…”： There’s no denying the fact. 这一事实不容否认。 There is no getting over the difficulty. 这困难无法克服。 There is no knowing what he will do next. 无法知道他下一步要干什么。 There was no telling when she would be back。没法知道她什么时候回来。 2. There is no difficulty in doing sth 结构。意为“做某事没有困难”： There is no difficulty in finding his office. 找到了他的办公室没费一点劲。 There was no difficulty in carrying out the plan. 执行这项计划没什么困难。 3. There’s no doubt of sth. / dong sth / that … 结构。意为“毫无疑问…”： There is no doubt of his success. 毫无疑问他一定会成功。 There could be no doubt that he was one of the best writer in this country. 毫无疑问他是这个国 家最优秀的作家之一。 4. There is no hurry (to do sth) 句式。其意为“不用急(于做某事)”： There’s no hurry to return the book. 现在不急于还书。 There’s no hurry, so do it slowly and carefully. 不用赶时间，要慢慢细心地做。 5.There’s no need ( for sb. ) to do sth. …结构。其意为“不需要或不必要…”： There is no need for help. 不需要帮助。 There is no need for you to go. 你没有必要去。 8. There is no sense in doing sth 结构。意为“做某事没有道理或好处”： There’s no sense in criticizing him. 批评他也没有用。 There’s no sense in waiting three hours. 等三小时是不没有道理的。 9. There’s no point in doing sth 句式。意为“做某事没有用”： There’s no point (in) telling her about is. 告诉她没有用。 There’s no point in wasting time. 耗时间没用。 【注】以上有的结构中的 no 根据情况也可换成其他限定词： There is some difficulty in doing sth 意为“做某事有些困难”。 There is much difficulty in doing sth 意为“做某事许多困难”。 There’s a need for…意为“需要或有必要…”。 10 prefer (1) prefer to do sth 例：I prefer to stay at home. (2) prefer doing sth 例：I prefer playing in defence. (3) prefer sb to do sth 例：Would you prefer me to stay? (4) prefer to do sth rather than do sth ……宁愿…...而不愿.…". 例句：I prefer to stay at home rather than go out (5) prefer doing sth to doing sth 例：I prefer watching football to playing it. (6) prefer sth to sth 例：I prefer tea to coffee. 我要茶不要咖啡。 11. seem (1) It +seems + that 从句 例：It seemed that everyone was satisfied. (2) It seems to sb that --例：It seems to me that she is right. (3) There seems to be ---例：There seems to be a heavy rain. (4) It seems as if ---例：It seemed that she couldn't come to class. 12. 表示“相差……；增加了……；增加到……”句型： (1) She is taller than I by three inches. 她比我高三英寸 (2) There is one year between us. 我们之间相差一岁。 (3) She is three years old than I 她比我大三岁。 (4) They have increased the price by 50%. 他们把价格上涨了 50% 13.too 句型： (1) too． ． ．to do sth． 例：Politics is too important to be left to the politicians． （＝Politics is so important that it can't be left to the politicians． ） (2) can't … too +形容词 无论……也不为过 例：We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much. 14. 倍数句型： (1)倍数＋比较级＋than． ． ． ， 例：The room is twice larger than that one． There is 30 times greater chance of being hit by lightening than being attacked by a shark. (2)倍数＋as＋原级＋as． ． ． ，例：The room is three times as large as that one． (3)倍数＋the size ／height／length ／weight ／width of． ． ． 例：The room is three times the size of that one． 15. 感叹句型： (1) What a + Adj + N + S + V! 例：What an important thing it is to keep our promise! (2) How + Adj + a + N + V!（多么...！ ） 例：How important a thing it is to keep our promise! (3) How + S + V! 例句：How I want to go to Beijing. 16.情态动词 should ,would, could, might, ought to 完成时，表示过去本该做，打算做，想做而 未做的事情． should have done =ought to have done 本应该做而没做
