高考英语语法专题复习讲义-名词性从句

博纳书院 Mr.Dong 作品

高中语法精讲—名词性从句
了解这样的从句前,我们先回忆下英语中常见的句子成分: 主语 谓语 宾语 表语 定语 状语 补语 同位语 (再念叨一遍: 理解英语中的句子成分对于长难句的理解是很有用的, 阅读能力会进步飞快) 那么问题来了:这些句子成分中,哪些可能是名词呢? 换句话说,名词能做哪些成分呢? 主语,宾语,表语和同位语是名词最中意的位置啦! 如果把名词改为句子,那不就是从句了吗?有名词性功能的句子我们就给个高大上的名字 ——名词性从句: 包括主语从句 宾语从句 表语从句 同位语从句 来看个句子: Playing football is interesting. 这里动名词做主语。那按刚才说的,名词改为句子: That we play football together is interesting. that 引导的从句 that we play football together 在句子中是整个作了主语,所以这句就是主语 从句 一、名词性从句 1、名词性从句中的易错点 (1)that 的用法。 ①主语从句、表语从句、同位语从句中用 that 但不能省略。如: That they are good at English is known to us all. The problem is that we don’t have enough money. She expressed the hope that they would come to China one day. ②宾语从句中的连接词 that 有时可省有时又不可省, 在以下几种情况中 that 不能省略: (A)当 that 从句和主句谓语动词之间有插入词语或者从句主语之间有插入语时,that 不可 省略; (B)当 that 从句与另一名词性从句并列作宾语时,that 不能省; (C)当 that 作介词 宾语时,that 不可省掉。如: He judged that,because he was a child, he did not understand wine Everyone knew what happened and that she was worried. The reason lies in that she works harder than the others do. ③that 从句作主语和宾语时,可以用 it 来替换成以下几种结构表达。 (A)It is clear/certain/likely/true/surprising that… (B) It is a pity/shame/ good idea/no wonder that ...(C)It is said/reported/ believed/known/thought/suggested that … (D)It seems/happens that。如: It happened that I went out last night. It is said that China will win in the World Cup. ④that 和 what 的区别。 that 引导名词性从句时,在主从句中不以当任何句子成分,也没有任何含义;而 what 引导名词性从句时,在主 从句中都要充当一定的句子成分,what 可以分解成定语从句中的 先行词 + 关系代词即常说的先行词 + that。如: It’s shame that he has made such a mistake. Do what he says. ⑤同位语从句与定语从句中 that 的区别。
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博纳书院 Mr.Dong 作品
同位语从句中的连词 that 只起连接作用, 在从句中不担当任何句子成分; 而定语从句中 的关系代词 that 在句中做宾语或主语,宾语与先行词有修饰关系。如果句子是同位语从句, 就应用连词 that 而不能用 which.同位语从句一般放在表具体含义的名词后解释名词的含义 或内容,如以下名词:news、fact、suggestion、truth、plan、belief、doubt、possibility、idea 等,而定语从句只是对先行词的限定和修饰。如: They expressed the hope that they would come to visit China again.(同位语从句) The hope she expressed is that they would come to visit China again.(定语从句) (2)whether 和 if 的用法。 ①whether 和 if 在宾语从句中可以互换,但是作介词宾语时连接词一般用 whether。如: It all depends on whether they will come back. ②后面直接跟 or not 时用 whether 。如: I didn’t know whether or not he had arrived in Wuhan. ③主语从句表语从句中只能用 whether。如: Whether the meeting will be put off has not been decided yet. The question is whether they have so much money. ④whether 可以引导同位语从句,用以说明前面的名词的内容,if 不能。如: We ought to discuss carefully the question whether we can do it or not. ⑤whether 常与 or 连用表示一种选择,if 不能这样用;whether 也可与动词不定式连用 但 if 不能。如: The question of whether they are male or female is not important. I have not decided whether to go or not. ⑥间接引语位于句首时或者是间接引语提前时用 whether 不用 if。如: Thank you, but whether I’ll be free I’m not sure at the moment. ⑦whether 可引导一个让步状语从句表示“不管” 、 “无论” ,而 if 不能。如: Whether he comes or n ot, we will begin our party on time. (3)疑问词 + ever 和 no matter + 疑问词的区别。 ①疑问词 + ever 可引导名词性从句,在主从句中要充当一定的部分。如: Whoever breaks the rule must be punished. You can choose whatever you like in the shop. ②疑问词 + ever 还可引导让步状语从句。如: Whoever breaks the rule, he must be punished, Whatever you do, you must do it well. ③no matter + 疑问词只能引导让步状语从句。如: No matter what you do, you must do it well. No matter who breaks the rule, he must be punished. (4)when 和 where 引导的同位语从句与定语从句的区别。 when 和 where 前面的名词若是表示时间、地点的名词,则 when 和 where 引导的是定 语从句,否则则为同位语从句。如: They put forward the question where they could get the money. This is the place where the accident happened. 2、名词性从句中主句和从句的时态一致
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博纳书院 Mr.Dong 作品
