外研版 选修八 模块六 拓展阅读(神舟十号)
外研版 选修八 模块六 拓展阅读（神舟十号） Fifth manned mission due on June 11
2013-06-10 23:13 Woman, 2 men will orbit Earth for 15 days to pave way for space station The Shenzhou-X spacecraft will be launched at 5:38 pm on Tuesday, sending two men and a woman into space on a mission that will lay the foundation for building a space station, said a spokeswoman for China's manned space program. The Long March 2F carrier rocket was fueled on Monday afternoon at the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center in the remote Gobi desert, spokeswoman Wu Ping said at a news conference on Monday afternoon. The three astronauts — Nie Haisheng, Zhang Xiaoguang and Wang Yaping, a woman — will spend 15 days in space, two more days than last year's manned mission, Wu said. Shenzhou-X, China's fifth manned spacecraft, will perform one automatic and one manual docking test with the orbiting space lab module Tiangong-1, she said. "Before this mission, we conducted three automatic and one manual docking test in the Shenzhou-VIII and Shenzhou IX missions, but that is not enough," she said. Space rendezvous and docking are crucial skills for building a space station, which China plans to accomplish in 2020. "We need more docking experiments to further test the technology and accumulate experience for building the space station," she said. This mission will also for the first time have the spacecraft fly around the Tiangong-1 space lab, launched in September 2011, the spokeswoman said. Testing such precision mobility is necessary, said Bao Weimin, technological division chief of the spacecraft's builder, China Aerospace Science and Technology Corp, because the future space station will have multiple docking ports.The space program has to confirm that the spacecraft can dock with a space module from more than just one direction, Bao said previously. The astronauts will also do repair and maintenance work on Tiangong-1, such as replacing the ceilings and some seal rings in the space module, which is nearing the end of its two-year designed lifespan, Wu said. In another first for China, the astronauts will teach middle and elementary school students through a live video feed system while in orbit, Wu said. Wang Yaping, the only woman of the three-astronaut crew, will be China's first teacher in space. Wang will talk about motion and surface tension of liquid in a microgravity environment, and she will help students better understand weight, mass and Newton's Laws. She will also interact with students and teachers in China, Wu said. The lesson is geared toward making space more popular and inspiring enthusiasm for the universe and science, the spokeswoman said.
The time of the lesson will be decided according to the mission schedule, and technical conditions during the docking of the Shenzhou-X and Tiangong-1. China launched its first manned space mission, the Shenzhou-V, in October 2003, making it the third nation after Russia and the United States to achieve that feat. So far, seven men and one woman have gone into space in four manned Chinese missions.
China's first teacher in space
2013-06-10 21:24 JIUQUAN - Thirty-three-year-old spacewoman Wang Yaping will make history -- she will be China's first teacher in space. Wang will teach Chinese primary and middle school students on Earth physics phenomena in a zero-gravity environment. She is preparing for the lecture and expressed full confidence about the upcoming lesson. Meeting the media Monday, she said, "We are all students in facing the vast universe. We are looking forward to joining our young friends to learn and explore the mystical and beautiful universe." Wang, born in January 1980, is from east China's Shandong Province, the hometown of China's most famous educationist Confucius (551-479 BC). She was a transport aircraft pilot in the People's Liberation Army (PLA) Air Force with experience of 1,600 hours of flying. The world's first teacher in space was Christa McAuliffe, a 37-year-old middle school teacher from the United States, but the Space Shuttle Challenger disintegrated after 73 seconds into flight on January 28, 1986. McAuliffe and other six crew members were killed. Barbara Morgan, McAuliffe's backup in that mission who became an astronaut later, completed the teaching lesson in space in 2007, when she was sent into the International Space Station with Space Shuttle Endeavor. Via a video feed, she showed students how to exercise and drink water in space. Except the space lecture, Wang will be responsible for monitoring the conditions of spacecraft, space experiments and operation of equipment, among others. Wang was recruited to the People's Liberation Army in August 1997 and became a member of the Communist Party of China in May 2000. Currently, she is a major. In May 2010, Wang became a member of the second batch of Chinese astronauts and was selected to the crew of the Shenzhou-10 space mission in April 2013. She will be China's second female astronaut being sent into space after Liu Yang who was aboard the Shenzhou-9 spacecraft. Wang's space dream traced back to a decade ago when China's first astronaut Yang Liwei successfully fulfilled his space mission. At the time, 23-year-old Wang had been enrolled in China's Air Force for two years and was an aircraft pilot. Watching the live TV broadcast of Yang's successful mission, a question came to Wang: since China had a male astronaut, when would the first female astronaut emerge? Wang's lecture in orbit will be a pleasant surprise, said Zhang Xiaoguang, a male astronaut in the three-member crew of Shenzhou-10 spacecraft.