would have done = 本来就会去做某事而没做 could have done = 本可以做某事而没做 might have done 本可以做而没做 例：They ought to have apologized. 他们本该道歉的。 (1) must have done sth 一定做过某事 否定形式：can't / couldn’t have done 例：She must have come here last night. She can't have gone there (2) may have done sth 可能做过某事 否定形式：may not have done 例：Philip may have been hurt seriously in the car accident. (3) might have done sth 或许做过某事 否定形式: might not have done 例：She might have known what the bottle contained. (4) should have done sth 估计已经做了某事 否定形式：should not have done 例：She should have arrived in her office by now. 17.动词不定式常用句型： (1) It takes / took / will take sb. some time / money to do sth.某人花/花了/将花多长时间/多少钱 做某事. 例句：It took me years of hard work to speak good English. (2) It is + adj +for/of sb to do sth 例： It was careless of Tom to break the cup. (3) Sb. have / has / had no choice but to do... 某人除了做……别无选择. 例句：We had no choice but to take a taxi for we'd missed the last bus. (4) It's not /just like sb. to do sth.……的行为不/正像某人的一贯作风. 例：lt's not like Jim to be late for class. He regards time as the most important thing in life. (5) …形容词／副词＋enough to do sth． 例：I was fortunate enough to travel to South Africa.． (6) It pays to + V ~~~ （...是值得的。 ） 例句：It pays to help others. (7) It cost sb some time/money to do sth 例：It must cost a good deal to live here.住这儿一定会花很多钱的。 (8) do all he could to do sth do what he could to do sth do everything he could to do sth 例：They were doing everything they could to help the fatherland. (9) It is hard to imagine/ say … 很难想象/说…… 例：It is hard to imagine how Edison managed to work twenty hours each day. It's hard to say whether the plan is practical. 18. 动名词常用句型： (1) ...have trouble/difficulty/a hard time/a difficult time (in) doing sth. (有困难做某事) 例：People from the two countries do not have any difficulty in understanding each other. (2) upon/on doing sth, 一……就…… 例：Upon / On hearing the unexpected news, he was so surprised that he couldn't say a word. (3) There is no/some difficulty/trouble (in) doing sth. 例：There is no difficulty in solving this social problem. (4) There is no need/use harm/hurry in doing sth 例：There is no need in sending such expensive present. (5) spend some time/money (in) doing sth 例：They say children spend too much time chatting and playing games instead of focusing on their school work. (6) It's no use / good/ worth doing sth 例：It’s no use talking with him. He won’t listen to you. (7) It's a waste of time/money/energy doing 例：It's a waste of time watching TV programme as this. 19.not --- until 句型 (1) 陈述句 not --- until --- 直到……才 例：Last night I didn't go to bed until 11 o'clock. (2) 强调句 It wasn't until…that... 直到……才……. 例：It wasn't until yesterday that I got your letter. (3) 倒装句 Not until...did... 直到……才……. 例：Not until I began to work did I realize how much time I had wasted. 20 since 句型： (1) Since + S + 过去式，S + 现在完成式 例句：Since he went to senior high school, he has worked very hard. 自从他上高中，他一直很用功。 (2) It is + --- + since S +持续性谓语动词（表否定） 例：It is three years since she lived here. 她已三年不住这儿了。 (3) It is / has been + --- + since S + 瞬间谓语动词（表肯定） 例：It is years since I stopped smoking） ．我戒烟已经数年了。 21 让步状语从句： (1) Adj./n./adv. + as/ though+ Subject（主词）+ be, S + V~~~ （虽然...） 例句：Rich as our country is, the qualities of our living are by no means satisfactory. (2) No matter what 等特殊疑问词... …无论什么…….