(1)宾语从句中主句和从句的时态保持一致,但如果从句中表示提示的是客观现象, 虽然主句是过去时态,从句仍用一般现在时。如: Hello,I didn’t know you were in London. How long have you been here? The teacher told us that light travels at a very high speed. (2)主语从句作主语相当于单数第三人称作主语,谓语动词用单数,如果由 and 连接 两个或两个以上的主语从句作主语时, 谓语动词用复数; 由两个或多个连接词引导一个主语 从句,谓语动词用单数。如: When the meeting will begin has not been decided yet. When they will start and where they go have not been decided yet. When and where the meeting will begin has not been decided. 3、名词性从句的词序 名词性从句在句中要用陈述句语序。如: He asked me what was the matter with me. We’ve heard the news that we’ll move into the new house. Whatever you say will interest us all. 精典名题导解 选择填空 1. A computer can only do ________ you have instructed it to do. A.how B.after C.what D.when 2. —I drove to Zhuhai for the air show last week.. —Is that _________ you had a few days off ? 3. I hate __________ when peope talk with their mouths full. A. it B.that C.these D.them 4.I think Father would like to know I’ve been up to so far, so I decide to send him a quick note. A. which B. why C. what D. how 5.We cannot figure out quite a number of insects, birds, and animals are dying out. A. that B. as C. why D. when 6.After Yang Liwei succeeded in circling the earth, our astronauts desire do is walk in space. A. where B. what C. that D. how 100 题练习 1. His success was because of ________ he had been working hard. A. that B. the fact which C. the fact that D. the fact 2. “Is Mary from New York City” “I don't know _______.” A. from what city does she come from B. from what city she come C. what city does she come from D. what city she comes from 3. ________ makes mistakes must correct them. A. What B. That C. Whoever D. Whatever 4. The reason why I didn't go to Shanghai was ________ a new job. A. because I got B. because of getting C. I got D. that I got
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博纳书院 Mr.Dong 作品
5. It worried her a bit ____ her hair was turning grey. A. while B. that C. if D. for 6. Henry killed the dog. I'll ask him why ________. A. did he do that B. he did that C. he did D. he has done so 7. Have you seen Henry lately My boss wants to know ________. A. how he is getting along B. how is he getting along C. what he is getting along D. what is he getting along 8. It is generally considered unwise to give a child ____ he or she wants. A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. whenever 9. He asked me ________ with me. A. what is the trouble B. what wrong was C. what was the matter D. what trouble it is 10. I am sure ________ he said is true. A. that B. about that C. of that D. that what 11. When and why he came here ________ yet. A. is not known B. are not known C. has not known D. have not bee 12. I wonder how much ________. A. does the watch cost B. did the watch cost C. the watch costed D. the watch costs 13. Mary is ________ someone might recognize her. A. afraid of B. afraid about C. afraid that D. afraid for 14.________ is no reason for dismissing her. A. Because she was a few minutes late B. Owing to a few minutes late C. The fact that she was a few minutes late D. Being a few minutes late 15. They came to the conclusion ________ by a computer. A. that not all things can be done B. because of not all things be done C. being not all things can be done D. because not all things can be done 16. Why the explosion occurred was ________ the laboratory attendant had been careless. A. for B. because C. since D. that 17. I don't doubt ________ he'll come. A. that B. if C. what D. whether 18. —“Why did you go to the wrong class, Mr. Wang” —“Well, I forget _______ I was supposed to go to.” A. which the room B. which room C. what was the room D. what room was it 19. Output is now six times ________ it was before liberation. A. that B. which C. what D. of which 20. Mary: Helen is a mere washer woman, yet she's now buying a big house. Carol: Yes. Because she's always saved ________. A. what little she earns B. how little she earns C. for little she earns D. with little she earns 21. ______ surprised me most was ______ such a little boy of seven could play the violin so well. A. That…what B. What…that C. That…which D. What…which 22. We gave him ________ help we could. A. which B. what C. that D. this
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博纳书院 Mr.Dong 作品