"She's eager to excel in whatever she does. Sometimes we'd like to give her a helping hand, but she just would not take a hand in help," said Nie Haisheng, commander astronaut in the mission. "They take care of me as their own younger sister in life, but I wish to be their comrade-in-arms," said Wang. "I'd like to demonstrate that my generation is willing to embrace challenges." Life is not a plain sailing for the young woman. She missed out on being selected as China's first female astronaut to be sent into space in the Shenzhou-9 manned spacecraft, launched in 2012. However, Wang devoted herself to training soon after the selection. She was so tough at the time and always remains with a peaceful mind, said Huang Weifen, deputy chief designer of the astronaut system. Wang, from a farmer's family in Shandong, has a sister who is seven years younger than her. The experience of doing farm work since an early age has made her strong, and the habit of long-distance running tempered her will. With a dream of going to college, she insisted on receiving a high school education after graduation from middle school, despite her parents' wish that she could be admitted to a technical secondary school. Graduating from high school, the young lady, so fascinated by the honor of being a pilot, stood out from fierce competition and managed to be enrolled by an air force college. The experience of parachute jumping for the first time remains fresh in Wang's mind. She said the first jump was done among excitement and curiosity, but fears preoccupied her when she started the second jump. "We girls all cried while singing an inspiring song 'A Hero Never Dies' on our way back after the training," she said. Wang, with nine years of experience as a transport aircraft pilot and 1,600 hours of flying, fulfilled the missions of conducting disaster relief for the Wenchuan earthquake in May 2008, dispelling cloud and reducing rain for the opening ceremony of the Beijing Olympic Games, and combating drought in Shandong. Wang was recruited 招募 to China's second batch of astronauts after strict selection in May 2010. The most arduous task for her was the training under a hyper gravity environment. She was very anxious about the intense training which exceeded her body extremes at the very beginning. By asking for advice from other veteran astronauts and intensifying training, Wang easily reached the criteria the next year. Like many young Chinese people, Wang likes photography, music and basketball. Beyond many people's imagination, she is an excellent forward on the basketball court.
Shenzhou-10: China launches next manned space mission
BBC News 11 June 2013
The commander, Nie Haisheng, and his crew, Zhang Xiaoguang and Wang Yaping, plan to spend just under two weeks at the orbiting Tiangong space lab. Wang is China's second female astronaut and she will beam the country's first lesson from space to students on Earth. The crew's capsule was ejected from the upper-stage of the rocket about nine minutes after lift-off. Mission controllers clapped enthusiastically once the ship's solar panels had been deployed. Earlier in the day, Chinese TV carried pictures of President Xi Jinping wishing the crew luck. "You have made Chinese people feel proud of ourselves,'' Xi told Nie and his colleagues. "You have trained and prepared yourselves carefully and thoroughly, so I am confident in your completing the mission successfully. "I wish you success and look forward to your triumphant return.'' It should take just over 40 hours to raise the craft's orbit to the operating altitude of Tiangong some 335km (210 miles) above the planet's surface. This mission, the fifth manned venture by China and scheduled to be the longest, is designated Shenzhou-10. It is the latest step in China's plan to eventually put a permanently manned station above the Earth. Tiangong-1 is the demonstrator. It was launched in 2011 to provide a target to test rendezvous and docking technologies. The Shenzhou-9 crew - which included China's first female astronaut, Liu Yang - hooked up with the module for nearly 10 days in June 2012. Nie's team aims to stay a few days longer, and like the crew of Shenzhou-9 will practise both manual and automatic dockings during the mission. Beijing hopes to launch its fully-fledged station at the turn of the decade. It is expected to have a mass of about 60 tonnes and comprise a number of interlocking modules. Like the International Space Station (ISS), it will have long-duration residents and be supplied by robotic freighters. China's human spaceflight programme is conducted largely in isolation to the ISS partners. But this could change in the next few years. Europe in particular has opened a dialogue that could eventually result in flight opportunities for its astronauts on the proposed Chinese space station. "We are looking at possibilities to use this space station," the European Space Agency's human spaceflight director Thomas Reiter told the BBC last month. "The way ahead is that we will likely see first an exchange of experiments. And there are now also a few colleagues at the European Astronaut Centre who have started Chinese language training."
China has launched its latest Shenzhou manned space mission.
Three astronauts blasted away from the Jiuquan base in Inner Mongolia on a Long March 2F rocket at 17:38 Beijing time (09:38 GMT).