例句：No matter what happens, I'll always stand by you. (3) However + adj/adv + S + V, 尽管…… 例：You won't be able to do it alone, however much you try. 不论你多努力，你一个人也做不来。 (4) whatever/whoever/whenever/wherever + S + V，无论什么/哪里…… 例：Wherever I am， I will be thinking of you. 不管我在哪里我都会想到你。 (5) whether … or not 例：Whether you like it or not, you'll have to do it. (6) even if/though 例：Even if/Even though the exercise is very difficult, you must do it. 22.条件状语从句 句型 20、When / So long as / As long as / Once +从句，＋主句。 （从句也可以放在主句之后。 ） 如： As long as you give me some money, I will let you go.只要你给我一些钱，我就让你走。 Once you have begun to learn English, you should learn it well. 一旦你开始学习英语，你应该把它学好。 22 表示最高级的句型： (1) Nothing is + ~~~ er than to + V Nothing is + more + 形容词 + than to + V 例：Nothing is more important than to receive education. (2) no one (nobody, nothing)+so/as+原级＋as 例：Nobody is so blind as those who will not see.没有人像那些视而不见的人如此的瞎了。 (3) 比较级＋than+any other +名词单数（同一范围内） 比较级＋than +anything(anyone)else 比较级＋than + any of the others 例：Bamboo probably has more uses than any other plant in the world. (4) 否定词 +比较级 例：It can’t be worse. 这是最糟的 I can’t agree any more.我非常同意。 (5) be the last ----（ 最不想。 。 。 ） 例：This is the last thing I want to do. 这是我最不想干的事。 23. more --- than 句型： (1) more --- than 与其……不如…… 例：He is more lazy than slow at his work. = He is less slow than lazy at his work. (2) more than 超过；不仅仅是；非常 例：These flags are more than just colorful pieces of cloth and thread sewn together. (3) not more than 最多，不超过 例：They finished the project in not more than one year. (4) no more than 仅仅 例：The officials could see no more than the Emperor. 其他重点结构 1. (1) 祈使句+and + 陈述句(表肯定） 例：Give him an inch and he’ll take a mile. (= If you give him an inch, he’ll take a mile. ) 他会得寸进尺的。 (2) 祈使句+ or/otherwise +陈述句 (表否定） 例：Start at once, or / otherwise you’ll miss the train. (= If you don’t start at once, …) (= Unless you start at once, you’ll miss the train.) 2. I would appreciate it if... 如果……,我会非常感激. I would appreciate it if you call me back this evening. 如果你晚上给我回电话,我会非常感激. 3.If it is possible, ... 可能的话……. 1) If it is possible, I'd like to see you tomorrow. 若可能,我想明天见你. 2) If it is possible, lend me your car tonight. 若可能,今晚把你的车借给我. Is it possible to... …有可能吗 Is it possible to exchange the milk shake for the ice cream 可以把奶昔换成雪糕吗 [milkshake:奶昔] 3. Last but not least, ...…最后但同样重要的是…….
Last but not least, I'd love to thank all my teachers and friends.
最后但同样重要的是,我要感谢我所有的老师和朋友. [经典演讲句型]. 4.As soon as / Immediately / Directly / Instantly / The moment / The instant / The minute +从句， ＋主句. 如： My father went out immediately I got home.我一到家，我父亲就出去了。
1，How +形容词+ a +名词+ 陈述语序 2，How+形容词或副词+ 陈述语序 3，What +名词+ 陈述语序 4，What+a+形容词+名词+ 陈述语序 5，What+ 形容词+复数名词+ 陈述语序 6，What+ 形容词+不可数名词+ 陈述语序
具体说来，表达强烈情绪（喜、怒、哀、乐、惊、恐等）的句子叫做感叹句。 强烈情绪的表达通常有下列三种方式： （a）使用感叹词； （b）只用情绪感觉的语词，例如： Water! Water! Quick! What taste! （水！水！快！——如救火或救人时。）
（c）使用“How…!”或“What（a）…!”的句式，例如： How beautiful you are, Helen! What a beautiful flower it is! （海伦，你是多么美！） （这一朵花多么美！）
本句式的主语动词也可以省去以突显情绪的强烈感，例如： How cruel（they are）! （真是惨绝人寰！——如听到绑票的撕票案等。） （这些花多美啊！）
How beautiful （these flowers are ）!