23. She is pleased with what you have given him and ________ you have told him. A. that B. which C. all what D. all that 24. Excuse me would you please tell me ________ A. when the sports meet is taken place B. when is the sports meet going to be held C. when is the sports meet to begin D. when the sports meet is to take place 25. Do you happen to know ________ A. what size shoes he wears B. how big shoes he wears C. what is the size of his shoes D. what number shoes are his 26. This book will show you ________ can be used in other contexts. A. how you have observed B. how what you have observed C. that you have observed D. how that you have observed 27. Where do you think ________ A. has he gone B. has he been C. he's gone D. was he 28. Do you know ________ A. how many populations there are in the world B. how much population there is in the world C. how many the population of the world is D. what the population of the world is 29. Would you go and see ________ outside A. what to take place B. what Tom has happened C. what is happening D. what the matter had been 30. The subject of "What is interesting is that I do not even know him." is_______. A. what B. interesting C. What is interesting D. I 31. ________ I think he is Charles. A. Who do you think he is B. Do you think who he is C. Whom do you think he is D. Do you think who he is 32. He didn't know which room ________. A. they lived B. they lived in C. did they live D. did they live in 33. The little boy ate ________ his mother gave him. A. that B. which C. whatever D. no matter what 34. The city is no longer ________. A. what it is B. that it used to be C. which it was D. what it used to be 35. My parents used ________ they had to get a new car for me. A. which B. that C. what D. all what 36. ________ we go swimming every day ________ us a lot of good. A. If…do B. That…do C. If…does D. That…does 37. ________ was the idea _______ the wife thought of A. What…that B. That…what C. How…why D. Why…how 38. _______ did he tell his wife ________ he wished to do A. That…what B. What…that C. Where…which D. Which…where 39. One of the men held the view ________ the book said was right. A. what that B. that what C. that which D. which that 40. I have no idea ________ or not he has finished the work. A. if B. that C. whether D. which
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博纳书院 Mr.Dong 作品
41. —“Do you know ________” —“His father is a doctor.” A. what is his father B. who is his father C. what his father is D. who his father is 42. Is this ________ we met each other two years ago A. place B. place in which C. where D. place which 43. It ________ Bob drives badly. A. thinks that B. is thought what C. thought that D. is thought that 44. We all know the truth ________ there are air, water and sunlight there are living things. A. where B. wherever C. that D. that wherever 45. They discussed ________ they could settle the problem without others' help. A. if B. that C. what D. whether 46. She asked ________. A. what I was doing when she rang me up B. what was I doing when she rang me up C. when she rang me up what I was doing D. when did she ring me up what I was doing 47. —May I borrow the ring —You can take _______ you like. A. no matter what B. which C. whichever D. that 48. He said that he was fond of ________. A. what beautiful is B. what is beautiful C. beautiful is what D. what it is beautiful 49. He insisted that he ________ in good health and _______ to work there. A. was, be sent B. is, is sent C. be, was sent D. be, send 50. Do you know ________ he expects will give us a talk A. who B. whom C. that D. whose 51. It's uncertain ________ the experiment is worth doing. A. if B. that C. whether D. how 52. They would have fixed the telephone yesterday _________ it was a holiday. A. except B. except for C. except that D. but for 53. ________ is to do good all one's life and never do anything bad. A. Whichever is hard B. No matter what is hard C. What is hard D. All what is hard 54. ________ the boy didn't take medicine made his mother angry. A. That B. What C. How D. Which 55. As the day was fine, I made the suggestion ________ for a walk in the park. A. we go B. we will go C. should we go D. that we go 56. ____ we can't get seems better than ____ we have. A. What, what B. What, that C. That, that D. That, what 57. ____ you don't like him is none of my business. A. What B. Who C. That D. Whether 58. You can't imagine ____ when they received these nice Christmas presents. A. how they were excited B. how excited they were C. how excited were they D. they were how excited 59. ____ we'll go camping tomorrow depends on the weather.