（d）使用简短的陈述句配合音调也可以表达感叹，例如： You are kidding! I love you I hate you! （你在开玩笑！——表示惊讶）
一、用 what 引导的感叹句有三种句式，此时， what 为形容词，用作定语，修饰它后面的名词或名词词组。 1. What +a / an + 形容词＋可数名词单数＋主语＋谓语！例如： What a fine day it is！ （多么好的天气啊！ ） What an old building that is！ （那是一栋多么破旧的楼房啊！ ） 2. What + 形容词＋可数名词复数形式＋主语＋谓语！例如： What good teachers they are！ （他们是多么好的老师啊！ ） What beautiful flowers these are！ （这些是多么美丽的花啊！ ） 3. What + 形容词＋不可数名词＋主语＋谓语！例如： What thick ice we are having here！ （我们这儿的冰多厚啊！ ） What round bread it is！ （这是一块多么圆的面包啊！ ） 二、用 how 开头的感叹句也有三种句式，此时， how 是副词，用作状语，修饰后面的形容词、副词或动 词。
4. How ＋形容词＋主语＋谓语！例如： How hot it is today！ （今天天气多热啊！ ） How beautiful the flowers are！ （这些花多么美丽啊！ ） 5. How ＋副词＋主语＋谓语！例如： How hard he works！ （他工作多么努力啊！ ） How well she sings！ （她歌唱得多好啊！ ） 6. How + 主语＋谓语！例如： How she dances！ （她跳舞跳得多好啊！ ） 注意： what 和 how 引起的感叹句，在口语中常可以省略主语、谓语或其它句子成分。例如： How cold （ it is ） ！ What a good girl！ What delicious fish
含 it 的句型几乎年年高考考到，现根据其用法特点可归纳为下列句型。 1. It is + 被强调部分 + that ... 该句型是强调句型。将被强调的部分放在前面，其它部分置于 that 之后。被强调部 分可以是主语，宾语，表语或状语。强调的主语如果是人，that 可以由 who 换用。如果把 这种句型结构划掉后， 应该是一个完整无缺的句子。 这也是判断强调句型与其它从句的方法。 It was about 600 years ago that the first clock with a face and an hour hand was made. It was they that (who ) cleaned the classroom yesterday. It was in the street that I met her father. 2. It is not until + 被强调部分 + that ... 该句型也是强调句型。主要用于强凋时间状语，译成汉语 “直到??才??” ，可以 说是 not ... until ... 的强调形式。 It was not until she took off her dark glasses that I realized she was a famous film star. = Not until she took off her dark glasses did I realize she was a famous film star. = I didn't realize she was a famous film star until she took off her dark glasses. 3. It is clear ( obvious, true, possible, certain?) that ? 该句型中 it 是形式主语， 真正的主语是 that 引导的主语从句， 常译为 “ 清楚 （显 然，真的，肯定??） ”是主语从句最常见的一种结构。 It is very clear that he's round and tall like a tree. = That he's round and tall like a tree is very clear. 4. It is important ( necessary, right, strange, natural...) that ... 该句型和上一个同属一个句型。由于主句中的形容词不同，that 后的从句中要用虚拟 语气（should + 动词原形） ，should 可以省去。建议记住该句型中的形容词。 It is important that we (should) learn English well. It is necessary that he (should) remember these words. 5. It is said (reported, learned?) that ? 该句型中的 it 仍是形式主语， 真正主语是 that 引导的主语从句。 该结构常译为 “ 据 说（据报道，据悉??） ” 。 It is said that he has come to Beijing. It is reported that another man-made satellite has been put into orbit 6. It is suggested ( ordered, required ... ) that ... 该句型和上一个同属一个句型。主句中的过去分词是表示请求，建议，命令等词时， that 后的从句要用虚拟语气（should + 动词原形） ，should 可以省。常译为“ 据建议；
有命令??） ” 。 It is suggested that the meeting ( should ) be put off. It was ordered that we ( should ) arrive there in two hours. 7. It is a pity ( a shame ... ) that ... 该句型中，that 后的从句一般用虚拟语气（should + 动词原形） ，should 可省去．表 示出乎意料，常译为“竟然” 。没有这种意义时，则不用虚拟语气。 It is a pity that such a thing ( should ) happen in your class. 这种事竟然发生在你们班上，真是遗憾！ It is a pity that he is ill. 他生病了，真遗憾！ 8. It is time ( about time , high time ) that ... 该句型中 that 后的从句应该用虚拟语气， 值得注意的是① 常用过去时态表示虚拟． ② 有时也用 should + 动词原形，should 不能省。常译为“是（正是）??的时侯??” 。 It is time that children should go to bed. = It is time that children went to bed. 9. It / This is the first ( second ? ) time (that) ? 该句型要和上一个句型区别开来。 该句型中的 that 从句不用虚拟语气， 而用完成时态。 至于用什么完成时态，由主句的谓语动词的时态决定。如果是一般现在时，后面从句用现在 完成时态；如果是一般过去时，后面从句则用过去完成时态。该结构中 that 可以省去；it 有时用 this 替换，常译为“是第一（二）??次??” 。 It is the first time I have been here. = This is the first time I have been here. 10. It is ? since ... 该句型主要用作处理瞬间动词的完成时，又要和表示一段时间的时间状语连用的问 题。主句中是时间作表语，其时态是现在时或完成时，since 引导的从句通常是一般过去时 态，而且是瞬间动词。如果主句是一般过去时，从句则用过去完成时。 It is ( has been ) 5 years since his father died. 11. It is ... when ... 该句型中的 when 引导的是一个时间状语从句，主句中的 it 指时间，表语由具体的 时间充当。常译为“当??的时候，是??” 。 It was 5 o'clock when he came here. 12. It be ... before ... 该句型主句中的 it 指时间, 主句中的时态常是将来一般时或过去时两种时态． 主句中 的表语多是 long, not long , 3 days , 2 weeks 等表示时间段的词或短语。常译为“?? 过了多久之后就 / 才??” 。 It was 3 days before he went to Beijing. It will be not long before he finishes his job. 13. It happens that... 该句型中 it 是形式主语，that 引导的是主语从句，主句中的 happen 是不及物动词． It happened ( so happened ) that he met his teacher in the street. 碰巧?? 14. It takes sb. ? to do sth. 该句型中的不定式是真正的主语，it 是形式主语，句型中的直接宾语是时间。常译为 “做??要花费某人??” 。 It took thousands of people many years to build the Great Wall. 15. It is no good (use ) doing sth. 该句型中的真正主语是动名词短语， 主句中的表语可以是 no good , ( not any good ) , no use , ( not any use )。 It is no good learning English without speaking English. 16. It doesn't matter whether... 该句型中 whether 引导的从句是真正主语，该句型常译为“不论（是否）?? 没 关系??。 It doesn't matter whether they are old (or not). 17. It is kind ( of sb. ) to do sth. 该句型中的不定式短语是真正主语，如果不定式的逻辑主语是由 of 引起，主句中的 形容词必须是能表示逻辑主语特征的形容词。常见的有: bad, brave, careless, clever, cruel, foolish, good (好心的), honest, horrible, kind, lazy, modest, naughty, nice (有教养的), polite, rude, silly, stupid, wise, wrong (错误的)等。 这个句型可以改 写为：sb. is kind to do sth. It is kind of you to say so. = You are kind to say so. 18. It is necessary ( for sb. ) to do sth. 该句型与上一个同属一个句型。不定式的逻辑主语由 for 引起，形容词通常表示重要 性，紧迫性，频繁程度，难易，安全等情况。常见的形容词有： ① important, necessary, natural ② easy, safe, common, normal, hard, difficult, dangerous, unusual, impossible, pleasant 等。 如：It is important for her to come to the party. = It is important that she (should ) come to the party 19. It seems/appears that 看来?? It seems/appears that he will be back in a few days. It looks ( seems ) as if ...
该句型中 it 无意义。 as if 引导一个状语从句。常译为， “看起来好像?? ＂ 如果与事实不相符合，则用虚拟语气． It looks as if he is ill.（真的病了） It seemed as if he were dying.(虚拟语气)
书面表达常用句型及短语 1. 学校生活及学习成绩 be obsorbed in ? 对??入迷 bury oneself in ? 对??入迷 give an excellent performance before the whole class 在全班面前好好表现一番 acquire （obtain）knowledge 学习知识 put one’s heart into ? 一心扑在??上 be interested in ? 对??感兴趣 be fond of ? 喜欢/爱好?? like chemistry best 最喜欢化学 be good at ? 擅长?? be poor at ? 不擅长?? do well in … （在考试、竞赛中）取得好成 绩；干得不错 be weak in ? 不擅长?? make progress in ? 在??方面取得进步 fail in ? 考试不及格 be tired of ? 对??感到厌烦/厌倦 pass the examination 通过考试 major in history 主修历史 be getting on well with one’s study （某人）学业进展得很好 take several courses at school 在学校上几门 课 have English （Chinese ， Physics?）every （other）day 每天 （隔一天） 上英语 （中文、 物理） 课?? work hard at （Physics ， Chemistry）? 努力学习（物理、化学）? He has the best record in school. 他的学习成绩最棒。 live up to one’s hope 不辜负某人的期望 learn about … 学习到/知道（某学科知识）/听到，听说/获 悉/了解到 succeed in … 在（某方面）成功；在（做某