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博纳书院 Mr.Dong 作品
A. If B. Whether C. That D. Where 60. ________he really means is ________he disagrees with us. A. What … that B. That … what C. Why … that D. If … what 61. _________is going to do the job will be decided by the Party committee. A. That B. Why C. How D. Who 62. _______ we'll finish translating the book depends on the time. A. When B. Why C. What D. That 63. _______ the house will be built will be discussed at tomorrow's meeting. A. If B. Where C. That D. What 64. _______ he won't go there is clear to all of us. A. How B. What C. Why D. This 65. _______ you come or not is up to you. A. What B. If C. Why D. Whether 66. _______ makes mistakes must correct them. A. Who B. Anyone C. Whoever D. Anybody 67. _______ team will win the match is a matter of public concern. A. Which B. That C. If D. How 68.Three days later, word came ________our country had sent up another man-made satellite. A. which B. when C. that D. where 69.The problem is ________will go to the meeting. A. why B. when C. what D. who 70.It looks _______ it were going to rain. A. even if B. as if C. even though D. like 71.That is _______ he likes the place so much. A. that B. what C. why D. how 72.That is ______ Lu Xun once lived. A. what B. where C. that D. why 73. We thought _______ strange that Tom did not come yesterday. A. that B. it C. this D. what 74.The fact _______ she had not said anything surprised all of us. A. which B. what C. that D. how 75.What I'm considering now _________ the money we need. A. is B. are C. were D. was 76.Can you tell me __________ A. who is that gentleman B. that gentleman is who C. who that gentleman is D. whom is that gentleman 77. ________leaves the room last ought to turn off the lights. A. Anyone B. The person C. Whoever D. Who 78. It is well known _________ a person eats causes changes in the body. A. that what, when, and how B. that C. what D. how 79. The energy is ________ makes the cells able to do their work. A. that B. which C. what D. such 80. Jack was soon told ________ he did was not necessary.
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博纳书院 Mr.Dong 作品
A. why B. that C. how D. why what 81. We should think carefully about ________ Mr. Needham said at the meeting. A. that B. what C. which D. X 82. Can you point out ________ two radios are the best A. which B. what C. that D. whether 83. You will easily know ________ video recorders (录相机) are the same. A. what those B. that of those C. that all of D. which of those 84. ________ you have seen things like these before doesn't matter. A. If B. Whether C. What D. When 85. I asked her in English ________ she was, and she told me ________ she was an actress. A. who…that B. who…X C. what…X D. how…that 86. She took it for granted ________ I'd be back home an hour ago. A. that B. whether C. if D. when 87. We think it possible ________ the local government will be able to solve the housing problem. A. for B. that C. when D. how 88. Now there is a danger ________ the ground may fall in (沉下) under the heavy traffic. A. whether B. if C. X D. that 89. At that time I had no idea ________ I could hand it to him without being seen. A. if B. how C. which D. that how 90. Last Sunday he promised ________ today, but he hasn't appeared yet. A. that he would come B. that he will come C. he will come to see me D. whether he would come 91. Last Sunday he made a promise ________ he was free he would take me to Qingdao. A. if B. that C. that if D. whether 92. Do you have any idea ________ A. when Miss Smith will arrive B. when will Miss Smith arrive C. how will Miss Smith arrive D. why hasn't Miss Smith arrived 93. I have almost forgotten ________. A. how Mr. Taylor's like B. what Mr. Taylor's face is like C. what Mr. Taylor's face is D. which Mr. Taylor's face is like 94. The true value of life is not in ________, but ________. A. how you get …that you give B. which you got what you give C. what you get …what you give D. what do you get…what do you give 95. Do you know ________ A. what is this used for B. what this is used for C. which this is used D. that this is used for 96. ________ surprised me most was ________. A. That…that she spoke Japanese so well B. What…how could she speak Japanese so well C. What…that she spoke Japanese so well D. That…why she could speak Japanese so well 97. ________ is to dance. A. That interests Mary really B. Which really interests Mary. C. What really interests Mary D. What really interest Mary 98. We were greatly amused by ________.
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博纳书院 Mr.Dong 作品
A. what you have told us B. which you had told us C. what you told us D. that you told us 99. These computers are different from ________. A. that we expected B. what we expected C. which we have expected D. what we expect 100. ________ Tom liked to eat was different from ________. A. That…that you had expected B. What …that you had expected C. That…what you had expected D. What…what you had expected

1-5.CDCDB 6-10.BABCD 11-15.ADCCA 16-20.DABCA 21-25.BBDDA 26-30.BCDCC 31-35.ABCDC 36-40.DABBC 41-45.CCDDD 46-50.ACBAA 51-55.CCCAD 56-60.ACBBA 61-65 DABCD 66-70 CACDB 71-75 CBBCA 76-80 CCCCD 81-85 BADBC 86-90 ABDBA 91-95 CABCB 96-100 CCCBD

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