事）上获得成功 be active in class （work） 在课堂上（工作中）表现积极 take an active part in ?积极参加?? learn sth . by heart 谙记某事，牢记在心 work out a （maths）problem 解决一个（数学）问题 improve oneself in ?在某方面提高自己 get 90 marks for （English） （英语）考试取得 90 分 get an “A”in the exam 在考试中得到“A” have a good command of ?精通?? lay a good foundation in （language study） 在（语言学习）方面奠定一个好的基础 2. 师生关系 give sb. a passing grade 给予某人及格的分 数 examine the students’ homework 检查学生的作业 stand on the platform 站在讲台上 get on well with sb. 与某人相处得很好 raise a question 提问 like to be with students 喜欢与学生相处 be gentle with us 对我们很友善 be kind to sb. 对某人和蔼 be a strict teacher 是一个严厉的老师 be strict with one’s pupils 对学生要求严格 be strict in work 对工作要求严格 think of （sb. / sth.）as? 把（某人或某事）当作?? help sb. with sth. 用??帮助某人 praise sb. for sth . 由于某事赞扬某人 blame sb. for sth . 为（某事）责备某人 give sb. advice on sth. 在??方面给某人建议 question sb. on ? 就??质问某人 be satisfied with ? 对??满意 correct the students’ homework carefully and
prepare for the next day 仔细批改学生的作业并为明天备课 give sb. a lot of work 给某人很多的工作 try to teach sb. to develop good study habits 努力教某人养成良好的学习习惯 make one’s lessons lively and interesting 使课堂生动并且吸引人 teach sb. sth. 教某人某事 teach sb to do sth . 教某人做某事 devote all one’s time to work 将自己所有的时间都投入工作之中 admire （sb. for）his devotion to the cause of education 佩服某人对于教育事业的献身精神 3. 课外活动及周末生活 have a swim 游泳 have dances on weekends 参加周末舞会 have a picnic over the weekend 周末去野餐 go to the cinema 去看电影 have a party 聚会，开晚会 hold a sports meeting 举行运动会 spend one’s time in many different ways 以多种不同的方式消磨时间 enjoy doing things by oneself 喜欢独自做某 事 go swimming 去游泳 go for an outing 去远足 have an outing at （the seashore）去（海边） 度假 see the sights of Beijing 在北京观光 play the piano （violin）弹钢琴（拉小提琴） play chess （basketball）下棋（打篮球） do some reading 阅读 help sb. do sth . 帮助某人做某事 enjoy a family trip 享受一次家庭旅游 get everything ready for 为??做好一切准 备 rid one’s bike with sb. to the park 与某人骑车去公园 There are a lot of activities at the beach. 海滨有很多活动。 We enjoy a change from our busy life in the city. 我们享受一种都市繁忙生活之外的变化。 She would like to bring sth . to the picnic. 她愿意为野餐带点东西。 It was a very relaxing Sunday. 这是一个很轻松的星期日。 There are good programmes on TV on weekends. 周末有好的电视节目。 4. 彼此沟通信息 tell sb to do sth. 告诉某人做某事 get information about ?了解?? express one’s idea（feelings）in English 用英语表达自己的思想（情感） write sb a letter saying ? 给 某 人 写 信 说?? apologize to sb. for ? 为??向某人道歉 thank you for ? 感谢你?? make a speech at the meeting 在会议上发表讲演 take a message for sb. 给某人带口信 send a message to sb. 给某人送口信 hear from sb. 从（某人处）听说，收到某人 的信 talk about / of sth . 谈论某事 explain sth . to sb. 向某人解释某事
look upon sb as ? 把某人认为?? think sb. to be ? 认为某人?? take sb’s side 站在某人一边；支持某人 5. 事件中人的态度 feel bored （ embarrassed ， nervous ， carafree） 觉得很枯燥（尴尬，紧张，无忧无虑） would like to do 愿意做某事 be unforgettable 是难以忘怀的 show sb one’s thanks 表示感谢 have fears for 感到害怕 My heart beats fast 心跳加速 hesitate for a few minutes 犹豫了几分钟 give sb a meaningful smile 冲某人意味深长的一笑 allow sb. to do 允许某人做某事 keep / prevent sb. from doing sth . 阻止某人做某事 call on sb. to do sth . 号召某人做某事 be afraid to do （be afraid of）sth. 害怕/担心某事 feel like doing sth . 坚持做某事 drive sb. off 赶走某人 speak highly of sb. 高度赞扬某人 speak ill of sb. 诽谤某人 think highly of sb. 对某人评价很高 force sb. to do sth . 强迫某人做某事 offer to do sth . 主动提出做某事 refuse to do sth . 拒绝做某事 agree to do sth . 同意做某事 regret doing sth . 遗憾做过某事 prefer to do A rather than do B 喜欢做 A 胜过做 B had better do sth . 最好做某事 would rather （not）do sth . 更（不）愿意做某事